Conditions Treated By Cephalexin And Amoxicillin
Cephalexin has been shown to be active against a variety of bacterial organisms including Escherichia coli,Haemophilus influenzae , Klebsiella pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes. The sensitivity of these organisms allows cephalexin to also be effective in treating many common types of infections including upper respiratory infections such as sinusitis, pharyngitis, and tonsillitis. Amoxicillin is also effective against lower respiratory infections such as community-acquired pneumonia. Other uses of cephalexin include skin infections , bone and joint infections, otitis media, and urinary tract infections
Amoxicillin has been shown to be active against a variety of bacterial organisms including Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae , Helicobacter pylori, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus sp., Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes. The sensitivity of these organisms allows amoxicillin to also be effective in treating many common types of infections including upper and lower respiratory infections. Other uses include skin tissue infections, otitis media, and urinary tract infections.
|Conditions treated by cephalexin and amoxicillin|
Risk Of Unnecessary Antibiotics For Sinus Infections
Taking unnecessary antibiotics for a sinus infection is not only ineffectual, but can actually be harmful to the patient. Risks of taking unneeded antibiotics include:
- Increased chance of getting an antibiotic-resistant infection at a later time
- Destruction of healthy stomach bacteria, which can allow harmful bacteria to grow
- Possible side effects, such as upset stomach, rash, or dizziness
- Allergic reaction
According to studies conducted by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology , 60-70% of patients with sinus infections fully recover without the use of antibiotics. Additional research shows that almost 90% of U.S. adults diagnosed with acute sinusitis are prescribed antibiotics.
This overuse of antibiotics for sinus infections, as well as other conditions, can lead to antibiotic resistance, a state in which bacteria change over time as a reaction to antibiotic treatment, in order to survive and multiply, thus making the antibiotics less effective.
Cephalexin : Uses Side Effects Dosages Contra
When you have a common bacterial infection such as a middle ear infection, respiratory tract infection, or urinary tract infection, theres a good chance your doctor will prescribe a drug called cephalexin.
Cephalexin monohydrate is a prescription drug used to kill the bacteria causing these infections. It is similar to penicillin and is among the top 100 most commonly prescribed drugs in the United States.
In this article, Ill explain all about cephalexin, including how it works, common conditions its used to treat, side effects, and if you can get cephalexin online.
Our physicians can prescribe antibiotics for various conditions, but only if necessary. Chat with a provider to see which treatment option is best for you.
Also Check: Yeast Infection With Iud Symptoms
Cephalexin For Uti: How Soon Itll Work
It should work pretty quickly.
I felt almost immediate relief when taking Cephalexin for my UTI symptoms.
- Within an hour of taking the first pill, the pain with urination subsided.
- In a few hours, I no longer had blood in my urine.
Important: just because your symptoms are gone, dont stop taking the Cephalexin early. While it may have killed enough bacteria to stop your symptoms, you run the risk of growing bacteria that can survive Cephalexin, or in other words drug-resistant bacteria.
Recommendations For Nonantimicrobial Therapy
Intranasal steroids have not been conclusively shown to be of benefit in cases of acute sinusitis. One meta-analysis of 4 double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of intranasal corticosteroid treatment in acute rhinosinusitis supports its use as monotherapy or as an adjuvant therapy to antibiotics. However, a randomized, controlled trial of antibiotics and intranasal steroid showed no treatment benefit of intranasal steroids, either alone or with antibiotics.
In a literature study, van Loon et al concluded that only limited evidence exists regarding the efficacy of intranasal corticosteroids in relieving the symptoms of recurrent acute rhinosinusitis. The best evidence, according to the investigators, came from a single study, which had a low bias risk but only moderate directness of evidence according to that report, intranasal corticosteroids may shorten the time needed to achieve symptom relief.
No available data suggest that antihistamines are beneficial in acute sinusitis. In fact, antihistamines may cause harm by drying mucous membranes and decreasing clearance of secretions. Antihistamines are beneficial for reducing ostiomeatal obstruction in patients with allergies and acute sinusitis however, they are not recommended for routine use for patients with acute sinusitis. Antihistamines may complicate drainage by thickening and pooling sinonasal secretions.
Cephalexin Vs Amoxicillin For Sinusitis
Keflex or commonly known as which is not a part of the penicillin family is without a doubt a stronger antibiotic. Amoxicillin was the most generally recommended for intense sinusitis.
Shockingly, bacterial resistance to amoxicillin has developed very significantly. So now, Cephalexin is prescribed to use for treating grown-ups with sinusitis contaminations that have gotten to be impervious to penicillin. Picking one from these two is genuine troublesome on the grounds because it generally relies on upon which sort of infection youre suffering with.
Coverage And Cost Comparison Of Cephalexin Vs Amoxicillin
Cephalexin is a prescription medication that is covered by both commercial and Medicare drug insurance plans. A typical prescription for cephalexin would be written for 28 capsules of the 500mg strength. The average cash price for this prescription without insurance can be close to $50 or higher. With a coupon from SingleCare, you can get it for as low as $9.
Amoxicillin is a prescription medication that is also covered by both commercial and Medicare drug insurance plans. The cash price for a prescription written for 21 capsules of the 500mg strength of amoxicillin is over $20, but with a coupon from SingleCare, you can get this prescription starting as low as $5.
You May Like: Lemon Water Good For Bladder Infection
Don’t Miss: Boric Acid For Recurrent Yeast Infection
Cephalexin May Interact With Other Medications
Cephalexin oral capsule can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.
To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs youre taking. To find out how this drug might interact with something else youre taking, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.
Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with cephalexin are listed below.
What Forms Does Cephalexin Come In
Cephalexin is available as a liquid, capsule, or tablet taken by mouth. If you take the liquid form, store it in the refrigerator and shake it well before using.
Do not store the tablets or capsules in the bathroom. Instead, keep them in a dry place at room temp. When its time for a dose, swallow the pill whole with a glass of water.
Don’t Miss: Can A Sinus Infection Cause A Uti
What Is Keflex And What Is It Used For
Cephalexin belongs to a class of antibiotics called cephalosporins. They are similar to penicillin in action and side effects. They stop or slow the growth of bacterial cells by preventing bacteria from forming the cell wall that surrounds each cell. The cell wall protects bacteria from the external environment and keeps the contents of the cell together, and without a cell wall, bacteria are not able to survive. Bacteria that are susceptible to cephalexin include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, E. coli and several others. Cephalexin was approved by the FDA in January 1971.
Cephalexin is used to treat infections caused by bacteria that are susceptible to the effects of cephalexin. Common infections that cephalexin is used for include:
Sinus Infection Treatment Timeline With Antibiotics
Our sinuses are hard to reach, so it can be two to three days before antibiotic treatment begins to take effect.
It is critical to continue the whole course of antibiotics, even if you start to feel better. If you dont finish the whole course, your body could begin to build a resistance to those antibiotics. This makes future treatment more difficult.
Sometimes, patients experience negative side effects while taking antibiotics. If you experience rash, hives or have difficulty breathing while taking antibiotics, call your doctor immediately. You may be experiencing an allergic reaction. In older adults, some types of antibiotics may cause inflammation in tendons.
In addition to clearing your sinuses of infection, antibiotics also work in other parts of your body, particularly the gut. This could cause diarrhea, so you may want to take a probiotic as well.
Dont Miss: Can Macrobid Treat A Sinus Infection
You May Like: Boric Acid For Urinary Tract Infection
Common Side Effects Of Cephalexin Vs Amoxicillin
Cephalexin and amoxicillin have a similar list of side-effects. The most common side effect of both medications is diarrhea. Other gastrointestinal side-effects include nausea, vomiting, and gastritis. In rare instances, cases of pseudomembranous colitis have been reported.
Anaphylactic reactions may happen with both cephalexin and amoxicillin. Anaphylactic reactions are a severe allergic reaction that may present with hives, swelling of the tongue or lips, and/or a restrictive airway. Anaphylactic reactions require immediate medical attention.
The following list is not intended to be a complete list of possible side effects. Please consult a pharmacist, doctor, or another medical professional for a complete list of possible side effects.
|Side effects of cephalexin vs. amoxicillin|
Source: Cephalexin Amoxicillin
Prevention And Treatment Of Kidney Infection
Antibiotics are started as soon as the doctor suspects pyelonephritis and samples have been taken for laboratory tests. The choice of drug or its dosage may be modified based on the laboratory test results , how sick the person is, and whether the infection started in the hospital, where bacteria tend to be more resistant to antibiotics. Other factors that can alter the choice or dosage of drug include whether the persons immune system is impaired and whether the person has a urinary tract abnormality , including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Blockage can be complete read more ).
Outpatient treatment with antibiotics given by mouth is usually successful if the person has:
No nausea or vomiting
You May Like: Ear Drops Or Antibiotics For Ear Infection
What Are The Best Antibiotics For Sinus Infection Do Doctors Prescribe For You
There are many antibiotics that your doctor or physician may prescribe to help treat your sinus infection. Some of these may even be familiar to you.
These antibiotics are effective in treating sinus infection, however, these drugs do carry side effects. You should only be taken according to what your doctor or physician has prescribed. Always follow their instructions to achieve the best results.
Is Keflex Good For Sinus Infection And Upper Respiratory Infection
Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!
Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!
HealthTap doctors are based in the U.S., board certified, and available by text or video.
Also Check: Can Ear Infections Clear Up On Their Own
Vaporizer Vs Humidifier: Whats The Difference
Every so often, you will develop illnesses or those close to you will become ill. And often as happens to millions of people that illness will be become of trouble with your sinuses.Sinuses are small cavities within your skull that are covered on the inside by mucosa. Typically, they lie empty, but Read more
Read Also: Best Medicine To Treat Sinus Infection
Can I Use Cephalexin Or Amoxicillin While Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
Cephalexin and amoxicillin are considered safe during pregnancy. There is no known harm to the fetus despite the fact that both drugs cross the placenta. Cephalexin is excreted into breast milk. Breastfed infants experienced diarrhea and discomfort. Amoxicillin has also been shown to be excreted into breast milk. Incidences of diarrhea, rash, and somnolence in the breastfed infant have been reported with amoxicillin. With either drug, the benefit of treatment in the mother must be weighed against the risk of adverse events in the infant.
You May Like: Will A Bladder Infection Go Away On Its Own
Warnings Of Cephalexin And Amoxicillin
Patients with a penicillin allergy should not take amoxicillin. There is evidence to suggest that patients with a penicillin allergy may also have a cross-sensitivity to cephalosporins, including cephalexin. Caution should be used when prescribing cephalexin in penicillin-allergic patients with no prior use of cephalosporins.
Pseudomembranous colitis is a rare but serious condition. It involves the swelling and inflammation of the colon due to an overgrowth of clostridium difficile. Pseudomembranous colitis can occur with a variety of antibiotics, including cephalexin and amoxicillin.
Cephalexin and amoxicillin are renally excreted. Patients with decreased or impaired renal function must have their doses adjusted accordingly.
Cephalexin is considered pregnancy category B, meaning that animal studies have not shown any teratogenic effects. It is considered generally safe in pregnancy. Cephalexin crosses into breast milk but is generally considered safe while breastfeeding.
Amoxicillin is also considered pregnancy category B. It is considered generally safe in pregnancy. Amoxicillin crosses into breast milk but is also considered safe while breastfeeding.
Read Also: How Do They Test For A Sinus Infection
Which Antibiotic Will Work Best
Your doctor will take a urine sample to confirm that you have a UTI. Then the lab will grow the germs in a dish for a couple of days to find out which type of bacteria you have. This is called a culture. Itâll tell your doctor what type of germs caused your infection. Theyâll likely prescribe one of the following antibiotics to treat it before the culture comes back:
Which medication and dose you get depends on whether your infection is complicated or uncomplicated.
âUncomplicatedâ means your urinary tract is normal. âComplicatedâ means you have a disease or problem with your urinary tract. You could have a narrowing of your ureters, which are the tubes that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder, a narrowing in the urethra which transports urine from the bladder out of the body, or, you might have a blockage like a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate . Its also possible you have a urinary fistula or a bladder diverticulum.
To treat a complicated infection, your doctor might prescribe a higher dose of antibiotics. If your UTI is severe or the infection is in your kidneys, you might need to be treated in a hospital or doctors office with high-dose antibiotics you get through an IV.
Your doctor will also consider these factors when choosing an antibiotic:
- Are you over age 65?
- Are you allergic to any antibiotics?
- Have you had any side effects from antibiotics in the past?
Also Check: How Do Adults Get Ear Infections
Is Keflex An Antibiotic
Keflex is an antibiotic in a class of drugs called cephalosporins. Keflex fights bacteria in the body. Keflex is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections such as bronchitis, tonsillitis, ear infections, skin infections, and urinary tract infections.
Can Keflex be used to treat impetigo?
Cephalexin This first-generation cephalosporin has been one of the most commonly used oral antibiotics in the treatment of impetigo. Cephalexin arrests bacterial growth by inhibiting bacterial cell-wall synthesis and has bactericidal activity against rapidly growing organisms.
What Exactly Is Cephalexin
Cephalexin, also spelled as cefalexin, is a prescription antibiotic that belongs to a class known as cephalosporins. Its sold on the market under the brand names Keflex and Daxbia as a capsule, tablet, and oral suspension. According to Drugs.com, around 10 percent of people who have penicillin allergy will also have cephalexin allergy.
This antibiotic has a high efficacy rate of 90 percent . One great thing about this drug is that it doesnt rapidly degrade in stomach acid. For this reason, more of the drug is available for absorption to achieve its intended effects.
As an antibiotic, cephalexin is used for treating a wide array of infections that involve the skin, bones, ears, respiratory tract, and genitourinary system . When it comes to skin infections, its mainly effective against gram-positive Staphylococcus and Streptococcus bacteria.
Also Check: What Will The Er Do For Sinus Infection
What Are The Most Common Antibiotics Used For Sinusitis
Amoxicillin remains the drug of choice for acute, uncomplicated bacterial sinusitis. Amoxicillin is most effective when given frequently enough to sustain adequate levels in the infected tissue. While often prescribed twice daily, it is even more effective if taken in 3 or 4 divided doses. Amoxicillin is typically prescribed for 7-10 days at a time. While it is critical to finish the entire 10 day course of antibiotics when treating strep throat, there is evidence that shorter courses of treatment may be sufficient for most cases of sinusitis. Amoxicillin is closely related to the parent compound penicillin and should not be prescribed in patients who are penicillin allergic.
Cephalosporins and Augmentin are considered broad-spectrum antibiotics because they have enhanced effectiveness against a wider range of bacteria, including those that are resistant to ordinary penicillin or amoxicillin. If the patient does not improve within the first week on amoxicillin, a change to Augmentin or to a cephalosporin such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Omnicef, or Suprax is reasonable. Although these drugs have a similar mechanism of action to penicillin, they generally can be taken in adequate doses once or twice daily. These medications should be used with extreme caution in patients with a history of penicillin allergy, as cross-reaction may occur.