Thursday, January 26, 2023

Hiv Infection Rate In Usa

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Hiv Statistics By State 2022

U of R to study disproportionate HIV infection rates among women of color

Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that weakens a persons immune system by attacking cells that fight off infection, specifically a persons CD4 cells. HIV is spread through body fluids such as blood. If HIV goes untreated and advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. Unlike most other viruses, when a person contracts HIV, they have it for life because the human body cannot fight off the virus entirely. HIV, however, can be controlled and its progression can be slowed significantly. There are three stages of HIV: acute HIV infection, clinical latency , and AIDS.

The Global Distribution Of Deaths From Hiv/aids

In some countries HIV/AIDS is the cause of more than a quarter of all deaths

Globally, 1.5% of deaths were caused by HIV/AIDS in 2019.

This share is high, but masks the wide variations in the toll of HIV/AIDS across the world. In some countries, this share was much higher.In the interactive map we see the share of deaths which resulted from HIV/AIDS across the world. Across most regions the share was low: across Europe, for example, it accounted for less than 0.1% of deaths.

But across some countries focused primarily in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa the share is very high. More than 1-in-4 of deaths in South Africa were caused by HIV/AIDS in 2019. The share was also very high across Botswana Mozambique Namibia Zambia Kenya and Congo .

Death rates are high across Sub-Saharan Africa

The large health burden of HIV/AIDS across Sub-Saharan Africa is also reflected in death rates. Death rates measure the number of deaths from HIV/AIDS per 100,000 individuals in a country or region.

In the interactive map we see the distribution of death rates across the world. Most countries have a rate of less than 10 deaths per 100,000 often much lower, below 5 per 100,000. Across Europe the death rate is less than one per 100,000.

Across Sub-Saharan Africa the rates are much higher. Most countries in the South of the region had rates greater than 100 per 100,000. In South Africa and Mozambique, it was over 200 per 100,000.

Men Who Have Sex With Men

Gay or bisexual MSM are the most severely affected population. MSM account for just a small fraction of the total U.S. population, yet nearly two-thirds of all new infections occurred within this group in 2009, and one-half of all people living with HIV in 2008 were MSM. MSM within ethnic minority populations are at greatest risk .

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Hiv/aids In The United States

The AIDS epidemic, caused by HIV , found its way to the United States between the 1970s and 1980s, but was first noticed after doctors discovered clusters of Kaposi’s sarcoma and pneumocystis pneumonia in homosexual men in Los Angeles, New York City, and San Francisco in 1981.Treatment of HIV/AIDS is primarily via the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs, and education programs to help people avoid infection.

Initially, infected foreign nationals were turned back at the United States border to help prevent additional infections. The number of United States deaths from AIDS has declined sharply since the early years of the disease’s presentation domestically. In the United States in 2016, 1.1 million people aged over 13 lived with an HIV infection, of whom 14% were unaware of their infection.Gay and bisexual men, African Americans, and Latino Americans remain disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States.

States With The Highest Rates Of Hiv

HIV in the United States and Dependent Areas

These numbers are based on the CDCs HIV Surveillance Report.

California has the highest number of people living with HIV of 128,153, a rate of 389.7 people with HIV per 100,000 residents. Of those living with HIV in California, the largest group is White with 48,155 people and the second-largest is Hispanic/Latino with 48,029.

New York has the second-highest number of people living with HIV of 126,495, a rate of 760.2 per 100,000. This rate is more than double that of Californias. The largest group living with HIV in New York is Black/African American with 47,164 people living with the virus.

Florida has 110,034 people living with HIV, the third-highest number in the United States. Floridas HIV rate is 612.3 per 100,000. The group with the highest number of people living with HIV is Black/African American with 49,943.

Texas has the fourth-highest number of people living with HIV in the United States of 88,099, translating to a rate of 382.9 per 100,000 people. The largest group living with the virus is Black/African American with 31,915 people, followed by Hispanic/Latino with 29,758.

Georgia has 52,528 people living with HIV, a rate of 608.8 per 100,000. This is the fifth-highest in the country. A majority of those infected with the virus are Black/African American, totaling 35,974.

Here are the 10 states with the highest rates of HIV:

  • Florida – 39.1 per 100k
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    What Are The Symptoms Of Hiv & Aids

    It can be years before symptoms of HIV make you feel sick, so many people may not know that they have it. Thats why routine HIV testing is so important.At first, you might feel achy, feverish, or like you have the flu. These symptoms are your bodys first reaction to the HIV infection. Common early symptoms include:

    • Swollen Lymph Nodes

    During this time, theres a lot of the virus in your system, so its really easy to spread HIV to other people. The symptoms only last for a few weeks, and then you usually dont have symptoms again for years. But HIV can be spread to other people whether or not you have symptoms or feel sick.

    These symptoms are the same in both men and women, but a few more symptoms may present in women. Common HIV symptoms in women include:

    • Changes in Menstrual Cycle
    • Lower Belly Pain due to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
    • Pain During Sex
    • Vaginal Yeast Infections

    While any one of these symptoms can be the first sign of HIV infection, they can also be signals of other health issues. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, contact your healthcare provider and make sure to get an HIV test so that you can get the care you need.

    New Hiv Diagnoses And People With Diagnosed Hiv In The Us And Dependent Areas By Area Of Residence 2020*

    Data for 2020 should be interpreted with caution due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV testing, care-related services, and case surveillance activities in state and local jurisdictions.* Among people aged 13 and older.Source: CDC.Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2020. HIV Surveillance Report2022 33

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    Iraq Announces Hiv Infection Low Rate Compared To Other Countries

    A laboratory specialized in HIV and other viruses. Photo: Sputnik

    Baghdad The spokesperson of the Iraqi Ministry of Health, Saif Al-Badr, announced on Sunday that the rate of infection with HIV/AIDS in the country is low compared to other countries in the world, according to the Iraqi News Agency .

    Al-Badr clarified that Iraq is still among the low-endemic areas of AIDS, according to the approved epidemiological classifications, INA mentioned.

    The Iraqi official indicated that his country recorded an increase in the infections in line with the increase in population, but it is still low compared to other countries in the world, INA reported.

    Al-Badr explained that HIV is transmitted through sexual intercourse, transfusion of blood, the use of unsterilized surgical instruments, and the use of contaminated machines for tattoos and cupping therapy.

    Al-Badr considered that the best way to confront the risk of infection is health education and raising the awareness of citizens.

    Al-Badr also called on media channels to support the health departments in spreading the culture of how these diseases are transmitted.

    New Hiv Infection Rates

    HIV a growing concern in Detroit, with infection rate four times some counties

    New HIV infection rates have dropped over the years. The world has seen a 52% reduction in new HIV infections since the epidemic peaked in 1997. In 1997, 3 million people reported new HIV infections, compared with only 2.1 million in 2010 and 1.5 million in 2020.

    This is because people in resource-poor countries now have significantly improved access to HIV treatments. Preventing vertical transmission of HIV, which refers to when the infection passes from a birthing parent to their fetus, has also contributed to lowering transmission rates. Additionally, the medical community has added new HIV prevention tools and methods.

    However, the unequal distribution of HIV treatment and prevention strategies still leaves many vulnerable populations behind. Important barriers to improving access to care include stigma, discrimination, social inequities, and exclusion.

    Before the COVID-19 pandemic, many people with HIV or at risk of HIV still did not have access to prevention, care, and treatment. The pandemic caused a greater disturbance in the distribution of health services in many countries. Some countries report a 75% disruption of HIV services.

    According to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the benefits of providing HIV services outweigh the risk of dying from COVID-19.

    HIV spreads through contact with bodily fluids from people who have the virus. Bodily fluids that carry HIV include:

    It is not possible to contract HIV through:

    • sharing foods or beverages

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    Us States With The Highest Hiv

    In the 1980s and 1990s, HIV and AIDS had suddenly risen from oblivion to become the an alarming cause of death across the entire globe. However, the rate of infection began to experience a steady decline, particularly in the United States, after the public got more information about the disease and ways of protection from infection. Despite the increased sensitization programs in recent years, Americans are still dying of HIV/AIDS. The recent data from Statista established the states in the US where AIDS-related deaths are still higher than the national average. The states of Louisiana and Florida had the largest number of AIDS-related deaths of any state in the US.

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    The Three Stages Of Hiv:

    HIV progresses through three distinct stages, which range in severity from inconvenient but manageable to terminal.

  • Acute HIV infection The earliest stage of HIV infection. HIV cells multiply rapidly in the body, possibly causing flu-like symptoms in the host, and begins destroying the body’s CD4 T lymphocyte cells. Risk of infecting others, primarily through sexual contact, is high.
  • Chronic HIV infection The second stage of HIV infection. HIV levels are lower, but persistent. Infected individuals may have no symptoms and risk of transmission to others is greatly diminished. Patients on treatment plans may have virus levels so low as to be undetectable, making the risk of transmission nearly zero, and live at this stage for decades.
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome The third stage of HIV infection. If left untreated for an extended period , chronic HIV infection progresses to AIDS, the stage at which one’s immune system is no longer able to fight off many types of infection. The odds of transmission to others increases dramatically, and loss of life typically occurs within three years.
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    Hiv Rates By Country 2022

    30.00%

    HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a disease that weakens a persons immune system by attacking CD4 cells, which help the body fight off infection. If HIV advances, it can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS, a terminal condition. HIV spreads through certain body fluids, most often during unprotected sex, pregnancy and childbirth, transfusion of contaminated blood, or shared use of hypodermic needles. The human body cannot completely eliminate HIV. Therefore, once the virus is contracted, the individual will remain HIV-positive for life. However, HIV can be controlled and its progression slowed significantly by treatment with antiretroviral therapy medicines. HIV rates vary drastically between countries, particularly in Africa, the continent from which the virus is believed to have originated.

    The State Of The Hiv Epidemic In The Us

    Basic Statistics

    Annual HIV Infections in the U.S., 2015-2019

    COVID-19 and HIVThe full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV in the U.S. will not be known for some time. However, CDC data have shown concerning setbacks to HIV prevention, including sharp declines in HIV testing and diagnosis from 2019 to 2020. These declines were due to high levels of disruptions to clinical care and community services, reductions in patients accessing the clinical services that were available, and reductions in partner services and testing as public health staff shifted to the COVID-19 response.

    Prescriptions for pre-exposure prophylaxis also increased at slower rates than before COVID-19, and not at the rate needed to meet the federal Ending the HIV Epidemic in the U.S. The nation must accelerate efforts to protect health, expand access to proven HIV prevention tools, and meet rapidly approaching national goals to end the HIV epidemic.

    Due to the disruptions in testing and clinical care services, CDC is not able to estimate new HIV infections for 2020 or to provide HIV trends through 2020. CDC is also unable to estimate the total number of diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV infections or knowledge of HIV status.

    CDC estimates that, as of 2019, about 1.2 million people in the U.S. have HIV. New HIV infections have declined in recent years, after a period of general stability. Overall, new infections fell 8% from 37,800 in 2015 to 34,800 in 2019.

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    Risk Factors Contributing To The Black Hiv Rate

    This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

    Access to healthcare is very important in preventing and treating HIV/AIDS. It can be affected by health insurance which is available to people through private insurers, Medicare and Medicaid which leaves some people still vulnerable. Historically, African-Americans have faced discrimination when it comes to receiving healthcare.

    Homosexuality is viewed negatively in the African-American Community. “In a qualitative study of 745 racially and ethnic diverse undergraduates attending a large Midwestern university, Calzo and Ward determined that parents of African-American participants discussed homosexuality more frequently than the parents of other respondents. In analyses of the values communicated, Calzo and Ward reported that Black parents offered greater indication that homosexuality is perverse and unnatural”.

    Hiv In The United States By Race/ethnicity

    Data for 2020 should be interpreted with caution due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV testing, care-related services, and case surveillance activities in state and local jurisdictions. While 2020 data on HIV diagnoses and prevention and care outcomes are available, we are not updating this web content with data from these reports.

    While HIV affects all races and ethnicities in the United States and dependent areas,a some groups are disproportionately affected compared to their population size. Black/African American peopleb and Hispanic/Latino peoplec are particularly affected by HIV. Get the latest data on HIV by race and ethnicity.d

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    The Proportion Of People With Undiagnosed Hiv Is High In Some Parts Of The Country Especially In The South Likely Contributing To The High Burden Of Hiv In The Region

    Percent of People with Undiagnosed HIV by State, 201822

    To help gauge progress and direct HIV prevention resources most effectively, CDC tracks the HIV care continuum a series of steps from the time a person receives an HIV diagnosis through successful treatment with HIV medications. Gaps in the care continuum highlight the urgent need to improve early detection of HIV and increase the proportion of people with diagnosed HIV who are receiving treatment and have a suppressed viral load.

    Prevalence-based HIV Care Continuum, 201823

    Hiv In The United States

    HIV infections rate in youth aged between 15-29 years is worrying, AIDS control council says

    Currently, in the United States, over 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV. After years of stagnation in the annual infection rate, which hovered at around 50,000 new infections per year, the rate has begun to steadily drop in recent years due to newer preventive strategies like PrEP and HIV treatment as prevention, the latter of which can reduce the risk of HIV transmission to zero.

    According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , 37,968 new HIV infections were reported in the 2019 surveillancea drop of nearly 8% since 2010.

    Despite these gains, around 15,800 people with HIV died in the United States in 2019, and as many as 14% of those infected remain unaware of their status. Of those who have been diagnosed, only 63% are linked to medical care, and only 51% are unable to achieve an undetectable viral load needed to ensure a normal to near-normal life expectancy.

    HIV stigma and a lack of access to medical care, particularly among the poor and communities of color, are among the driving factors for these failures.

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    Us Response To The Global Epidemic

    The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief is the U.S. Governmentâs response to the global HIV/AIDS epidemic and represents the largest commitment by any nation to address a single disease in history. Through PEPFAR, the U.S. has supported a world safer and more secure from infectious disease threats. It has demonstrably strengthened the global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to new and existing risksâwhich ultimately enhances global health security and protects Americaâs borders. Among other global results, PEPFAR provided HIV testing services for more than 50 million people in Fiscal Year 2021 and, as of September 30, 2021, supported lifesaving ART for nearly 18.96 million men, women, and children. PEPFAR also enabled 2.8 million babies to be born HIV-free to parents living with HIV.

    In addition, the National Institutes of Health represents the largest public investment in HIV/AIDS research in the world. NIH is engaged in research around the globe to understand, diagnose, treat, and prevent HIV infection and its many associated conditions, and to find a cure.

    Read more about the U.S. Governmentâs global HIV/AIDS activities.

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