Tuesday, February 27, 2024

What Urinary Tract Infection Antibiotics

Must read

How Long Do Utis Last

Antibiotic Awareness: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Cystitis or Bladder Infection

With antibiotic treatment, symptoms of a UTI typically improve within 2 to 4 days.

But this can vary depending on many factors, including how quickly you receive treatment, the severity of your infection, and whether or not any complications arise.

Keep in mind that the course of antibiotics should be completed for UTI symptoms to completely resolve and prevent recurrent infections.

What Is The Prognosis For A Person With A Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infections typically respond very well to treatment. A UTI can be uncomfortable before you start treatment, but once your healthcare provider identifies the type of bacteria and prescribes the right antibiotic medication, your symptoms should improve quickly. Its important to keep taking your medication for the entire amount of time your healthcare provider prescribed. If you have frequent UTIs or if your symptoms arent improving, your provider may test to see if its an antibiotic-resistant infection. These are more complicated infections to treat and may require intravenous antibiotics or alternative treatments.

What Oral Antibiotics Are Used To Treat An Uncomplicated Uti In Women

The following oral antibiotics are commonly used to treat most uncomplicated UTI infections :

Your doctor will choose your antibiotic based on your history, type of UTI, local resistance patterns, and cost considerations. First-line options are usually selected from nitrofurantoin, fosfomycin and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. Amoxicillin/clavulanate and certain cephalosporins, for example cefpodoxime, cefdinir, or cefaclor may be appropriate options when first-line options cannot be used.

Length of treatment for cystitis can range from a single, one-time dose, to a course of medication over 5 to 7 days. Kidney infections may require injectable treatment, hospitalization, as well as a longer course of antibiotic, depending upon severity of the infection.

Sometimes a UTI can be self-limiting in women, meaning that the body can fight the infection without antibiotics however, most uncomplicated UTI cases can be treated quickly with a short course of oral antibiotics. Never use an antibiotic that has been prescribed for someone else.

In men with symptoms that do not suggest a complicated UTI, treatment can be the same as women. In men with complicated UTIs and/or symptoms of prostatitis are not present, men can be treated for 7 days with a fluoroquinolone . Tailor therapy once urine cultures are available.

Recommended Reading: Swollen Mouth From Tooth Infection

Whats Next When Uti Symptoms Linger After Antibiotics

If you have a UTI that isnt responding to antibiotic treatment, further testing will likely begin with a urine culture to analyze the bacteria causing the infection.

If another type of bacteria, fungi, or virus is responsible for your UTI, your doctor will prescribe a more appropriate treatment.

There are also some lifestyle changes that can help reduce the frequency of UTIs, as well as the severity of your symptoms.

Its important to note that these recommendations work best for UTIs, bladder infections, and kidney infections, as these three conditions are treated similarly.

If youve been diagnosed with another underlying condition thats causing your symptoms, your treatment will likely be different.

research has suggested that UTI frequency may be linked to an increase in bladder cancer risk. However, the research on this is sparse.

But that doesnt mean there isnt a link between UTI-like symptoms and cancer. In fact, there are two types of cancer that can cause UTI-like symptoms: bladder cancer and prostate cancer.

If youre experiencing any of the symptoms listed below, talk to your doctor so a proper diagnosis can be made.

New Antibiotic Against Urinary Tract Infections

Can You Buy Urinary Tract Infection Antibiotics Over The Counter ...

Freelance writing of medical articles

Gepotidacin is a new type of antibiotic with a different mechanism of action. It is active against resistant strains of bacteria. The application for this drug will initially be for urinary tract infections . However, other applications for sexually transmitted diseases and for respiratory infections will likely follow. It is anticipated that the FDA will approve this new antibiotic in 2023 for UTIs.

Read Also: German Shepherd Ear Infection Home Remedies

Will I Need An Intravenous Antibiotic For A Uti

If you are pregnant, have a high fever, or cannot keep food and fluids down, your doctor may admit you to the hospital so you can have treatment with intravenous antibiotics for a complicated UTI. You may return home and continue with oral antibiotics when your infection starts to improve.

In areas with fluoroquinolone resistance exceeding 10%, in patients with more severe pyelonephritis, those with a complicated UTI who have allergies to fluoroquinolones, or are unable to tolerate the drug class, intravenous therapy with an agent such as ceftriaxone, or an aminoglycoside, such as gentamicin or tobramycin, may be appropriate. Your ongoing treatment should be based on susceptibility data received from the laboratory.

How To Use Ciprofloxacin Tablet

Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking ciprofloxacin and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medication may be taken with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice a day in the morning and evening.

Shake the container well for 15 seconds before pouring each dose. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Do not chew the contents of the suspension.

Do not use the suspension with feeding tubes because the suspension may clog the tube.

The dosage and length of treatment is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Take this medication at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after taking other products that may bind to it, decreasing its effectiveness. Ask your pharmacist about the other products you take. Some examples include: quinapril, sevelamer, sucralfate, vitamins/minerals , and products containing magnesium, aluminum, or calcium .

Ask your doctor or pharmacist about safely using nutritional supplements/replacements with this medication.

For the best effect, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times. To help you remember, take this medication at the same time every day.

Read Also: Three Stages Of Hiv Infection

What Causes A Uti

A UTI occurs when bacteria infect the urinary tract, causing irritation and inflammation. Most UTIs are caused by E. coli, a bacterium that normally resides in the gut but can get displaced from the rectum to the urethra after a bowel movement.

And after an infection takes hold in the urinary tract, it can then progress to the bladder and even the kidneys.

UTIs are more common in women than in men because a woman’s urethra is much shorter making it easier for bacteria to not only become relocated there but to move through and into the bladder as well.

To help prevent a UTI, always be sure to wipe from front to back never the other way around while using the restroom.

Do You Need To See A Doctor To Get Antibiotics For A Uti

Mayo Clinic Minute: Treating Urinary Tract Infections

You need to speak with your doctor or a licensed medical professional to be prescribed antibiotics for a UTI. This can usually be done in person, at the doctor, or over the phone.

If this is your first UTI or your symptoms are severe, it may be helpful to get treated in person. You may also want to consider an in-person visit with your healthcare professional to rule out sexually transmitted infections if you are sexually active or have multiple sexual partners.

Also Check: Can Amoxicillin Cure Sinus Infection

Concentration Dependent Killing Effect

Antibiotics are most effective when higher blood concentration is reached periodically. These bactericidal antibiotics are said to be concentration -dependent killing . In drugs whose killing action is CDK the extent and rate of killing increases with increase in drug concentration. Examples Amino glycosides, Fluroquinolones.

Condom Use During Sex

Non-lubricated latex condoms may increase friction and irritate the skin during sexual intercourse. This may increase the risk of a UTI.

But there are many reasons to use condoms. Theyre important for reducing the spread of sexually transmitted infections and preventing unwanted pregnancy.

To help prevent friction and skin irritation from condoms, be sure to use enough water-based lubricant during sex.

Avoid using condoms coated with spermicide.

Also Check: Will Benadryl Help With Yeast Infection Itching

Check If It’s A Urinary Tract Infection

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection may include:

  • pain or a burning sensation when peeing
  • needing to pee more often than usual during the night
  • pee that looks cloudy, dark or has a strong smell
  • needing to pee suddenly or more urgently than usual
  • needing to pee more often than usual
  • lower tummy pain or pain in your back, just under the ribs
  • a high temperature, or feeling hot and shivery
  • a very low temperature below 36C

An Ounce Of Prevention

Antibiotics for UTIs: What to Know (With images)

Unfortunately, most UTIs are not completely preventable, and are caused by differences in the structure or function of the urinary tract and immune system. But there are things you can do to keep healthy. For example, stay hydrated to increase urine production and flush out unwanted bacterial intruders. Good hygiene is also important, but scrubbing away at delicate genital tissues can damage them and create portals for bacteria. Clean your genital area gently with mild soap and water. Postmenopausal women may benefit from vaginal estrogen cream. Finally, eating cranberries and urinating after having sex havent been proven to have major benefits, but arent likely to hurt, either.

Follow me on Twitter@lisa_xpond

About the Author

Lisa Bebell, MD, Contributor

Don’t Miss: Is A Tooth Infection Bacterial

S To Help Prevent Utis

Drink water. Most healthy people should remain adequately hydrated which means drinking enough water to avoid thirst. If you have kidney failure, you should talk to your health care provider about how much to drink.

Dont hold it in. If urine stays in the bladder too long, infections are more likely. Try to urinate when you first feel the need.

Use good hygiene.

  • After a bowel movement, women should wipe from front to back, to avoid bringing bacteria into the urinary tract.
  • Both men and women should urinate after sex to flush out bacteria.

Use urinary catheters briefly, if at all.

  • Catheters are tubes put into the bladder to help with bladder control. They increase the risk of infection.
  • Some people in long-term care, such as nursing homes, have catheters. They can be helpful in specific bladder conditions such as urinary obstruction or for comfort near the end of life. In other cases, ask caregivers or your health care provider to manage bladder-control problems without a catheter.
  • If you are in the hospital with a urinary catheter, ask your health care provider if it can be removed as soon as Even a few days with a catheter increases the risk of infection.

How Long Should I Take Antibiotics

Your doctor will let you know. Typically, for an uncomplicated infection, you’ll take antibiotics for 2 to 3 days. Some people will need to take these medicines for up to 7 to 10 days.

For a complicated infection, you might need to take antibiotics for 14 days or more.

If you still have symptoms after completing antibiotics, a follow-up urine test can show whether the germs are gone. If you still have an infection, you’ll need to take antibiotics for a longer period of time.

If you get UTIs often, you may need a prolonged course of antibiotics. And if sex causes your UTIs, you’ll take a dose of the medicine right before you have sex. You can also take antibiotics whenever you get a new UTI if youâre having symptoms and a positive urine culture.

Recommended Reading: Can Acyclovir Help A Yeast Infection

Why Are They Not Helpful

Antibiotics are medicines that can kill bacteria. Health care providers often use antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections .

The main symptom of a UTI is a burning feeling when you urinate.

However, many older people get UTI treatment even though they do not have these symptoms. This can do more harm than good. Heres why:

Antibiotics usually dont help when there are no UTI symptoms.

Older people often have some bacteria in their urine. This does not mean they have a UTI. But health care providers may find the bacteria in a routine test and give antibiotics anyway.

The antibiotic does not help these patients.

  • It does not prevent UTIs.
  • It does not help bladder control.
  • It does not help memory problems or balance.

Most older people should not be tested or treated for a UTI unless they have UTI symptoms. And if you do have a UTI and get treated, you usually dont need another test to find out if you are cured. You should also not be tested just in case there is a UTI.

You should only get tested or treated if UTI symptoms come back.

Treatment Strategies For Recurrent Utis

Ask Dr. Nandi: Antibiotic-resistant urinary tract infections are on the rise

Recurrent urinary tract infections, defined as three or more UTIs within 12 months, or two or more occurrences within six months, is very common among women these but arent treated exactly the same as standalone UTIs. One of the reasons: Continued intermittent courses of antibiotics are associated with allergic reactions, organ toxicities, future infection with resistant organisms, and more.

Because of this, its strongly recommended that you receive both a urinalysis and urine culture from your healthcare provider prior to initiating treatment. Once the results are in, the American Urological Association suggests that healthcare professionals do the following:

  • Use first-line treatments. Nitrofurantoin, TMP-SMX, and fosfomycin are the initial go-tos. However, specific drug recommendations should be dependent on the local antibiogram. An antibiogram is a periodic summary of antimicrobial susceptibilities that helps track drug resistance trends.
  • Repeat testing. If UTI symptoms persist after antimicrobial therapy, clinicians should repeat the urinalysis, urine culture, and antibiotic susceptibility testing to help guide further management.
  • Try vaginal estrogen. For peri- and post-menopausal women with recurrent UTIs, vaginal estrogen therapy is recommended to reduce risk of future UTIs.

RELATED: The Link Between UTIs and Sex: Causes and How to Prevent Them

Don’t Miss: Does Second Hand Smoke Cause Ear Infections

Can You Treat An Antibiotic

Unfortunately, when dealing with antibiotic-resistant infections, treatment options are limited. And it can take decades for new antibiotics to get developed.

To treat antibiotic-resistant infections, healthcare providers will try to work around treatment barriers. That includes:

  • Prescribing another antibiotic thats not as effective: Depending on how many medications the bacteria is resistant to, providers can usually prescribe an alternative to the first-choice antibiotic, even if it isnt as effective.

  • Prescribing older antibiotics that have a high risk of side effects: Sometimes, providers have to dig into the arsenal of older antibiotics to find one that the bacteria isnt resistant to. But, oftentimes, these older medications come with a high risk of side effects or the risk of more severe side effects than newer antibiotics.

  • Providing supportive care: In a worst-case scenario, in which there isnt an effective alternative antibiotic, providers give supportive care to keep a persons body as close to its normal state as possible. In keeping the person stable, the hope is that the infection will eventually go away on its own.

Fortunately, there are still treatment options for most infections, even if those options are severely limited. Though, as the battle against superbugs continues, this may not always be the case.

First Are Antibiotics Necessary

Taking antibiotics should not be treated lightly, especially given the increased risk of developing multi-drug resistant bacteria like ESBL E.coli, for which we are running out of treatments.

  • While burning when you pee and the urge to urinate, are common UTI symptoms, they are not always indicative of a urinary tract infection.
  • Antibiotics alone are not as effective against mature bacterial biofilms.
  • An incomplete course or prophylactic antibiotics can actually promote the growth of bacterial biofilms.
  • Antioxidants, available in N-acetylcysteine supplements can increase the effectiveness of antibiotics and help you fight mature bacterial biofilms.
  • Natural supplements like D-Mannose can be effective at the first sign of a UTI and dont come with the extensive side effect profile of many antibiotics

Therefore, you and your physician should ensure that necessary testing is done before prescribing antibiotics. This includes analyzing accurate local antibiotic resistance data to make sure you get the best empirical antibiotics until more data is available.

Don’t Miss: Can Sinus Infection Heal On Its Own

Uncomplicated Cystitis In Nonpregnant Patients

Uncomplicated cystitis occurs in patients who have a normal, unobstructed genitourinary tract who have no history of recent instrumentation and whose symptoms are confined to the lower urinary tract. Uncomplicated cystitis is most common in young, sexually active women. Patients usually present with dysuria, urinary frequency, urinary urgency, and/or suprapubic pain. Treatment regimens for uncomplicated cystitis in nonpregnant women are provided in Table 1, below.

References
  • Gupta K, Hooton TM, Naber KG, et al. International clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women: A 2010 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Mar. 52:e103-20. . .

  • Wagenlehner FM, Schmiemann G, Hoyme U, Fünfstück R, Hummers-Pradier E, Kaase M, et al. . Urologe A. 2011 Feb. 50:153-69. . .

  • Abrahamian FM, Moran GJ, Talan DA. Urinary tract infections in the emergency department. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2008 Mar. 22:73-87, vi. .

  • Little P, Turner S, Rumsby K, Warner G, Moore M, Lowes JA, et al. Dipsticks and diagnostic algorithms in urinary tract infection: development and validation, randomised trial, economic analysis, observational cohort and qualitative study. Health Technol Assess. 2009 Mar. 13:iii-iv, ix-xi, 1-73. .

  • Foxman B. The epidemiology of urinary tract infection. Nat Rev Urol. 2010 Dec. 7:653-60. .

  • More articles

    Popular Articles