What Happens If The Infection Spreads
There is little chance that a tooth infection will spread to other parts of the body. Patients that have any of the below symptoms should call our office right away. Infections that spread can be life threatening and should be taken seriously.
- Swelling around the face or mouth
Pain that does not subside
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How Long Do Antibiotics Take To Work
How long each antibiotic takes to work varies depending on many factors, such as the severity of the infection and how effectively the drug eliminates the infectious bacteria.
It is important for people to complete a full round of antibiotics, taking all of the prescribed medication exactly how the dentist says to take it.
Although a person may begin to notice their symptoms go away after a couple of doses, completing the full round of antibiotics helps prevent the infection from coming back or getting stronger.
According to research, the majority of acute infections resolve in
- performing a root canal
- extracting the tooth
Antibiotic treatment for a tooth infection is just one part of the solution. In reality, most tooth infections require work on the actual tooth itself to clear up completely.
There may also be some helpful practices a person can try at home to help ease symptoms, such as:
- gently rinsing the mouth with warm saltwater
- gently rinsing the mouth with baking soda in water
- avoiding very hot or very cold foods to prevent sensitivity
- chewing with the opposite side of the mouth to reduce additional injury to the area
- brushing with a very soft toothbrush around the sensitive area
- avoiding very sharp, hard-to-chew foods that may bump into the sensitive area or become stuck in the teeth
Adopting good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing each day and seeing a dentist for regular checkups, may help prevent tooth infections and their complications.
Are There Any Obvious Symptoms When A Cat Has A Tooth Root Abscess
Although humans know that abscessed teeth are very painful, cats with a tooth root abscess may not show any obvious outward signs of pain. Instead, your cat may be reluctant to chew on her toys or she might pull away when her head is touched. An observant owner may notice that their cat is only eating or chewing on one side of her mouth, or that she drops her food when chewing on the affected side.
“Your cat may be reluctant to chew on her toys or she might pull away when her head is touched.”
Some cats will also have bad breath while others may paw at the affected side of their face or rub their face along the ground. Cat owners may assume their cat simply has an itch, but it could be the sign of an abscessed tooth.
If the abscessed tooth is the upper fourth premolar the outward signs are often mistaken for some other problem such as an eye infection or a puncture wound. This is because these tooth roots lie just below the eye, and when they become abscessed the infection quickly spreads to the surrounding tissues. The tissue below the eye will usually become swollen and inflamed just before the abscess ruptures. If you look inside the cat’s mouth, there may be a swelling and redness on the oral soft tissue around the affected tooth.
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Potential Side Effects Of Cephalexin
Cephalexin can be an effective way to resolve a tooth infection. But, like any medication, it can result in unwanted side effects.
Possible side effects of cephalexin may include:
While theres no need to adhere to a special diet for cephalexin, you may want to adjust your food routine if you experience stomach problems while taking this medication.
Yogurt and other probiotic-rich foods may help soothe antibiotic-related GI troubles.If youre taking cephalexin, avoid drinking alcohol.
Alcohol can increase side effects of this antibiotic medication, including nausea, drowsiness, and dizziness.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Tooth Infection
If your tooth is infected, your pain may be:
- Gnawing or throbbing.
- Continuous or only when chewing.
- Radiating to the jawbone, neck or ear.
Other oral symptoms of infection include:
- Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures.
- Bitter taste in the mouth.
- Foul-smelling breath.
- Swollen area in the upper or lower jaw.
- Open, draining sore on the side of the gum.
In addition, you may experience more generalized symptoms like:
- General discomfort, uneasiness or ill feeling.
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What Happens If You Dont Treat Your Tooth Infection
Dental infections were once a common cause of death. Modern advancements in dentistry, improvements in oral health , and antibiotics have considerably improved the outlook for tooth infection patients.
If you suspect that you or someone you know has a tooth infection, seek dental care immediately. Most tooth infections do not resolve on their own and require medical intervention to treat properly.
Even if your abscess ruptures on its own, it may not empty completely, leaving bacteria to potentially develop into serious, sometimes life-threatening infections in other parts of your body. If your infection does resolve on its own, it is likely to recur unless the underlying gum or tooth disease is treated by your dentist.
Tooth Infection Treatment: Are Antibiotics The Best Option
A tooth infection, sometimes called a dental infection or a dental abscess, is a condition that occurs when bacteria enter a damaged tooth or the gums around it. The bacterial infection triggers an immune system response, which leads to swelling, inflammation, or pus, a thick fluid of dead tissue, bacteria, and white blood cells. If the condition progresses, pus can accumulate within the infected area, forming an abscess or pocket of pus near the affected tooth or teeth.
Dental infection symptoms vary according to the severity of the infection and may include throbbing or persistent tooth pain, fever, sensitivity to hot or cold food, bad breath, a discolored tooth, difficulty swallowing, or swelling in your jaw, neck, cheeks, or gums. Although modern dentistry and oral health practices have made most dental infections less concerning than they once were, the condition can become serious and even life-threatening if left untreated.
If you believe you have a tooth abscess, seek treatment right away. Some infections may require a procedure to drain pus, fill a cavity, or remove an infected tooth, and some, but not all, infections may benefit from antibiotics. In rare cases, severe infections may require intravenous antibiotics or surgery. Your dentist or healthcare professional may also recommend over-the-counter medications to help manage any pain.
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Removal Of Wisdom Teeth
X-rays will help to tell if wisdom teeth might cause problems. Some wisdom teeth do not cause problems and do not need to be taken out.
If your wisdom teeth do need to be taken out, you may be given a local anaesthetic so you wont feel it this is the most common pain relief option. Sometimes, however, if your wisdom teeth are deeply impacted , or for other medical reasons, you may be offered a general anaesthetic.
Because wisdom teeth are large, the hole where the tooth was may be stitched to help it heal. It is normal for your jaw and gum to be sore, swollen and bleed for a few days after having a wisdom tooth out. One possible complication of wisdom teeth removal is a dry socket , when the area where the tooth came from doesnt heal properly. Bad breath and severe pain from the socket are signs. A dry socket can be successfully treated by your oral health professional.
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Warnings Of Cephalexin And Amoxicillin
Patients with a penicillin allergy should not take amoxicillin. There is evidence to suggest that patients with a penicillin allergy may also have a cross-sensitivity to cephalosporins, including cephalexin. Caution should be used when prescribing cephalexin in penicillin-allergic patients with no prior use of cephalosporins.
Pseudomembranous colitis is a rare but serious condition. It involves the swelling and inflammation of the colon due to an overgrowth of clostridium difficile. Pseudomembranous colitis can occur with a variety of antibiotics, including cephalexin and amoxicillin.
Cephalexin and amoxicillin are renally excreted. Patients with decreased or impaired renal function must have their doses adjusted accordingly.
Cephalexin is considered pregnancy category B, meaning that animal studies have not shown any teratogenic effects. It is considered generally safe in pregnancy. Cephalexin crosses into breast milk but is generally considered safe while breastfeeding.
Amoxicillin is also considered pregnancy category B. It is considered generally safe in pregnancy. Amoxicillin crosses into breast milk but is also considered safe while breastfeeding.
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How Antibiotics Work And Why They Help With Tooth Infections
Bacteria are the most common life form on Earth . They are single-cell organisms and they are everywhere. For example, bacteria outweigh all of the plants and animals put together. Theyre in our soil, air and water. Bacteria are also able to survive and thrive in very tough environments like radioactive waste and hot springs.
They play a very important role in all aspects of life. Bacteria are the only organisms able to produce vitamin B12, which is essential to almost all animals. All plant life needs nitrates, which get converted from nitrogen by bacteria. Bacteria are in all of us as well, as part of our gut flora, they help us by making different vitamins and protecting us from pathogens, like fungi and other bacteria which invade the gut.
So most of them are harmless and necessary for sustaining life, but not all bacteria play the role of good guys. They can be harmful as well, capable of infecting all kinds of life forms, including humans. They are the cause of many diseases, like tuberculosis and tetanus. Most food poisonings are caused by bacteria, as well as all tooth decay.
Whats The Best Way To Take Care Of Wisdom Teeth
Follow your doctors orders. Have your wisdom tooth or teeth removed if your dentist thinks its best. If your dentist says they dont need to be extracted, take care of your wisdom teeth by following a good oral care regimen that includes brushing and cleaning between your teeth at least twice a day.
Wisdom teeth dont automatically need to go. If they come in straight and have room, they are good to have. If you have a wisdom tooth that is infected or impacted, an extraction is necessary. If youre wise , youll remember to keep up with regular dental checkups and professional cleanings.
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What Antibiotic Is Used For Tooth Infection
Antibiotics that are most common in use are:
- Penicillin class antibiotics
They are the most common antibiotic for tooth infection. They include penicillin and amoxicillin, to name a few. In the last decade they have been prescribed less and less. Because of overuse many strains of bacteria have become resistant to it, lowering its efficiency to treat infections. To boost effectiveness your dentist might prescribe clavulanic acid alongside amoxicillin. Some people might be allergic to this class of antibiotics, having bad reactions to them, even going into anaphylactic shock, so make sure to let your dentist know if you have issues with them.
Its used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. Its becoming the first choice for many dental infections due to its cost, availability, as well as its effectiveness thanks to bacteria having low resistance to it, especially when compared to penicillin.
Also used on a wide range of bacterial infections because it stops the growth of bacteria. Its effective in recurring infections. Its also prescribed to patients allergic to penicillin.
It belongs to a group of antibiotics called cephalosporins. They work by stopping from forming their bacterial wall. It has been proven effective against root canal infections.
Best Antibiotics For Dental Abscesses
Antibiotics alone do not cure dental abscesses. They are taken after the root canal or extraction procedure to help clear up the infection.
Commonly prescribed antibiotics for dental abscesses include amoxicillin and penicillin. Other antibiotics prescribed to people with tooth abscesses include:
- Ticarcillin and clavulanate
The course of treatment for most antibiotics is 10 to 14 days. They must be taken for the entire course of treatment, even if your symptoms go away.
Most people experience relief after about 48 hours on an antibiotic. Significant improvement occurs within three to five days.
Keep in mind that antibiotics help reduce dental infections but do not eliminate them. The only way to get rid of a tooth abscess infection is to remove the nerve or extract the abscessed tooth.
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Drug Interactions Of Cephalexin Vs Amoxicillin
Cephalexin may increase the serum concentrations of the common antidiabetic agent metformin. Most courses of cephalexin are a short duration, so the drugs may be used concurrently as long as the patient is monitored.
Amoxicillin may interfere with the serum concentrations of important immunosuppressants. Serum concentrations of methotrexate have been shown to be increased with concurrent use with amoxicillin, while mycophenolate concentrations may be decreased. These immunosuppressant drugs are used in patients with serious conditions, and therefore patients who require the use of amoxicillin while on these drugs should be monitored closely.
Probenecid, when given with cephalexin or amoxicillin, may increase the serum concentrations of either antibiotic. While the use of both at the same time is not contraindicated, patients should be monitored.
What Is The Most Common Antibiotic Used In Dentistry
Penicillins in general were discovered to be the most generally recommended antibiotics by dentists43 the most popular antibiotic was amoxicillin 7, followed by penicillin V10, metronidazole, and the combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid44. There are many different types of penicillins that vary in their effectiveness against certain bacteria. Some examples include: benzathine-penicillin, which is recommended for treatment of syphilis phenoxymethyl-penicillin, which is recommended for prevention of rheumatic fever 45 and probenecid cephalosporin, which is considered an allergy drug because it contains elements of both antibiotics.
Tetracyclines were found to be the second most commonly prescribed group of antibiotics by dentists46. They work by stopping the growth of bacteria, preventing them from producing more toxins, and killing any already produced47. The most common tetracycline used in dentistry is doxycycline48. It can be taken daily to treat bacterial infections associated with your teeth, mouth, or gums or take it twice a week for prevention if you are at risk for developing diabetes or heart problems49.
Macrolides such as erythromycin are used to treat infections caused by gram-positive bacteria such as streptococci, enterococci, and staphylococci50.
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What Is A Root Canal
A root canal is an endodontic treatment that extracts theinner layer of your tooth called the pulp. Your tooth is sterilized and sealedbefore a custom-made crown is bonded over it. Although they have a bad reputationfor being painful, new advancements in dentistry make them no worse than adental filling.
Dont wait until its too late to save your tooth. Contactyour dentist for immediate care.
About Exceptional Dentistry & Sedation Center
Are you asking, where is an emergency dentist near me?Look no further. Our team of dentists provides the exceptional dental care you deserveusing advanced services, like root canal therapy. If youre nervous about thetreatment, we offer sedation dentistry. If you have an infected tooth, contact our officetoday for an appointment.
Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes
Patients with a dental abscess usually present with oral cavity pain, fever and difficulty chewing. Healthcare workers outside the dental profession including nurse practitioners should promptly refer these patients to an oral surgeon. Besides antibiotics, most patients also require an initial drainage procedure, to be followed for a formal dental procedure at a later date. For those patients who seek care promptly, the prognosis is good. But any delay in treatment can lead to worsening of the problem and even loss of the tooth.
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How Is A Tooth Infection Treated
Treatment options for a tooth infection include:
- Drainage. A dentist will make a small incision in your gums to drain the abscess. However, this is typically used as a temporary measure, and further treatments are often needed.
- Root canal. During a root canal, the infected pulp is removed from the tooth. The inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and filled. A crown is then placed to help restore the tooth.
- Tooth extraction. In situations when an infected tooth cannot be saved through a root canal, it may be extracted instead.
- Antibiotics.Antibiotics are drugs that can kill bacteria. Theyre sometimes used to treat tooth infections. Depending on the severity of your infection, you may receive oral antibiotics or intravenous antibiotics. Your tooth will also need a root canal or extraction along with the antibiotics.
When To See A Doctor
A person should see their dentist at the first sign of a tooth infection. Early treatment will help prevent the infection from spreading into other tissues.
A tooth infection that has spread is a medical emergency. Such infections can quickly become widespread and severe. Systemic infections can be life threatening.
A person should contact a dentist for an emergency appointment as soon as possible. If there are no dentists available, a person should visit the emergency department of their nearest hospital.
A dentist or doctor will provide treatments to target the infection and stop it from spreading further.
The type of treatment that a person receives for a tooth infection will depend on several factors, including:
- the initial location of the abscess
- whether, and to what extent, the infection has spread
- the extent of the immune systems reaction to the infection
Possible treatments for a tooth infection include those below.
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