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How Do They Check For Kidney Infection

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How Do I Get Tested For A Uti

How can I be tested for kidney disease?

You have to talk with a nurse or doctor to know for sure if you have a UTI. Testing usually begins with a nurse or doctor talking with you about your medical history and your symptoms. Theyll also do a simple test, called a urinalysis: all you do is pee in a cup, and theyll test it for certain bacteria or other signs of infection.

In addition to the urinalysis, your doctor or nurse might test you for certain STDs, which can lead to UTIs or have similar symptoms.

Complications Of Kidney Infections

Most kidney infections are treated successfully without complications, although some people may develop further problems.

Complications of a kidney infection are rare, but youre more likely to develop them if you:

  • rapid heartbeat

Blood poisoning is a medical emergency that usually requires admission to a hospital intensive care unit while antibiotics are used to fight the infection.

If youre taking certain medications for diabetes, such as metformin or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, they may be temporarily withdrawn until you recover. This is because they can cause kidney damage during an episode of blood poisoning.

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Drink Lots Of Liquid Especially Water

Liquids can help flush bacteria from the urinary system. Water is best. Most healthy people should try to drink six to eight, 8-ounce glasses of liquid each day. If you need to drink less water because of other health conditions, such as bladder control problems, kidney failure or heart disease, ask your health care provider how much liquid is healthy for you.

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How Are Children Treated For Kidney Stones

Most childrens kidney stones can be treated with the shock wave lithotripsy , a completely non-invasive procedure. Your child is placed under anesthesia and sound waves of specific frequencies are focused on the stones to shatter them into fragments small enough to be easily passed during urination.

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What Is A Kidney Infection

Kidney Stones Infection Test

A kidney infection, or what doctors call pyelonephritis, is a type of urinary tract infection that most often originates from the bladder and spreads up into one or both of the kidneys. These infections can be caused by bacteria or viruses, but the bacteria Escherichia coli is a common culprit, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases . Most types of E. coli are usually harmless and found in your intestines, but the bacteria can wreak havoc when they make their way into the urinary tract, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Kidney infections are one of the most common urologic conditions that we see in general urology practice, Fara Bellows, MD, a urologist at OhioHealth, tells SELF. And theyre typically easy to treatas long as you put the kibosh on them early.

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How To Prevent A Kidney Infection

Preventing a kidney infection is really all about preventing a urinary tract infection and getting prompt treatment if you ever get one. While youve probably heard that guzzling cranberry juice or taking certain supplements can keep UTIs away, the science is far too mixed to consider either of these a definitive way to prevent UTIs, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

Heres a more science-backed tip to take note of: Whenever you feel a potential bladder infection coming on, make it a habit to drink enough water every day to stay hydrated. That will ensure youre peeing often enough to help flush out bacteria that could possibly lead to a urinary tract infection. The NIDDK recommends peeing as often as you get the urge, but definitely at least every three to four hours, since urine hanging out in your bladder for too long may help bacteria to grow.

Dr. Kaufman also says peeing after you have sex, if you can, might be helpful if you tend to develop UTIs after sex. Theres not a ton of evidence to back this up as a prevention strategy, but it doesnt do any harm to make a habit of it. For people with vaginas that get recurrent infections that only happen after sex, your doctor may recommend a single dose of a prophylactic antibiotic that you can take each time you have sex to help prevent infection.4

What Is The Best Way To Prevent Kidney Infections

Although UTIs and kidney infections arenât 100 percent preventable, there are several things you can do to reduce your risk:

  • Regularly drink plenty of water to help flush your urinary tract. Cranberry juice can also help ward off UTIs.
  • Eat a high-fiber diet, as constipation can lead to kidney infections.
  • Perform pelvic exercises to help strengthen the bladder, which can prevent slow leaks that lead to bladder infections.
  • Donât âhold it.â Use the restroom as soon as you feel the need to urinate.
  • Avoid using spermicide-coated condoms or diaphragms and choose lubrication to prevent pain and tearing that can lead to UTIs.

If you think you may have a UTI or kidney infection, visit your nearest GoHealth Urgent Care, were a team of healthcare professionals who can help diagnose and treat your symptoms.

GoHealth Urgent Care partners with these regional healthcare providers:

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Can Kidney Infections Be Prevented

Kidney infections can be prevented by keeping bacteria out of the urinary tract and bladder. Infections in the kidney often start as a lower tract infection in the bladder. By preventing these infections, you may be able to prevent kidney infections.

There are several ways to avoid infection and keep your kidneys healthy. These tips can include:

  • Hydration: It is important to drink adequate fluid every day but there is no specific recommendation that applies to every patient.. The amount can change if you have certain medical conditions or live in a particularly hot climate. Talk to your healthcare provider about the recommended amount of water you need each day.
  • Urinate completely: When you need to urinate, empty your bladder completely. Holding in your urine can be harmful and can promote the growth of bacteria. Urinating every several hours can help to flush any bacteria out of your body, protecting it from an infection.
  • Urinate after having sex: Urinating after sex helps to remove any bacteria that may have gotten into the body. Men and women should both do this to prevent infections.
  • Practice good hygiene: Keeping yourself clean can help protect your body from infections. After a bowel movement, wipe from front to back to push bacteria away from the urethra . This is especially important for women.

How Do I Know If The Treatment Isnt Working

How do you check for kidney disease?

If the treatment isnt working, your symptoms will stay the same, get worse, or you will develop new symptoms. Call your doctor if you have a fever , chills, lower stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting. You should also call your doctor if, after taking medicine for 3 days, you still have a burning feeling when you urinate. If you are pregnant, you should also call your doctor if you have any contractions.

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Symptoms Of Kidney Infection

Kidney infection or pyelonephritis is a serious medical condition in which there is an infection of one or both the kidneys. If you have a kidney infection you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Pain is generally felt in the sides of the trunk or anywhere between the middle or upper back. The pain is mostly felt under the ribs and depending on the involvement of one or both the kidneys, the pain may be felt on one side or both sides of the body. Kidney pain may also be felt in areas, such as the belly or groin.
  • Fever that is generally high-grade and may be associated with chills
  • Kidney ultrasound or USG
  • Computed Tomography scan
  • Voiding cystourethrogram or VCUG
  • Dimercaptosuccinic acid or DMSA scintigraphy
  • Is It A Kidney Infection Or Something Else

    Your symptoms could also result from another common illness. Some similar conditions you may mistake for a kidney infection include:

    • Other UTIs. Other types of UTIs, such as those affecting the urethra and bladder, can also cause symptoms like urgent and painful urination, abdominal pain, and urine thats cloudy, foul-smelling, or bloody.
    • Kidney stones.Kidney stones are hard deposits of materials like calcium or uric acid that form in the kidneys. When they become lodged in the kidneys, they can cause pain in the abdomen, side, or back, as well as nausea and vomiting.
    • Lower back pain. If low back pain is your primary symptom, you may have a condition thats affecting your lower back. Examples include injuries, degenerative disc disease, and nerve compression.
    • Pregnancy. Symptoms like frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, and abdominal cramping can all be early signs of pregnancy.

    Its always a good rule of thumb to seek medical attention if you experience any new or concerning symptoms. A healthcare professional can work with you to determine what may be causing them.

    Heres an idea of what you can expect when you seek care for a possible kidney infection.

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    What Is Kidney Infection

    Infection in the urinary tract can involve the lower tract especially the bladder , prostate or the upper tract and kidney . It is usually a bacterial infection. The disease occurs in roughly three to seven of every 10,000 people in the United States. The occurrence in pregnant women is about 2 percent. It is readily treatable if diagnosed early.

    A bacteria called Escherichia Coli causes about 90 percent of kidney infections. The bacteria migrate from the genitals through the urethra into the bladder and up the tubes that connect the bladder to the kidneys.

    Some bacteria, such as staphylococcus infections, can enter the kidneys from the bloodstream.

    When Should I Go To The Doctor

    Kidney Infection During Pregnancy

    A kidney infection can develop quite quickly over a few hours or days, so dont wait to see the doctor. Any of the above symptoms of a UTI or kidney infection should trigger a visit to your doctor for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.

    A doctor will analyze a sample of your urine. If you test positive for a kidney infection, youll be prescribed oral antibiotics and, in some cases, a medication that helps relieve pain with urination. If treated promptly, a kidney infection shouldnt cause serious harm.

    If you experience a fever over 101°F, pain, are unable to drink or take oral medication along with some of the other symptoms, get to the nearest urgent care or ER. For more serious infections, your doctor may keep you in the hospital for observation with IV antibiotics followed by outpatient oral antibiotics.

    After completing the full course of prescribed antibiotics, you should feel better. If you dont, talk to your doctor, as you may need another course of antibiotics.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of A Kidney Infection

    Symptoms of a kidney infection include:

    • Pain in your lower back, one or both sides or your groin
    • Urinating more often than normal
    • Feeling like you have to urinate even if you just went
    • Pain or burning when urinating
    • Blood or pus in your urine
    • Urine that is cloudy or smells bad

    If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your doctor right away. If you are currently taking medicine to treat a UTI, but you are still having any of these symptoms, contact your doctor.

    How Do The Kidneys Become Infected

    Acute kidney infections are typically caused by bacteria that has gotten into the urethra and traveled up through the bladder and ureters . Some medical conditions such as bladder dysfunction, bladder obstruction, neurogenic bladder or vesicoureteral reflux along with conditions that require the use of catheters can also increase the chances of kidney infection and damage.

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    Who’s Most Likely To Get A Kidney Infection

    Women and children are most at risk of developing a kidney infection, as well as other urinary tract infections such as cystitis.

    Other factors can also put you more at risk of developing a kidney infection, including:

    • having a condition that blocks, or obstructs, your urinary tract, such as kidney stones or an enlarged prostate children with constipation can also be at an increased risk
    • being born with an abnormality in your urinary tract
    • having a condition that prevents you emptying your bladder fully, such as an injury to your spinal cord this can allow bacteria in your bladder to multiply and spread
    • having a weakened immune system for example, due to type 2 diabetes or as a side effect of chemotherapy
    • having an infection of the prostate gland called prostatitis the infection can spread from the prostate gland into the kidneys
    • having a urinary catheter
    • being female and sexually active sexual intercourse can irritate the urethra and allow bacteria to travel into your bladder
    • being pregnant this can cause physical changes that slow the flow of urine out of your body and make it easier for bacteria to spread to the kidneys
    • having undergone female genital mutilation an illegal practice where a woman’s genitals are deliberately cut or changed for cultural, religious and social reasons

    When Will I Begin To Feel Better

    UTI – Bladder and kidney infections

    Once you start treatment, you should start to feel better in a few days.

    Can I have sex while being treated for a kidney infection?After you have started treatment and your symptoms have gone away, it is usually safe to have sex. Remember to urinate after sex to avoid getting more bacteria in your urinary tract.

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    Causes Of Kidney Infection

    A kidney infection usually happens when bacteria, often a type called E. coli, get into the tube that carries urine out of your body .

    The bacteria travel up to your bladder, causing cystitis, and then up into your kidneys.

    E. coli bacteria normally live in your bowel, where they cause no harm.

    They can be transferred from your bottom to your genitals during sex or if youre not careful when wiping your bottom after going to the loo.

    A kidney infection can sometimes develop without a bladder infection. For example, if you have a problem with your kidney, such as kidney stones, or if you have diabetes or a weakened immune system.

    Treatment For Utis Vs Kidney Infection Treatment

    UTIs, including kidney infections, can be treated with a course of antibiotics. The type of antibiotic can depend on the type of bacteria thats causing your infection as well as how severe your infection is.

    The doctor will often start you on an antibiotic that works against a wide variety of UTI-causing bacteria. If a urine culture is performed, the doctor may switch your antibiotic to one thats most effective at treating the specific bacterium thats causing your infection.

    Simple UTIs can be treated with short 3- to 5-day courses of antibiotics. Treatment for kidney infections generally lasts 7 to 14 days, depending on which class of antibiotic is prescribed.

    You may begin to feel better after only a few days on antibiotics. However, you should still make sure that you complete your entire treatment course as prescribed. If you do not take all of your antibiotics, the stronger bacteria may not be killed, causing your infection to persist and flare up again.

    If youre pregnant, your doctor may also request a repeat urine sample following a kidney infection, even if your symptoms have resolved. This allows them to check to see whether your infection has completely cleared.

    If there are still bacteria present in the sample, you may need another course of antibiotics. Persistence of bacteria can potentially harm an unborn baby.

    People with severe kidney infections may need to be hospitalized. In this case, you may receive antibiotics and fluids intravenously.

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    Diagnosis Of Kidney Infections

    Besides discussing your medical history and symptoms, your doctor will do a physical exam and order some tests.

    Lab tests

    Your doctor will order a urinalysis to look for infection signs, such as high white blood cell count and bacteria. Your doctor may do a urine culture. Bacteria in urine is grown on a culture dish for about one to three days, and an expert can then see which type of bacteria is causing the infection.

    Imaging tests

    What Procedures And Tests Diagnose Kidney Infections In Men And Women

    Kidney Infection Vs Uti Diagnosis

    The most important test in diagnosing kidney infection is a urinalysis . Urinalysis is a test to analyze urine sample and evaluate for an infection in the urine. Urinalysis is done by collecting a clean catch, midstream urine in a sterile collection cup. The urine may be analyzed by the doctor in the office using or by analysis in a laboratory.

    Because urine is normally sterile, any finding suggesting an infection may be considered abnormal and supportive of a kidney infection.

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    Will A Uti Go Away On Its Own

    Urinary tract infections, also known as UTIs and bladder infections, are a common health issue, particularly for women, and can recur with frustrating frequency. We asked a urologist whether its safe to let a UTI run its course, or if antibiotics are always the best treatment.

    20-Feb-19·6 mins read

    When May My Child Need To Be Hospitalized For A Uti

    Your child may need to be hospitalized for the following reasons:

    • If theyre a young infant or child.
    • If they have a high fever.
    • If they have back pain.
    • If theyre dehydrated .
    • If he or she is unable to tolerate oral antibiotics.
    • When there is a concern that the infection has spread to their bloodstream.

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