Monday, November 28, 2022

What Antibiotic Good For Ear Infection

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Q What Is The Difference Between A Viral Infection And A Bacterial Infection

Antibiotics Best for Ear Infections?

A: Bacteria are single-celled organisms that grow and divide by themselves. As long as they have a source of nutrients, they can grow and spread.

Viruses are the simplest life form, so simple that some would argue they arent life forms at all. They cant grow on their own. Instead, they are parasites that must invade cells in order to replicate.

Do Antibiotics Work For Viruses

The change in temperature as winter settles in often leads to increased respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, congestion and coughing. But how do you know if your symptoms are due to a virus or bacteria?

In this Q& A, pediatric infectious disease specialist Paul Krogstad, MD, sheds light on viral versus bacterial illnesses. And he talks about when you should use antibiotics for infections.

When To Use Antibiotics

Antibiotics are specific for the type of bacteria being treated and, in general, cannot be interchanged from one infection to another. When antibiotics are used correctly, they are usually safe with few side effects. Health care providers are able to assess each patient individually to determine the correct antibiotic, dose and length of treatment.

However, as with most drugs, antibiotics can lead to side effects that may range from being a nuisance to serious or life-threatening. In infants and the elderly, in patients with kidney or liver disease, in pregnant or breastfeeding women, and in many other patient groups, antibiotic doses may need to be adjusted based upon the individual patient. Drug interactions can also be common with antibiotics.

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To Use The Eardrops Follow These Steps:

  • Hold the bottle or single-dispensing container in your hand for 1 or 2 minutes to warm the solution.
  • Lie down with the affected ear upward.
  • Place the prescribed number of drops or the contents of the prescribed number of single-dispensing containers into your ear
  • If you are using a bottle of solution, be careful not to touch the tip to your ear, fingers, or any other surface.
  • For middle ear infections, push the tragus of the ear inward four times so that the drops will enter the middle ear.
  • Remain lying down with the affected ear upward for 5 minutes.
  • Repeat steps 1-6 for the opposite ear if necessary.
  • Where To Get Help

    Ear Infection Treatment
    • Your doctor
    • NURSE-ON-CALL Tel. for expert health information and advice
    • Royal Children’s Hospital Tel. 9345 5522
    • Your maternal and child health nurse
    • Your local hospital emergency or casualty department.
    • 24 hour Maternal and Child Health Telephone Service: Tel. 13 22 29 for the cost of a local call throughout Victoria.

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    What Are Complications Of Ear Infections

    Complications of ear infections are uncommon with proper treatment. Complications may include:

    • Hearing loss: usually temporary but may become permanent if the eardrum or middle ear structures are damaged
    • Infection that spreads to nearby tissues, such as infection of the mastoid bone, which helps drain middle ear fluid
    • Eardrum tears: most will heal on their own within a few days, though in some cases surgery is needed to repair it
    • Speech or developmental delays in infants and toddlers if hearing is impaired

    Articles On Ear Infection Treatments

    If you care for children, you likely know already how often they come down with earaches. Adults get them, too, but youngsters have them much more often. Thatâs because they donât fight off viruses and bacteria as well, and their little ears arenât good at draining fluids yet.

    You or your child may have a sore throat, stuffy nose, or fever along with an earache. These are signs of a possible infection.

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    Why Do Children Get Many More Ear Infections Than Adults Will My Child Always Get Ear Infections

    Children are more likely than adults to get ear infections for these reasons:

    • The eustachian tubes in young children are shorter and more horizontal. This shape encourages fluid to gather behind the eardrum.
    • The immune system of children, which in the bodys infection-fighting system, is still developing.
    • The adenoids in children are relatively larger than they are in adults. The adenoids are the small pads of tissue above the throat and behind the nose and near the eustachian tubes. As they swell to fight infection, they may block the normal ear drainage from the eustachian tube into the throat. This blockage of fluid can lead to a middle ear infection.

    Most children stop getting ear infections by age 8.

    Why Do Kids Get Ear Infections

    Medical Myth: Ear Infections Require Antibiotics

    Kids get ear infections more than adults do for several reasons:

    • Their shorter, more horizontal eustachian tubes let bacteria and viruses find their way into the middle ear more easily. The tubes are also narrower, so more likely to get blocked.
    • Their adenoids, gland-like structures at the back of the throat, are larger and can interfere with the opening of the eustachian tubes.

    Other things that can put kids at risk include secondhand smoke, bottle-feeding, and being around other kids in childcare. Ear infections are more common in boys than girls.

    Ear infections are not contagious, but the colds that sometimes cause them can be. Infections are common during winter weather, when many people get upper respiratory tract infections or colds .

    If you care for children, you likely know already how often they come down with earaches. Adults get them, too, but youngsters have them much more often. Thatâs because they donât fight off viruses and bacteria as well, and their little ears arenât good at draining fluids yet.

    You or your child may have a sore throat, stuffy nose, or fever along with an earache. These are signs of a possible infection.

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    Side Effects Of Antibiotics

    It’s important to also consider possible side effects when looking at the benefits of . Antibiotics can cause nausea, diarrhea and rashes. Around 5 out of 100 children who use antibiotics had one of these side effects. Using antibiotics too often also leads to the development and spread of that no longer respond to antibiotics .

    Theres A Serious Rash Growing

    One of the most feared infections in children is meningitis. There are all these horror stories of otherwise healthy children suddenly coming down with the bacterial infections and being unable to fight off the infection. Their immune systems struggle.

    A rash is one of the first signs of the bacterial infection. Before you worry about every rash, this is one of those that doesnt disappear with the tumbler test . After all, rashes can also be signs of viral infections, irritations, and allergic reactions.

    Its still important to keep an eye on the rash. If it gets bigger, grows redder and also sees some discharge, theres a sign that its more serious than viral infections. You should also watch out for inflammation and other signs of illnesses. A bacterial rash will usually be linked to high fevers, floppiness, and extreme fatigue, especially in children.

    Your doctor will likely refer you to the hospital if there is a fear of a serious bacterial infection from the rash. This isnt something thats taken lightly. At the hospital, tests can be carried out to make sure its bacterial, the type of bacteria and the best type of treatment.

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    Which Antibiotic Is Usually Prescribed

    The choice of antibiotic mainly depends on which infection you have and the germ your doctor thinks is causing your infection. This is because each antibiotic is effective only against certain bacteria and parasites. For example, if you have pneumonia, the doctor knows what kinds of bacteria typically cause most cases of pneumonia. He or she will choose the antibiotic that best combats those kinds of bacteria.

    There are other factors that influence the choice of an antibiotic. These include:

    • How severe the infection is.
    • How well your kidneys and liver are working.
    • Dosing schedule.
    • A history of having an allergy to a certain type of antibiotic.
    • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
    • Pattern of infection in your community.
    • Pattern of resistance to antibiotics by germs in your area.

    Even if you are pregnant or breastfeeding there are a number of antibiotics that are thought to be safe to take.

    Can I Buy Antibiotics

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    No, in the UK they are only available from your chemist, with a doctor’s prescription. In some other parts of the world they are available over the counter. However, to reduce the problem of resistance due to inappropriate use of antibiotics, it is best to always obtain medical advice before buying antibiotics.

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    Watchful Waiting Makes Sense In Most Cases

    In most children it’s best to wait for two to three days in order to see whether the symptoms improve on their own, and then decide whether to use . This can help avoid side effects. Painkillers will relieve the pain more quickly than antibiotics. If you take a “watchful waiting” approach, it’s a good idea to go to back to the doctor for a check-up.

    Whats The Difference Between Antibiotic Solutions And Suspensions

    Solutions are liquids where the active ingredients are dissolved. Suspensions are liquids in which the particles are suspended, or scattered throughout the liquid, and not quite dissolved. Some medications are stable as a suspension but not as a solution.

    The main difference between the two is how irritating they might be. Antibiotic solutions are generally more irritating than suspensions because solutions have a more acidic pH of 3-4, whereas suspensions have a less acidic pH of 5.

    Solutions may also contain alcohol to help kill bacteria, but the alcohol can be extremely irritating when these solutions are applied.

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    When To See Your Doctor

    See your doctor if your child:

    • Is six months of age or younger
    • Has a high fever or bad earache
    • Has an ear discharge that lasts more than 24 hours
    • Continues to have fever or bad earache two days after they start treatment
    • Still seems to have trouble hearing after six to eight weeks
    • Seems to be getting worse or you are worried at any time.

    Ear Infection Home Treatments And Remedies

    Ear Infections Part 2: Antibiotics or Natural Remedies for Kid’s Ear Infections: What to Use & When

    Ear infections can occur in the outer ear , middle ear , and inner ear . Natural and home remedies to treat pain include:

    • Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen
    • Applying a warm compress on the infected ear.
    • Applying naturopathic ear drops with ginger, tea tree, or olive oil may help with pain and inflammation.

    Talk with your doctor or pediatrician before using any herbal or naturopathic medicine for ear infections.

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    What Are The Types Of Ototopical Antibiotics

    Ototopical antibiotics are available in three forms:

    Powders

    Powders are not approved by FDA, but regionally compounded powders have been in use for years. Powders have the advantage of adhering to and remaining for a long time in moist surfaces. Powders are prepared with several components.

    Two preparations of powders used are:

    Creams and ointments

    Creams and antibiotics are applied only for bacterial and fungal infections in the external ear and auditory canal, usually with a single dose. Following are some of the antibiotic ointments and creams used for external ear infections:

    Oral Antibiotics Help Treat Swimmers Ear When:

    • Infection spreads beyond the ear.
    • The person has other conditions, such as diabetes, that increase the risk of complications.

    This report is for you to use when talking with your healthcare provider. It is not a substitute for medical advice and treatment. Use of this report is at your own risk.

    10/2013

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    What Are Symptoms Of Ear Infections

    Symptoms of ear infections include:

    Additional signs of ear infections in young children and infants may also include:

    • Pulling on the ear/rubbing the ear
    • Fussiness

    Middle ear infection is usually caused by:

    • Bacteria the most common bacterial causes include:
    • Streptococcus pneumoniae
    • Haemophilus influenzae
    • Flu

    Infections of the ear canal are usually caused by water that remains in the outer ear canal for an extended period of time, which, when combined with the earwax and debris already present in the ear canal, provided a moist environment for bacteria or yeast to grow and cause infection. While its commonly called swimmers ear, diving or bathing and showering can also permit just enough water into the ear to create a fertile breeding ground for infection.

    Cause Of Ear Infections

    Ear Infection
    • A bacterial infection of the middle ear
    • Blocked eustachian tube, usually as part of a common cold. The eustachian tube joins the middle ear to the back of the throat.
    • Blockage results in middle ear fluid .
    • If the fluid becomes infected , the fluid turns to pus. This causes the eardrum to bulge out and can cause a lot of pain.
    • Ear infections peak at age 6 months to 2 years. They are a common problem until age 8.
    • The onset of ear infections is often on day 3 of a cold.
    • How often do kids get ear infections? 90% of children have at least 1 ear infection. Frequent ear infections occur in 20% of children. Ear infections are the most common bacterial infection of young children.

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    When To See A Doctor

    Ear infections can go away on their own in many cases, so a minor earache may not be a worry.

    A doctor should typically be seen if symptoms have not improved within 3 days. If new symptoms occur, such as a fever or loss of balance, a doctor should be seen immediately.

    Any sign of discharge coming from the ear would also require a visit to the doctor.

    Five Tips For Ear Infection Treatment At Home

    Even when antibiotics are prescribed, they wont take effect for 24 to 48 hours. Your child need not suffer needlessly. There are simple, effective ways to reduce your childs discomfort and pain during an ear infection.

    1. Fever and pain medicine: based it on age, consult with doctor

    Over-the-counter medications can help reduce pain and fever in your child. Based it on age and weight and consult with your pediatrician if necessary.

    Read labels and instructions carefully when giving fever-reducing medications. Its very important to follow instructions and give the appropriate dosage according to your childs weight and age, says Dr. Hutton.

    • For children younger than 6 months, give only acetaminophen, such as Tylenol.
    • For children older than 6 months, you may give also give an ibuprofen product, such as Advil, for fever and pain.
    • Infants younger than 3 months old who have a fever need immediate medical attention even if they appear well and show no other signs of being ill.
    • Do not give aspirin to children because it can cause Reyes syndrome, a rare but very serious illness that harms the liver and brain, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .

    2. Place a cold pack or warm compress over your childs ear

    Put a cold wet washcloth on the outer ear for 20 minutes to help with pain until the pain medicine starts to work.

    3. Keep child hydrated

    Make sure to keep your child well hydrated. Give lots of cold fluids.

    4. Elevate your childs head

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    When Should I Take My Baby To The Doctor For An Ear Infection

    Watch closely for changes in your childs health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if: Your child has new or worse discharge from the ear. Your child is not getting better after 2 days . Your child has any new symptoms, such as hearing problems, after the ear infection has cleared.

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    How I Treat Ear Infections Naturally In My Home

    Antibiotic Awareness: Ear Infection or Acute Otitis Media

    The first thing I do when I suspect an ear infection is grab the hydrogen peroxide.

    For the first and second days, I administer peroxide up to four times daily.

    I also rub lavender oil behind the ear and down the neck to provide pain relief since we dont have over-the-counter pain killers in our house.

    If my child isnt back to her old self by the end of the second day, I call the chiropractor and schedule an adjustment for the third day.

    I still continue the peroxide 3 or 4 times a day.

    If Im on the third or fourth day of the infection and it shows no sign of improvement at all, Ill pull out the garlic oil and colloidal silver and alternate them, while still using essential oils for pain relief.

    Ear infections are VERY rare in our family, but this is the protocol Ive used each time and neither of my kids have taken an antibiotic in over 10 years.

    These 5 natural home remedies for ear infection work quickly for adults and children! I hope youll feel empowered to reduce antibiotic use in your home and give some of these remedies a try next time youre faced with an ear infection!

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    Types Of Middle Ear Infections

    Middle ear infections are called otitis media. When otitis media is accompanied by fluid in the middle ear, ear infections are referred to as serous otitis media, or otitis media with effusion.

    Middle ear infections often occur after a cold virus or upper respiratory infection. They are also more common in individuals who suffer from allergies or enlarged adenoids , which can inhibit proper functioning of the auditory tube.

    Bacteria, viruses, or fungi often enter through the auditory tube, which can then become swollen and blocked with mucus, preventing drainage and ventilation of the middle ear.

    The main symptoms of middle ear infections include:

    • Ear pain, which may be worse in the morning or cause difficulty sleeping
    • Ear drainage
    • Trouble hearing
    • Fever

    A healthcare provider can diagnose a middle ear infection based on symptoms and an examination, which involves looking at the eardrum with an otoscope .

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