Farxiga For Type 2 Diabetes
Farxiga is FDA-approved for use in adults with type 2 diabetes to:
- improve blood sugar levels when used along with improved diet and exercise
- reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in people with either heart disease or risk factors* for heart disease
Diabetes is a chronic condition. With diabetes, the level of sugar in your bloodstream builds up. Normally, a hormone called insulin helps to move glucose from your bloodstream into your cells.
But with type 2 diabetes, your bodys cells dont respond to insulin as well as they should. And in the later stages of diabetes, your body also might not make enough insulin.
Having type 2 diabetes thats not managed can cause your blood glucose level to be high all the time. And this can cause several symptoms that may lead to serious complications, such as heart failure.
* Some examples of risk factors for heart disease include being of an older age, having high cholesterol or high blood pressure, and smoking.
How type 2 diabetes and heart failure are connected
Many of the risk factors and changes in bodily functions are the same for both type 2 diabetes and heart failure. So both of these conditions can be a risk factor for the other.
In clinical studies , people with type 2 diabetes were two to four times more likely to develop heart failure. They also had a 50% higher risk of hospitalization than someone without diabetes.
Effectiveness for glucose control in type 2 diabetes
What Should I Know About Farxiga Vs Invokana
Farxiga and Invokana belong to the same group of drugs, but they contain different active ingredients. While these drugs work in the same way, they have slightly different uses.
If youd like to learn how Farxiga compares with Invokana, see Farxiga vs. Invokana in this article. And be sure to talk with your doctor about which treatment is best for your condition.
Some important things to discuss with your doctor when considering Farxiga treatment include:
- your overall health
- any medical conditions you may have
- any other medications you take
What Is Yeast Infection
A yeast infection is an abundance of yeast or presence of high yeast in blood. Yeast is technically a fungus, which implies they are also fungal infections.
candidiasis and diabetes is a common problem for people with diabetes because high blood sugar levels can efficiently fuel fungal growth. Due to excess sugar in the blood, there will inevitably be extra sugar in the urine, leading to yeast overgrowth.
The abundance of this otherwise healthy fungus can lead to extremely uncomfortable symptoms that are impossible to ignore.
Yeast infection around the genitals can occur in women and men, but it is more common in women.
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How Should I Take Dapagliflozin
Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.
You may take dapagliflozin with or without food.
Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may also need to test the level of ketones in your urine. Dapagliflozin can cause life-threatening ketoacidosis . Even if your blood sugar is normal, contact your doctor if a urine test shows that you have high ketones in the urine.
Blood sugar can be affected by stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals.
Low blood sugar can make you feel very hungry, dizzy, irritable, or shaky. To quickly treat hypoglycemia, eat or drink hard candy, crackers, raisins, fruit juice, or non-diet soda. Your doctor may prescribe glucagon injection in case of severe hypoglycemia.
You may get dehydrated during prolonged illness. Call your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, or if you eat or drink less than usual.
This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using dapagliflozin.
Your treatment may also include diet, exercise, weight control, and special medical care.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Diabetes And Yeast Infections: How Can Diabetic Patients Get Rid Of Yeast Infections
Diabetes occurs when the body does not generate insulin or does not produce it in the necessary amount. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas insulin passes into the blood after leaving the pancreas. It allows glucose to penetrate the cells, where it will be transformed into energy necessary for our body. Read this blog to know about diabetes and yeast infections causes, treatment
The body of the person with diabetes has difficulties in the use and control of glucose. When glucose cannot penetrate cells, it accumulates in the blood, and the symptoms of diabetes occur. High blood glucose levels can be responsible for the so-called chronic complications of diabetes. The best way to fight against them is an early diagnosis and reasonable care and control of our diabetes.
Diabetes is not considered a disease but a group of disorders of different etiologies and pathogenic mechanisms. It is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia so that it can lead to the appearance of acute complications and chronic .0
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Things To Know About Farxiga
As with other drugs, there are rare but serious side effects that can occur with Farxiga. Farxiga can cause some people to lose too much water and become dehydrated. Signs of dehydration include feeling lightheaded, weak, or dizzy, especially when standing up. Becoming significantly dehydrated can lead to kidney damage.
People with severe kidney problems or who are on dialysis should not take Farxiga. Those who are allergic to Farxiga or any of its ingredients should not take the drug either. If you notice signs of an allergic reaction , contact your doctor immediately.
Farxiga can cause an increase in acid in the blood called ketoacidosis. This is especially true for people with type 2 diabetes who take the drug. Signs of ketoacidosis include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, tiredness, and trouble breathing. Farxiga can also cause a personâs blood sugar to become too low. Signs of low blood sugar include headache, weakness, confusion, dizziness, shaking, irritability, sweating, and fast heartbeat.
Farxiga may harm an unborn baby, especially during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. It is unclear if Farxiga can pass through breast milk. Because of this, Farxiga may not be recommended for pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding.
Do Farxigas Side Effects Usually Go Away Are Any Long Term
Most of Farxigas side effects are mild, and they may go away after your body adjusts to taking the medication. But some side effects may be considered more long term. Examples include:
- high cholesterol
- kidney problems
If youre concerned about long-term side effects, or if you develop bothersome side effects during treatment, talk with your doctor. They may recommend a different treatment option for your condition or recommend ways to ease your side effects.
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Serious Side Effects Of Farxiga
Farxiga may cause some rare but serious side effects. The list below may not include all possible serious side effects of the drug. For more information, you can refer to Farxigas prescribing information.
If you develop serious side effects while taking Farxiga, call your doctor right away. If the side effects seem life threatening or you think youre having a medical emergency, immediately call 911 or your local emergency number.
Serious side effects that have been reported and their symptoms include:
- Serious urinary tract infections , such as pyelonephritis and urosepsis . Symptoms can include:
- pain, burning, or stinging sensation when urinating
- pain in the lower abdomen, back, or side
- urine that is cloudy, foul-smelling, or contains blood
Questions About Farxigas Dosage
Below are answers to some common questions about Farxigas dosage.
- What if I miss a dose of Farxiga? If you miss a dose of Farxiga, take it as soon as possible. But if its nearly time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next scheduled dose as usual. Dont take an extra dose to make up for a missed dose. Doing so could cause side effects.
- Will I need to take Farxiga long term? Yes. If Farxiga works for you without causing troublesome side effects, youll likely take it long term.
- How long does Farxiga take to work? Farxiga starts working when you take your first dose. But it might take a few weeks for your blood sugar level to improve. Its not known how long it takes for Farxiga to help lower the risk of complications from heart failure or kidney disease.
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Will Taking Farxiga Cause Erectile Dysfunction
But if your diabetes is not well managed, it can lead to damage to your blood vessels. Over time, this can cause erectile dysfunction. Keeping your blood sugar levels within a healthy range can help lower your risk for blood vessel damage, which can also decrease your risk for erectile dysfunction.
If youre experiencing erectile dysfunction, talk with your doctor. They may be able to recommend another medication, such as sildenafil , to treat your condition. They may also be able to determine whats causing your erectile dysfunction and the best way to treat it.
Learn more about some of the side effects Farxiga may cause.
Financial And Insurance Assistance
If you need financial support to pay for Farxiga, or if you need help understanding your insurance coverage, help is available.
AstraZeneca, the manufacturer of Farxiga, offers a savings card that may lower the cost of Farxiga. For more information and to find out if youre eligible for support, visit the program website.
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Taking Farxiga With Other Drugs
Farxiga and metformin
In people with type 2 diabetes, Farxiga is commonly used together with metformin .
Common Side Effects Of Farxiga
Farxiga can cause certain side effects, some of which are more common than others. These side effects may be temporary, lasting a few days to weeks. But if the side effects last longer than that, bother you, or become severe, be sure to talk with your doctor or pharmacist.
These are just a few of the more common side effects reported by people who took Farxiga in clinical trials:
- increased cholesterol levels
These side effects may be temporary, lasting a few days to weeks. But if the side effects last longer than that, bother you, or become severe, be sure to talk with your doctor or pharmacist.
Note: After the Food and Drug Administration approves a drug, it tracks side effects of the medication. If you develop a side effect while taking Farxiga and want to tell the FDA about it, visit MedWatch.
* To learn more about this side effect, see the Side effect specifics section below.
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Side Effects Not Requiring Immediate Medical Attention
Some side effects of dapagliflozin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- difficulty having a bowel movement
- pain in the arms or legs
Applies to dapagliflozin: oral tablet
What Should I Watch For While Using This Medication
Visit your care team for regular checks on your progress. Tell your care team if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse.
This medication can cause a serious condition in which there is too much acid in the blood. If you develop nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, unusual tiredness, or breathing problems, stop taking this medication and call your care team right away. If possible, use a ketone dipstick to check for ketones in your urine.
Check with your care team if you have severe diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, or if you sweat a lot. The loss of too much body fluid may make it dangerous for you to take this medication.
A test called the HbA1C will be monitored. This is a simple blood test. It measures your blood sugar control over the last 2 to 3 months. You will receive this test every 3 to 6 months.
Learn how to check your blood sugar. Learn the symptoms of low and high blood sugar and how to manage them.
Always carry a quick-source of sugar with you in case you have symptoms of low blood sugar. Examples include hard sugar candy or glucose tablets. Make sure others know that you can choke if you eat or drink when you develop serious symptoms of low blood sugar, such as seizures or unconsciousness. Get medical help at once.
Tell your care team if you have high blood sugar. You might need to change the dose of your medication. If you are sick or exercising more than usual, you may need to change the dose of your medication.
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What Other Drugs Will Affect Dapagliflozin
Other drugs may increase or decrease the effects of dapagliflozin on lowering your blood sugar. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:
- insulin or other oral diabetes medicines or
- a diuretic or “water pill.”
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect dapagliflozin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
What Drugs Interact With Farxiga
Positive Urine Glucose Test
- Monitoring glycemic control with urine glucose tests is not recommended in patients taking SGLT2 inhibitors as SGLT2 inhibitors increase urinary glucose excretion and will lead to positive urine glucose tests.
- Use alternative methods to monitor glycemic control.
Interference With 1,5-Anhydroglucitol Assay
- Monitoring glycemic control with 1,5-AG assay is not recommended as measurements of 1,5-AG are unreliable in assessing glycemic control in patients taking SGLT2 inhibitors.
- Use alternative methods to monitor glycemic control.
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How Should I Take Farxiga
- Take Farxiga exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
- Do not change your dose of Farxiga without talking to your healthcare provider.
- Take Farxiga by mouth 1 time each day, with or without food.
- Stay on your prescribed diet and exercise program while taking Farxiga.
- Farxiga will cause your urine to test positive for glucose.
- Your healthcare provider may do certain blood tests before you start Farxiga and during your treatment.
- If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take 2 doses of Farxiga at the same time.
- If you take too much Farxiga, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest emergency room right away.
- If you have diabetes
- When your body is under some types of stress, such as fever, trauma , infection, or surgery, the amount of diabetes medicine you need may change. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these conditions and follow your healthcare providerâs instructions.
- Your healthcare provider will check your diabetes with regular blood tests, including your blood sugar levels and your HbA1c.
- Follow your healthcare providerâs instructions for treating low blood sugar . Talk to your healthcare provider if low blood sugar is a problem for you.
How Does Farxiga Compare With Januvia Or Other Alternatives
But there are important differences between the drugs. For example:
- Farxiga and Januvia belong to different groups of drugs and have different side effects.
- Januvia is only prescribed to improve blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. But Farxiga also has heart benefits for people with both type 2 diabetes and heart disease. It also has additional benefits for certain people with heart failure and kidney disease.
Other alternatives to Farxiga that are prescribed for type 2 diabetes are Jardiance and Invokana. To read more about how Farxiga compares with these drugs, see What should I know about Farxiga vs. Jardiance? and What should I know about Farxiga vs. Invokana? below.
For more information about how these different drugs compare or other treatment options for type 2 diabetes, talk with your doctor.
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Efficacy Of Jardiance Vs Farxiga:
Farxiga and Jardiance have different FDA-approved uses, however both can be used in proper blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes. Also, both the drugs can be used to help prevent various complications of heart problems in individuals with both type 2 diabetes and cardiac problems.
Both the medications appear to be effective for these uses. Both the medications are recommended as treatment options for type 2 diabetic patients as per rules from the American Diabetes Association.
What Farxiga Does For Diabetes
Farxiga belongs to a class of drugs called sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.
Farxiga lowers your blood sugar levels by causing your kidneys to get rid of excess sugar in your blood through your urine.
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