Wednesday, February 28, 2024

Life Span Of Hiv Infected Person

Must read

Aids Or Hiv Life Expectancy Without Medication

HIV and AIDS: Infection Stages, Pathology and Treatment, Animation

How long can you live with HIV or AIDS if you chose not to treat with ART combinations or other prescription drugs? In the absence of such therapy, a patient should expect to see a notable decrease in life expectancy.

In countries where health care and ARTs arent readily accessible, HIV rates are above 20 percent. Shorter HIV life expectancy in these regions, combined with a high incidence of AIDS in younger age groups, boosts their overall mortality rate.

Population studies proved that AIDS patients who did not take HIV medications survived for roughly three years. Once they developed a dangerous opportunistic illness, life expectancy with AIDS decreased to one year or less.

Thats why HIV and AIDS remain a serious threat to public health, and why early detection is absolutely critical to long-term survival.

Complementary And Alternative Medicines

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapies is a broad term that refers to any therapy outside the standard Western model. The majority of PHA who use CAMT do so to gain the benefits of both CAMT and conventional medicine. Complementary medicines are used in combination with antiretroviral medications, either to alleviate symptoms of HIV and AIDS, to relieve treatment side effects, and/or to generally improve quality of life. At this time, the vast majority of CAMT costs are not covered by public health care plans in Canada, although some PHA may access some forms of CAMT through private health insurance.

Examples of CAMT include affirmations and visualization, acupuncture, aromatherapy, ayurvedic, herbal medicine, homeopathy, massage and touch therapies, meditation, North American Aboriginal healing traditions, naturopathy, traditional Chinese medicine, and yoga. PHA may use CAMT to increase energy levels, strengthen spiritual health, relieve chronic pain, relieve nausea, help recover from drug toxicity, relieve stress and increase coping capacity. For others, use of CAMT is part of a way of life. APHA often describe combining Aboriginal healing practices with Western therapies in their holistic approach to health management.

Overview

The outlook for people living with HIV has significantly improved over the past two decades. Many people who are HIV-positive can now live much longer, healthier lives when regularly taking antiretroviral treatment.

Hiv Life Expectancy: How Long Can You Live With Hiv Or Aids

The most frequently asked question for HIV-positive patients is how long can you live with HIV? Fortunately, the answer is far more promising than it was 20 years ago. Join Flo as we discuss how advancements in medical technology have altered the prognosis for those living with HIV or AIDS.

A national database containing statistics from 25 states shows that the average HIV life expectancy has more than doubled between 1996 and 2005. The bump from 10.5 to 22.5 years after diagnosis can be attributed to vast improvements in drug therapy and related approaches. However, experts still say this is only an average, and plenty of other circumstances must be taken into account regarding HIV life expectancy.

Don’t Miss: Blood Test For H Pylori Infection

Study Design And Participants

In a retrospective observational cohort study, we used data from the government-run Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital , Kathmandu District. This hospital has the largest ART centre in Nepal and is part of the National Centre for AIDS and STD Control, which develops policies and strategies related to HIV/AIDS and develops ART within the country. The national ART programme in Nepal comprises bimonthly follow-up visits from the medical team in support of ART treatment, the treatment of comorbidities, and estimation of the CD4 cell count every 6 months, viral load measurement 1 year after the initiation of ART, and other care and support. Demographic and clinical records on ART enrolment and vital or mortality records during follow-up sessions were obtained from electronic records, the ART register and individual chart records. People from around the country come to this centre for HIV diagnosis, care, support and treatment services. This centre has provided multidisciplinary services related to HIV/AIDS since 2004 and started recording data prospectively that year.

In this study, we included a total of 3191 eligible HIV-infected adults who received ART between 2 February 2004 and 29 March 2015 who had a record of follow-ups and who were aged 15 years or older at enrolment into ART. All the people who tested HIV-positive were monitored through their subsequent registration in the pre-ART register, ART register and individual chart records.

What Are The Stages & Symptoms Of Hiv

A project to improve the quality of life of people infected with or ...

First Stage of HIV: If you are suffering from HIV since 2 to 6 weeks, then it is known as primary HIV infection or acute retroviral syndrome. Symptoms of first stage HIV subside in 1 to 2 weeks and consist of:

  • Swollen lymph nodes.

Second Stage of HIV: In this stage, the immune system deteriorates. Doctors name this stage as clinical latent period or asymptomatic. Although this is the acute stage in HIV, still people tend to ignore the symptoms found in the second stage, as they hardly notice any change in their body. People, who are in second stage of HIV, may live up to 10 years or more.

Third Stage of HIV: Third and last stage of HIV is AIDS. This stage comes when CD4 in the patient drops below 200. Even in the third stage, people hardly notice the presence of HIV or AIDS in their body, and hence do not consider it important to consult an expert doctor, thus putting their lives in danger. Symptoms of third stage HIV are:

  • Severe and long lasting diarrhea.
  • Yeast infection in your mouth and throat.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

People, who are at last stage of HIV AIDS, may live up to three years. In other case, if the patient fails to notice the symptoms, and does not consult the doctor at the right time, then the life expectancy may be lesser than 3 years.

Don’t Miss: Hiv Aids Sexually Transmitted Infections

Health Issues And Aging With Hiv

People aging with HIV share many of the same health concerns as the general population aged 50 and older: multiple chronic diseases or conditions, the use of multiple medications, changes in physical and cognitive abilities, and increased vulnerability to stressors. In addition, while effective HIV treatment has decreased the likelihood of AIDS-defining illnesses among people aging with HIV, many HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions occur frequently in older persons with HIV, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, renal disease, and cancer. These conditions are likely related to a number of interacting factors, including chronic inflammation caused by HIV. Researchers are working to better understand what causes chronic inflammation, even when people are being treated with ART.

HIV and its treatment can also have effects on the brain. Researchers estimate that between 25 and 50% of people with HIV have HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder , a spectrum of cognitive, motor, and/or mood disorders categorized into three levels: asymptomatic, mild, and HIV-associated dementia. Researchers are studying how HIV and its treatment affect the brain, including the effects on older people living with HIV.

HIV Long-Term Survivors Awareness Day

Life Expectancy With Hiv Nears Normal With Treatment

May 11, 2017 / 12:07 PM / HealthDay

Young adults with HIV who get treatment are living longer in North America and Europe, a new study finds.

In fact, a 20-year-old with HIV who began antiretroviral treatment in 2008 or later and had a low viral load after a year of treatment has a life expectancy that’s close to that of the general population — around 78 years old, the study found.

But life expectancy for people with HIV mostly remains lower than that of the general population, according to the study published in The Lancet HIV.

The researchers said their findings could help reduce stigmatization of people with HIV and help them get jobs and medical insurance. The study should also encourage newly diagnosed HIV patients to begin treatment as soon as possible and stick with it.

“Our research illustrates a success story of how improved HIV treatments coupled with screening, prevention and treatment of health problems associated with HIV infection can extend the life span of people diagnosed with HIV,” said study lead author Adam Trickey, from the University of Bristol in England.

“However, further efforts are needed if life expectancy is to match that of the general population,” he said in a journal news release.

Despite this progress, Katz noted, there are still small but persistent gaps in the life span between HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals.

Recommended Reading: Bentonite Clay For Tooth Infection

What Is Life Expectancy

LE is an important indicator of health that is used widely by governments, healthcare agencies, and insurance companies to monitor trends in survival over time, and to determine resource allocation . Formally, LE indicates the average number of years that a person would be expected to survive beyond a given age. That given age would usually be birth however, in the context of HIV, the given age may be difficult to interpret as, in most cases, individuals are not born with HIV but acquire it at some point during their life. Thus, LE is commonly quoted from a specific given age or after some specific event, such as HIV diagnosis . Of note, LE at a particular age is not the same as LE at birth minus that age, as LE at a particular age is calculated after conditioning on the fact that the individual has already survived to that age.

Table 1 Estimates of LE reported in the cART era

Study Construction: A : 10 Comparison Of Americans Receiving Health Care

How the HIV Infection Cycle Works – Animated microbiology

In total, 39,000 HIV-positive Kaiser Permanente members age 21 or older were matched with 387,767 HIV-negative members of similar age, sex, and race. The average age of the entire cohort was 41 although there was racial diversity , participants were mostly male , and no data were available regarding transgender identification. Risk demographics loosely resembled those of the current U.S. epidemic, with 70% of the cohort identifying as men who have sex with men, 20% as heterosexual, and 8% as people who inject drugs.

In analyzing morbidity and mortality data, Marcus et al sought to answer two questions:

  • Has overall life expectancy improved for people living with HIV since the late 2000s, when HIV status reduced lifespan by an average of 13 years?
  • How many years of an HIV-positive persons life can be considered healthyi.e., free of major comorbiditiesrelative to HIV-negative people?
  • Recommended Reading: Best Way To Get Rid Of Yeast Infection Fast

    What The Current Research Says

    At the time of the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in 1996, the average life expectancy of a 20-year-old newly infected with HIV was 10 years. With a new generation of drugs that are not only safer but more effective, those numbers have leaped significantly.

    According to research from the longstanding North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design , a 20-year-old started on HIV therapy today can expect to live into their early 70s.

    With the life expectancy of the general U.S. population hovering around 77 years, this means that people treated early for HIV can enjoy near-normal life expectancies. Some can expect to do much better.

    Life Expectancy With Hiv: How Long Can Someone Live With Hiv

    The research on HIV, its symptoms and causes has been done since years, and the same is in continuation. As of now there is no cure for HIV or AIDS, but there are medications and treatment which can make the remaining life of the patient easier, and extend the duration of the patients life. As, HIV can be distinguished or categorized in three different stages, the life expectancy for different stage is different and also depends upon the infected percentage of your immune system.

    As per the statistics reported from 1996-1997, an HIV positive person has a life expectancy of almost 19 years, say if the person has been found infected at the age of 20, he shall live further till he is 39-40 years old. However, there has been an immense inclination found in life expectancy since then, and as reported in the year 2011, the increased life span of 19 years was found to extend up to 53 years, where supposedly if a person is found HIV positive at the age of 20, he can live as long as 73-74 years old.

    A HIV positive woman has lesser life expectancy than men, but with the advanced treatment methods, the life expectancy in the current scenario has been increased, where initially it was reported to be around 38 years old and now has been found to extend up to 49 years old. The increase in the life expectancy of a person with HIV has increased thanks to the advanced medicines and treating methods.

    You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Tooth Infection Naturally

    Comorbidities And Healthy Aging

    Because modern-day HIV medications are highly effective and well-tolerated, interventions that improve the life expectancies of people living with HIV will need to address other health conditions that may affect people living with HIV at a disproportionate rate or more severely.

    Improving the health of people growing older with HIV is a critical priority, said Harris, Rabkin and El-Sadr, in an editorial published in AIDS. Older adults living with HIV may experience more severe side effects of antiretroviral medications, higher risk of kidney disease, declines in bone mineral density, peripheral neuropathy and cardiovascular disease. An estimated 6.9 million people living with HIV will be over age 50 by the year 2020.

    The greying of the epidemic raises important questions regarding understanding the effect of aging on people living with HIV, the effect of HIV infection on the aging process, and optimal approaches to HIV prevention among older adults, said Harris and colleagues.

    Harris, T. G., Rabkin, M. and El-Sadrr, W. M. Achieving the fourth 90: healthy aging for people living with HIV. AIDS, 2018.

    Can We Improve Le Further

    Keloid After Herpes Zoster in an HIV

    Late HIV diagnosis remains extremely common in many countries , and has been reported to be a major risk factor for mortality . In Brazil, it was estimated that 95.5% of deaths occurring in the first year after diagnosis were attributable to late diagnosis study investigators estimated that averting late diagnosis would have reduced the AIDS mortality rate 2003 to 2006 by 39.5%, a similar reduction to that produced by cART. In the UK, earlier diagnosis would have reduced short-term mortality by 84% in MSM and by 56% in those infected heterosexually . Using the HIV Synthesis model, a stochastic computer simulation model of HIV progression, Nakagawa showed that LE from birth was 71.5 years, with 10.5 years lost to HIV infection, in a scenario in which diagnosis occurred at a late stage of HIV infection , but under a scenario of earlier diagnosis , LE from birth was 75.0 years, with only 7.0 years lost, on average, due to HIV. Thus, earlier diagnosis of HIV might go some way to improve LE further.

    Recommended Reading: Is A Uti And Bladder Infection The Same

    Hiv Prognosis And Life Expectancy

    When human immunodeficiency virus first emerged in the United States in 1981, it very often developed into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and resulted in death. By 2000, the CDC reported that more than 774,000 Americans had been diagnosed with AIDS, and of those, approximately 57% died.

    Today, the prognosis for HIV has improved dramatically. Not only have total diagnoses and deaths from HIV declined sharply since 1994, but life expectancy for a person infected with HIV now extends to 70 years of age. Thats a remarkable improvement from the early days of HIV, when many men succumbed to the disease in their 30s. The prognosis for HIV today is more optimistic than ever, yet still the key to increasing HIV life expectancy lies in early medical intervention, compliance to the drug treatment plan, and positive lifestyle choices, including smoking cessation, safer sex, regular exercise, attending to other medical conditions, and good nutrition.

    How Is Life Expectancy Calculated

    Life expectancy is the average number of years that a person can expect to live.

    More precisely, it is the average number of years an individual of a given age is expected to live if current mortality rates continue to apply. It is an estimate that is calculated by looking at the current situation of a group of people and projecting that into the future.

    However, HIV is a relatively new disease and HIV treatment is a rapidly changing area of medicine. It is therefore hard to know whether our current experience will be an accurate guide to the future.

    At the moment, there are large numbers of people living with HIV in their twenties, thirties, forties, fifties and sixties. Current death rates are very low, resulting in encouraging figures for future life expectancy. But we have very little experience of people living with HIV in their seventies or eighties, so we know less about the impact HIV may have later in life.

    Also, health care for people with HIV is likely to get better in the future. People living with HIV will benefit from improved anti-HIV medications that have fewer side effects, are easier to take and are more effective in suppressing HIV. Doctors understanding of how best to prevent and treat heart disease, diabetes, cancers and other conditions in people with HIV is improving. This could mean that people actually live longer than our current estimates suggest.

    Recommended Reading: Can Urgent Care Check For Kidney Infection

    Predictors Of Le In The Cart Era: The Role Of Disease Stage

    Despite the dramatic improvements in LE witnessed since the introduction of cART, LE may still not have reached the levels seen in the uninfected population. Bhaskaran reported that even by 2003 to 2005, excess mortality rates in the CASCADE Collaboration remained elevated at 6.1 per 1000 PYRS, and in the ART-CC, potential years of life lost remained high over the period 2003 to 2005 . LE in patients starting cART in 2008 in the UK CHIC Study remained lower than that seen in the UK general population . Among women in the US Womens Interagency HIV Study , the SMR dropped from 24.7 in 1996 to a plateau of 10.3 during 2001 to 2003, despite the addition of a group of younger and healthier women into the cohort in 2001 to 2002 .

    Table 2 Summary of factors that may influence LE in people with HIV infection

    More articles

    Popular Articles