Swollen Testicles And Stds
For men who are sexually active and suffer from swelling of both their testicles, there is a chance that they might be suffering from Chlamydia.
Swollen testicles caused by chlamydia sometimes show no symptoms at all in 50% of the men, but when it does, the symptoms include
- Rectal pain followed by bleeding or watery discharge
- Inflammation of the joints
- Pain while ejaculating or urinating
- Swelling of the scrotum
The condition can be treated easily by the use of antibiotics but if left unnoticed or untreated for long it can descend down to the urethras causing severe infection and excruciating pain during urination. From the urethra, the bacteria spread to the epididymis hence a major cause of infertility and difficulty while ejaculating in men.
Causes Of Swollen Testicles
It can be distressing to experience the sudden swelling of a testicle, particularly when there is pain. In some cases, this may be a sign of a serious medical situation. However, more often than not, it is related to a treatable medical condition.
There are severe common causes of testicular swelling a healthcare provider may explore during an evaluation.
How Do Doctors Diagnose Epididymitis
Your doctor may also perform the following tests and procedures:
- rectal examination, which can show if an enlarged prostate caused your condition
- blood tests, such as a complete blood count , to determine whether theres an infectious pathogen in your system
- urine sample, which can indicate if you have a urinary tract infection or an STI
Imaging tests may be done to rule out other conditions. These tests produce detailed images that allow your doctor to see structures in the body very clearly. Your doctor might order a testicular ultrasound to get images of the testicles and the surrounding tissues in the scrotum.
Treatment for epididymitis involves treating the underlying infection and easing symptoms.
Common treatments include:
- wearing an athletic cup for support
- avoiding lifting heavy objects
In cases of an STI, you and your partner should abstain from sexual intercourse until youve completed your course of antibiotics and are fully cured.
These methods are usually successful. It can sometimes take several weeks for the soreness or discomfort to go away completely. Most presentations of epididymitis clear up within 3 months. However, more invasive treatment may be necessary for some people.
If an abscess has formed on the testicles, your physician can drain the pus using a needle
Sometimes, it isnt possible to prevent epididymitis. However, you can reduce your risk for infection with the following measures:
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Surgical procedures to remove the diseased prostate are usually necessary. Surgical procedures are not always necessary. If the disease is caused by bacterial infections, a doctor can treat the symptoms using alpha-blockers or surgery. Physical therapy, relaxation exercises, and warm baths are all recommended. A physician may also prescribe antibiotics to cure the infection. A bacterial infection can also cause a recurrence of the condition.
An enlarged prostate can be uncomfortable for both men and women. Some of the symptoms of an enlarged male reproductive organ include a weakened urine stream, urgent need to urinate, and urinary tract infections. BPH can also cause damage to the kidneys. A sudden inability to urinate can be life-threatening, as it can lead to bladder and kidney damage. Unfortunately, most men with enlarged prostrates put up with the symptoms for years before they seek treatment. However, many of the men with symptoms finally decide to go to a doctor for proper gynecological evaluation and to begin enlarged prostatic therapy.
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Do Swollen Testicles Cause Pain
Sometimes swollen testicles cause pain. Other times you may notice swelling in your scrotum without pain. It really depends on the cause of your swelling. You may feel pain if your swollen testicles are the result of conditions like trauma, testicular torsion or infection. Other causes of scrotal swelling, like spermatocele, varicocele or testicular cancer, may not cause pain.
How Is Epididymitis Treated In A Child
Treatment will depend on your childs symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Epididymitis is almost always caused by a bacterial infection. Because of this, the most common treatment is antibiotic medicine. Your child’s healthcare provider may also prescribe pain medicine and anti-inflammatory medicine. Other steps to help relieve the pain include raising the scrotum and using ice. Bed rest may also help.
If your teen has an STD, make sure he tells any sexual partners who had contact within 60 days before symptoms. They need to be treated with medicine. A sexually active teen and his partner should not have sex until both have been treated and no longer have symptoms.
Talk with your childs healthcare providers about the risks, benefits, and possible side effects of all medicines.
What Causes Epididymitis In A Child
In younger boys, it can be caused by a urinary tract infection. The infection may be linked to a structural problem in the genitourinary system. In older boys and teens, itÃ¢s often caused by a sexually transmitted infection , which is also called a sexually transmitted disease . Its most often caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia. These are bacterial infections.
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What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
You may want to ask a healthcare provider:
- What caused orchitis?
- What is the best treatment for me?
- Are there any steps I can take to ease symptoms?
- Should I look out for signs of complications?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Orchitis causes swollen testicles and testicle pain. The condition often improves with at-home treatments. Some people need antibiotics to treat an STD or other infection. If an STD led to orchitis, you should notify your partners so they can get treatment, too. Your testicles may be swollen for a few months, although testicle pain should diminish. Your healthcare provider can offer suggestions for easing discomfort.
Advice For Sexual Partners
If an STI was the cause, you need to do the following things:
- Tell anyone you have had sex with in the past 3 months to get a sexual health check and treatment as a contact of epididymo-orchitis.
- Avoid sex for 2 weeks from the start of your treatment and until 1 week after your sexual contact/s have been treated. If this is not possible always use a condom, including for oral sex, until your treatment and your sexual contact/s treatment has been completed.
- Have another sexual health check in 3 months in case you get the infection again.
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What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider
If youve been diagnosed with epididymitis, youll want to learn all you can about your outlook and treatment options. Here are some questions you may want to ask your healthcare provider:
- What kind of antibiotics do you recommend?
- Do I need any further testing?
- How long will it take before I feel better?
- How long do I need to abstain from masturbation or sex?
- Should my partner be tested for STDs?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Epididymitis is inflammation of your epididymis, a tube at the back of your testicle that carries sperm. It can be quite painful and interfere with your everyday life. With proper treatment, the infection will go away and your symptoms will improve. Its important to take all medications exactly as prescribed and follow your healthcare providers recommendations to ensure a comfortable and successful recovery.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/18/2022.
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How To Treat Swollen Testicles
The treatment of swollen testicles varies based on the underlying cause. Some causes may not require any treatment, such as uncomplicated cases of varicocele or hydrocele, which often resolve on their own. Others, like inguinal hernia, may benefit from a watch-and-wait approach, while others still require aggressive medical intervention.
Key Takeaways: Testicular Swelling Causes
There are many possible causes for swollen testicles. Yet, from a hydrocele to testicular torsion, the severity and symptoms of each individual problem will differ dramatically. Knowing what sort of swelling you are experiencing is essential for effective treatment.
As such, if you are experiencing testicular or scrotal swelling, seek medical advice. Swelling of the testicles is not something you want to be managing alone.
Swollen Testicles In Toddler
Scrotal or testicular swelling is very common among toddlers and a young boy. It is usually divided into two types of swellings, painful and painless.
Painless Testicular Swelling
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Symptomatic treatment of an enlarged prostate usually involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables may be the best option if you suffer from chronic urination. It will help the body adjust to the increased size of the prostate. Also, taking regular urination intervals will help retrain the bladder to function properly. Inactivity also contributes to urine retention, and cold temperatures can increase the urge to urinate.
Invasive treatment of enlarged prostate includes medication that relieves the pressure on the urethra and bladder. However, if the condition is severe, it may require surgical intervention. If treatment is not successful, the enlarged prostate can become a potentially life-threatening disease. As the hormone levels in the body change, the enlarged prostate can lead to various complications, including urinary retention and even cancer. This is why it is critical to see a doctor for further evaluation.
Signs Of Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer typically causes a hard, painless tumor on the front or side of the testicle. The testicle may feel firmer than usual. A person may also have abnormal breast enlargement or feel a dull ache or pain in the lower abdomen or scrotum.
Based on the initial findings, a healthcare provider will order different tests and procedures, including:
- Complete blood count : This is a panel of blood tests that can detect signs of infection or inflammation.
- Urinalysis: This is an evaluation of your urine to help identify UTIs, the presence of blood, and other abnormalities.
- Scrotal ultrasound: This is a noninvasive test that uses sound waves to image structures and abnormalities within the scrotum.
- Transillumination: This involves the use of a bright light to illuminate structures within the scrotum. It can differentiate a benign cyst from a possibly cancerous tumor.
- STI screen: Typically with epididymitis, the healthcare provider will want to screen for gonorrhea and chlamydia.
- Tumor marker blood tests: If cancer is suspected, there are blood tests that can detect substances called tumor markers that are elevated when cancer is present.
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Diagnosis Of Testicle Swelling
Your doctor will need to know all of the symptoms you have been experiencing, and when they appeared. They will conduct a physical examination to look for lumps and to determine if one or both testicles are affected.
Your doctor will need to know what you were doing before you noticed the swelling as well as your medical and family histories. Additional testing can include:
A scrotal scan to look at the tissues and to identify any abnormalities in the testicles or scrotum. These scans may identify the presence of tumors as well.
An ultrasound will also help the doctor determine if the swelling is caused by testicular torsion. This happens when the testicle becomes twisted and is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
A rectal examination to check for prostate infections
Urine samples to test for sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea
Blood tests to test for infections like HIV and syphilis
Treatment Options For Scrotal Swelling
Treatment options for scrotal swelling depend on the cause. If an infection caused the swelling, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection. If oral antibiotics dont work, you may have to receive intramuscular antibiotics or be hospitalized for IV antibiotics.
Treatment of an underlying medical condition that is linked to your symptoms is important in your recovery. Your doctor can prescribe medications to help you manage your pain and may recommend a supportive garment to ease pain and swelling. Surgery may be necessary to correct the condition if the underlying cause is varicocele, hernia, or hydrocele.
Testicular cancer has several treatment options, which will depend on the severity of the cancer. Whether the cancer has spread and how long it went undetected will determine your treatment, which normally consists of the following:
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Everything You Need To Know About Testicular Infections
The testicles are a vital part of the male reproductive system because they are the glands that testosterone and sperms are produced in. The testicles are usually contained in a sheath called the scrotum which hangs out of the body. The scrotum lacks any bone that can protect it from injury but hangs outside of the body to maintain the optimum temperature that the sperm cells need to survive.
Urinal tract infection in males is usually not a very common phenomenon but there are instances where men may suffer an infection of their testicles that can adversely affect their health and fertility. Infections that affect the testicles consist of a number of disorders in which testicular pain is usually the main symptom.
Urinary Tract Infection In Men
Approved by: Maulik P. Purohit MD, MPH
Urinary Tract Infection is generally caused by a microbe, such as bacteria. Men are at a decreased risk of developing a UTI than women, because of the anatomical structure of the male urinary system. The infection can occur more frequently with increasing age, due to a blockage in the urinary tract, having a bladder catheter, or with a decreased immune system.
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Swollen Testicles And Blood In Urine And Causes
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What Are The Symptoms Of Epididymitis
Symptoms of epididymitis are noticeable typically within 24 hours of contracting the infection. The first sign of inflammation begins in the vas deferens, which is a small duct that transports sperm to the urethra. From here, the inflammation will spread to the epididymis itself. Because of the direction in which the inflammation spreads, the first sign of epididymitis is often abdominal or flank pain. Following this descent, the testicles will begin to swell.
The next noticeable symptom is often scrotal pain or swelling, and patients may see the scrotum enlarge to four times its size as the bacterial infection spreads. Other noticeable symptoms of testicular infection include:
- Pain or burning during urination
- Discharge from the urethra
- Fever and chills
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What Causes Swollen Or Painful Testicles
Scrotal swelling or pain could be caused by many things, including:
- an infection such as mumps and other causes. Epididymitis is one of the most common causes of scrotal pain in men
- a cyst fluid-filled sac that can feel like a small, hard lump when touched. Cysts are usually harmless
- testicular cancer
- testicular torsion. This happens when a testicle twists in the scrotum and cuts off the blood supply, and causes swelling. This is a medical emergency unless the condition is treated quickly, the testicle can die
- problems with the nerves, arteries or veins, such as a varicocele, which is a lumpy area caused by swollen veins in the testicles
Swollen testes are more common in children. See your doctor if your son has symptoms of a scrotal lump.
Baby boys can commonly experience a hydrocele, which is a sac filled with fluid around a testicle. It causes the scrotum to be swollen. This is usually harmless and goes away after a few months.
What Is The Best Way To Treat Epididymitis
If you suddenly have scrotal pain, go to the emergency room to rule out more serious issues like testicular torsion.
Epididymitis is treated with antibiotics. Which ones depends on whether you have an STD, urinary tract infection, or enlarged prostate. Finish all antibiotics to prevent the infection and symptoms from returning.
If you are diagnosed with an STD, make sure your sexual partner is tested and treated too.
Other symptoms can be relieved with over-the-counter or prescription pain medications and icing the area. You can also use scrotal support like supportive boxers.
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