The Steam Can Make You Sick Too
While there’s a risk of contracting Legionnaires disease or Pontiac fever by swallowing contaminated water, there’s an even greater risk presented by inhaling contaminated water vapor emitted from a hot tub. That means if you sit near a hot tub without ever going in, there is still a risk of getting sick.
“When you turn the jets on in the hot tub, you’re aerosolizing the water. In other words, you’re making a mist of the water and putting it into the air, said Michele Hlavsa, chief of the CDC’s Healthy Swimming Program. If those water droplets contain bacteria and they carry that bacteria into the air, if you inhale them you can become infected.”
Legionella likes warm water, and when chlorine or bromine levels drop, the bacteria can survive and multiply in the slime, called biofilm, that appears on the walls of some hot tubs. Those who are in the hot tub or lounging nearby may want to take caution if they see the slimy substance.
People who are ages 50 and older, have weakened immune systems and/or identify as former smokers should consider not using a hot tub or even sitting near one, says the CDC. Because the amount of water vapor around a hot tub can vary, there isn’t a uniform distance from a hot tub that people with an increased risk for Legionnaires disease should maintain. But it should be at least a few feet away, Hlavsa advised.
Things You Should Know About Vaginal Infections
From the May/June 2017 issue of Family Foundations
For all women, when something changes down there it throws up a red flag, but that red flag might rise a little higher if it is an NFP woman who relies on her mucus and discharge to track her cycles. With some helpful information and tips from Dr. Karla Polaschek, an NFP-only OB/GYN in Davenport, Iowa, here are 5 things to keep in mind about vaginal infections.
1. Fertility awareness is empowering!
Get to know your body and your cycle! How can you know when something is wrong if you dont know when something is normal?! Many younger women go see their doctor for discharge thats completely normal and nothing to worry about. Become familiar enough with their body to distinguish between the pre-ovulatory, ovulatory and post-ovulatory times by tracking your cycle, so you can recognize when something is off.
2. There are common infections that many women experience at some point
Dr. Polaschek describes three common vaginal infections that most women will deal with at some point yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, and trichamonisis.
A less common infection that women may see is Trichomonisis, which is typically an STD, but it can rarely be contracted outside of sex because the infectious agent is a parasite so it can live on other objects, Dr. Polachesck explains.
Things to look for:
3. Premenopausal/postmenopausal: Some discharges are normal
4. Infections dont have to derail NFP observations
External Vaginal Itch Creams
A common misconception is that vaginal itch creams can treat yeast infections. Many women who use these products intending to treat a yeast infection soon discover the products shortcomings. While they may temporarily relieve the symptoms of your infection, they will not cure it.
Now, lets clear up some misconceptions about what causes yeast infections.
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What Is The Probability Of Getting A Yeast Infection If U Get Fingered In A Hot Tub
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How Is Spa Pool Folliculitis Diagnosed
Spa pool folliculitis is usually diagnosed based on the history of exposure and the clinical features.
Gram stain of a smear taken from pustules will show Gram-negative rods. Culture and antibiotic sensitivities should be reported as isolates may show resistance to multiple antibiotics.
Skin biopsy of the folliculitis is not usually required. Histology is morphologically identical to malassezia folliculitis pathology without the yeast. Biopsy of the hot hand-foot syndrome nodules is reported to show neutrophils around blood vessels, eccrine sweat glands, and other skin adnexae in the dermis and subcutis.
The source of infection may be confirmed by microbiological assessment of the water, pool surfaces, filter, and pipes.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Hot Tub Folliculitis
The primary symptom of hot tub folliculitis is a bumpy, red rash thats often itchy. The bumps may be filled with pus, and they can resemble acne. This rash may develop anywhere from a few hours to several days after exposure.
After it initially forms, the rash may develop into dark red nodules that are tender or painful. The rash may appear on the chest where the water level commonly hits. Or it may only appear in areas under the swimsuit, where the water and bacteria may have been trapped for longer.
Some people with this infection may feel a general sense of being unwell. They may have a sore throat, earache, nausea, or headache.
Hot Tub Bacteria Illnesses And Symptoms
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention publishes a list of the Top 10 causes for all Recreational Water illnesses in a variety of water venues such as pools, spas, hot tubs, and water parks. While the number one cause of all recreational water-related illness is by far the cryptosporidium parasite , bacteria, primarily Legionella, and Pseudomonas were identified as the primary cause for illnesses that occurred in hot tub/spa only venues. This is likely due to the fact that the cryptosporidium illness is typically transmitted from swallowing and ingesting contaminated water, which is more common in pool and water park settings and is much less common while using a hot tub or spa. A review of the CDCs detailed data for recreational water illness-related hot tub/spa only venues between 2009 and 2014 shows no cases of Cryptosporidium illness .
Table 1Center for Disease Control and Prevention2009 thru 2014 Treated Recreation Water Outbreak Data Summary Hot Tubs/Spas
The most common cause and predominant Illnesses from hot tub/spa related cases reported were
Legionella is a bacteria that can occur in Hot tubs that are not adequately disinfected, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention . Hot Tubs contaminated with Legionella pose a risk of Legionnaires disease, a type of pneumonia or respiratory infection.
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When Should I Call A Doctor
Any woman who is experiencing unusual vaginal discharge should be evaluated by a medical professional.
If you have never had a vaginal infection and are currently experiencing any vaginal symptoms, you should consult with a medical provider.
If you develop lower belly pain and a fever higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit, contact your doctor right away.
Pregnant women should seek medical care as soon as possible, to avoid increased risks of pregnancy complications.
If you have experienced vaginal infections before, but symptoms are different, consult with a medical provider, who can help you identify symptoms and diagnose your condition.
Female sex partners of women with bacterial vaginosis also need to be treated, as the condition can spread through sexual contact.
You should seek additional medical care if you are still experiencing symptoms a few days after completing a course of antibiotics.
MeMD is a convenient and secure way to receive medical care for conditions like bacterial vaginosis online, over the phone, or by app 24/7/365.
You Can Get Legionnaires Disease
Going in a hot tub could also end up giving you a respiratory infection. “Breathing in the steam from a hot tub contaminated with the bacteria Legionella can seriously expose one to this pathogen,” says Okeke-Igbokwe. “This bacteria can lead to lung infections that may potentially be deadly. Those at higher risk for the disease upon exposure include immunocompromised patients, smokers, and the older population.”
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How To Avoid Yeast Infections And Utis During The Summer
Summertime brings many things: sunny afternoons by the pool, last-minute road trips, firefliesand that burning sensation when you pee. Wait, what? Yes, yeast infections and urinary tract infections are more prevalent during swimsuit season , and if youve ever had one, you know they can ruin an otherwise lovely week. So, to make your summer yeast-free, check out these tips for vaginal health:
What Is Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacteria that have been associated with bacterial vaginosis include:
Also known as BV, nonspecific vaginitis, and gardnerella, this condition affects mostly women of childbearing age. Bacterial vaginosis is typically a mild, short-term condition, and usually resolves within days to weeks.
If left untreated, bacterial vaginosis can lead to:
Pregnancy complications such as premature or low-weight babies
Pelvic inflammatory disease this may lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy
Increased risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection such as HIV, gonorrhea, and chlamydia
Increased risk of infection particularly a higher risk of infection following surgeries affecting the reproductive system, such as hysterectomy or abortion
After treatment of bacterial vaginosis, recurrence within 3-12 months is common, and may require additional treatment.
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How Is Hot Tub Folliculitis Diagnosed
The bacteria that cause hot tub folliculitis often dont survive long within healthy skin. In such cases, the infection can resolve on its own within a week or so. If the folliculitis does not resolve, however, or if you have more symptoms than just a rash, you can make an appointment to see your doctor.
Your doctor may be able to diagnose the folliculitis just by examining the skin and asking about your medical history. If your doctor is unsure, they may take a sample of fluid from the blisters or a sample of tissue with a quick skin biopsy to send for testing.
If you have symptoms of a serious infection or an infection thats spreading, make an appointment to see your doctor right away. These symptoms include:
- a fever above 101F
- spreading or recurring folliculitis
Mild cases of hot tub folliculitis typically resolve without treatment within two weeks, and home treatments can help speed up the healing. These home treatments include:
- applying warm compresses, which can help reduce itching and improve healing
- using anti-itching creams or lotions to help relieve discomfort
- applying antibacterial creams like Neosporin to the affected areas to prevent secondary infection
- applying apple cider vinegar to the affected area, either directly or by soaking in a bath containing apple cider vinegar
What Causes Bacterial Vaginosis
This condition is common in pregnant women, most likely due to the hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy.
African American women also have a higher risk of getting bacterial vaginosis. This condition is twice as common in African American women than in Caucasian women.
Women who smoke are also twice as likely to get bacterial vaginosis when compared to women who are non-smokers.
Recent antibiotic use has also been associated with bacterial vaginosis.
Some womens natural vaginal environment lacks an adequate number of lactobacilli bacteria, and this may predispose these women to bacterial vaginosis.
You cannot get bacterial vaginosis from toilet seats, bedding, swimming pools, or by touching contaminated objects.
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How Can I Avoid Getting Hot Tub Folliculitis
You cant always know if Pseudomonas aeruginosa is present in a hot tub youre using. But you can take steps to keep yourself safer:
- Dont shave or use any hair removal methods right before you get in a hot tub.
- Remove your bathing suit and take a shower as soon as you leave the hot tub.
- Wash your bathing suit before wearing it again.
Common Infections That You Can Get From A Hot Tub
There are bacteria all around us that we often dont even think about. The thing is, most bacteria are actually good and help us stay healthy. There are strains, however, that can lead to infections and cause us a lot of problems. These infections can even be deadly if they are not treated.
There are a few places where this bad bacteria can get a hold of us. If youve ever gotten a cut or wound that wasnt cleaned properly or you didnt use Aquacel AG then you could be familiar with an infection like that. But, one place you may not even really think about is a hot tub.
Unfortunately, a hot tub is a place that bacteria love. It is a veritable paradise for them and we get in the tub without much thought about it. What is lurking there in a hot tub? In this article, I will go over the things you have to be careful about before you get into that jacuzzi!
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Treatment Of Bacterial Vaginosis
Some cases of bacterial vaginosis may go away on their own within a few days. If symptoms continue to persist, speaking with a medical provider can help provide relief from symptoms.
When seeking treatment for bacterial vaginosis, your physician will likely want to rule out the possibility of other serious infections, such as the STDs gonorrhea and chlamydia. Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis may also mimic those found in yeast infections and the STD trichomoniasis, and these conditions should also be ruled out prior to diagnosing and treating bacterial vaginosis.
Treatments for bacterial vaginosis can include a prescription cream, gel, or other medication. Typically antibiotics are prescribed. Such medications include:
Clindamycin to the affected area
It is important to take all medications you are given, as directed, even if your symptoms go away. Antibiotic treatment usually lasts for 7 days, even though bacterial vaginosis typically clears up within 2 or 3 days with treatment.
Avoid having sexual intercourse during your course of treatment, and continue your course of treatment even during menses.
Avoid alcohol consumption with medications, especially if treated with metronidazole or tinidazole, as the combination of alcohol and these medications can cause severe nausea and vomiting.
Treating bacterial vaginosis can also help reduce your risk for STDs.
Why Do Hot Baths Cause Yeast Infections
The hot bath itself does not cause yeast infections.
However, hot baths can create the perfect environment for a yeast infection to develop.
Yeast thrives in moist and warm environments, so a hot bath can create the ideal breeding ground for yeast.
Additionally, sitting in a wet bathing suit after getting out of the bath can also increase your risk of developing a yeast infection.
To reduce your risk of developing a yeast infection, try to dry off completely after taking a bath or shower, and avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing for too long.
If you do develop a yeast infection, be sure to see your doctor for treatment.
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6. Throw Out the ThongsBackless underwear doesnt in itself cause yeast infections, says Johnson. But if you have hoo-ha troubles, docs typically suggest skipping them since they can bother your skin.
7. Take Preventative MeasuresSometimes theres no way around it. Summertime = yeast infections . But theres hope! Docs can prescribe a weekly preventative dose of an oral anti-fungal medicine called fluconazole for high-risk patients, says Johnson. If you think you need it, talk to your ob-gynsummers too short!
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Diseases You Can Get From A Hot Tub
1. Hot tub lung
This infection is caused by a group of bacteria called Mycobacterium avium complex , which can survive in warm water. The bacteria have an outer layer that enables them to adhere to surfaces. This means that they may not get washed away when the water is drained or if the hot tub is just rinsed with water.
MAC can also attach to air droplets or bubbles that come to the surface of the hot tub and become aerosolized. If these droplets are inhaled, the bacteria can cause patches of inflammation in the lungs and lead to symptoms such as fever, cough, difficulty breathing, and fatigue.
2. Hot tub rash
Hot tub rash is caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The rash is itchy, with bumpy and red or pus-filled blisters in and around hair follicles.
This type of infection is often worse under the swimsuit, since it keeps the contaminated water on the skin. To prevent a rash from worsening, make sure to shower in soap and water and clean your swimsuit.
3. Legionella infection
Legionella bacteria causes Legionnaires disease, a type of pneumonia. Legionella are found in the water droplets of hot steam, and inhaling the contaminated steam can cause infection.
Thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting the hot tubs using the right levels of disinfectants in the water can help prevent a Legionella infection.
4. Urinary tract infection
5. Allergic reaction
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Who Gets Spa Pool Folliculitis
Spa pool folliculitis can affect the skin of anyone who has been exposed to warm wet environments. Examples of potential exposures include spa pools, hot tubs, jacuzzi, warm water swimming pools, rehabilitation pools, floatation tanks, whirlpools, floatation aids in swimming pools, contaminated toys in the family bath tub, wet suits, and industrial closed-loop water recycling systems. The longer the duration and frequency of exposure the greater the risk.
Spa pool folliculitis predominantly affects females. All age groups and races can develop the condition following exposure. Immunocompromised patients may be predisposed to rapid skin colonisation by Gram-negative bacteria. However, not all exposed individuals develop the infection, perhaps reflecting the duration of exposure, sex, and skin microflora.
Do Hot Tubs Cause Yeast Infections
It is possible for hot tubs to cause yeast infections, as the warm temperatures can provide ideal conditions for yeast to grow.
Yeast thrives in moist, warm environments, so hot tubs can provide the perfect breeding ground for this fungus.
However, it is also important to note that there are many other factors that can contribute to a yeast infection, such as taking antibiotics or having a weakened immune system.
While hot tubs may not be the sole cause of a yeast infection, they can certainly play a role in its development.
Therefore, it is important to take steps to avoid developing a yeast infection if you plan on using a hot tub on a regular basis.
Some simple tips include avoiding sitting in the water for extended
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