How Is Sinusitis Spread
You can get it the same way you get cold and flu — by breathing it in or passing it from your hands to your mouth after touching something. Viruses get in the air after someone who is sick sneezes or coughs. They also can be passed on when someone shakes hands with someone who is sick or touches a doorknob or anything else the sick person has touched.
To keep from getting a virus, wash your hands often with soap and water. Try not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth. Try to avoid people you have cold- and flu-like symptoms.
If you have sinusitis, cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, and wash your hands to avoid making anyone sick.
Can Canker Sores Be Prevented
Although there is no cure for canker sores and they often recur, you may be able to reduce their frequency by:
- Avoiding foods that irritate your mouth, including acidic, hot or spicy foods.
- Avoiding irritation from gum chewing.
- Brushing with a soft-bristled brush after meals and flossing daily. This will keep your mouth free of foods that might trigger a sore.
- Avoiding oral hygiene products containing sodium lauryl sulfate.
You should call your doctor or dentist if you have:
- Unusually large sores.
How Long Does A Sinus Infection Last Without Antibiotics
If you have a bacterial sinus infection, you can take antibiotics to speed up your healing time. However, you cannot take antibiotics to improve viral sinusitis because antimicrobial medications do not kill viruses.
If your immune system is healthy and you choose not to take antibiotics for bacterial sinusitis, you can still fight off the infection. Most people find their symptoms improve significantly within about two to three weeks.
Also Check: Can You Remove An Infected Tooth
What Can You Do To Ease Sinus Infection Symptoms
Sinus infections can make you feel really miserable. In addition to feeling like your head is trapped in a vice, you could develop a fever, sore throat and even tooth pain. Thankfully, there are several things you can do at home to ease symptoms.
- Quiet pain Take an over-the-counter medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for discomfort and pain.
- Try a nasal spray Use an over-the-counter nasal spray such as fluticasone to reduce swelling and open nasal and sinus passages.
- Opt for an oral med Take guaifenesin to help thin and drain mucus.
- Get some rest Make sure youre getting enough sleep and take it easy during the day.
- Hydrate Drink at least 64 oz. of water and/or other clear non-caffeinated and non-alcoholic liquids throughout the day.
- Grab a warm compress Ease pain and swelling by laying a warm washcloth over your sinuses.
- Rinse your nasal passages Use a neti pot to flush your sinuses with a saline solution.
What Causes Sinus Infections And Are They Contagious
The most common cause I see for a sinus infection is from a viral infection. Other common causes include bacterial infections and allergies Dr. Varghese explains.
A virus, bacteria, or fungus can cause a sinus infection. Generally, acute sinus infections stem from viral colds, while chronic sinusitis typically results from a bacterial infection, nasal growths, or allergies. Sinus infections can develop from many different causes. The cause of a sinus infection can be contagious, depending on what it is.
Read Also: Can I Use Amoxicillin For Urinary Tract Infection
Visit Your Local Allen Park Sinus Specialists Today
If you have been experiencing a sinus infection that has lasted over ten days, visit our Allen Park or Southfield, Michigan offices. Our sinus specialists can help you with your sinusitis with treatments like balloon surgery, sinus drops, or nasal steroids. Our team is here for you with whatever you need, so anytime to ask us a question or to make an appointment.
Know When To See A Doctor
While most sinus infections will resolve themselves within a couple weeks without medical intervention, it is important to know when your sinus issues have escalated to the point that you should see a doctor.
You should call or see a doctor immediately if you experience:
- A fever over 102°F
- Double vision or difficulty seeing
- Swelling around the eyes
You May Like: Will Allergy Medicine Help Sinus Infection
Viral Sinus Infections: Contagious
Acute sinusitis caused by a virus or viral infection is often considered contagious. Interestingly, however, the sinusitis itself isnt whats causing you to be contagious. The culprit is, in fact, a virus, such as the one that causes the common cold. These viruses, such as rhinoviruses, influenza A, and influenza B, cause your body to respond with acute sinusitis, a symptom of a larger problem.
The symptoms of acute sinusitis caused by a viral sinus infection often last a week to ten days. During this time, its possible for the virus to spread from one person to another. The most common type of transmission occurs via hand-to-hand contact. Simple precautions such as hand washing can easily prevent the virus and acute sinusitis from spreading.
Is Sinus Infection Viral Or Bacterial
Most sinus infections are viral, and most are caused by the virus that causes the common cold. How can you tell, based on symptoms, whether your infection is viral or bacterial? Normally, you can’t. Symptoms like bad breath, yellow or green mucus, fever and headache are not reliable signs of a bacterial infection.
Also Check: Can Fluconazole Treat Yeast Infection
Sinus Infection Contagious Prevention
You may not know what causes you to get either sinus infectioncontagious or non-contagious. So, its best for you to avoid from getting it and avoid also from spreading the cause. Here is what you can do as preventions.
To keep from getting the contagious infection, you can:
- Wash your hands rather frequently with water and soap or disinfecting your hands with sanitizer.
- Try not to touch your face, especially nose, mouth, and eyes.
- Try to avoid people with cold and flu like symptoms.
- Get vaccination. The flu shot and pneumococcal vaccine can help in preventing sinusitis caused by virus and bacteria.
- Practice a healthy lifestyle, such as eat well, exercise regularly, and get well rest to keep your immune system strong and be able to repel viruses.
To not spread the virus if you get infected, you can:
- Avoid direct contact, such as kissing, with other people who are likely easier to get infected, like the elderly, infants, and those that have weak immune system.
- Cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough, be it in public places or not, or around people or not.
- Wash your hands also to avoid making anyone sick.
To keep from getting the non-contagious infection, you can:
How Can I Get Rid Of My Sinus Infection
On the topic of staying home, rest plays a key role in recovering from a viral sinus infection. Viruses must run their course, so getting lots of rest may help shorten the duration and severity of your illness. Its also important to drink plenty of water and to stay away from things that can further irritate your sinuses, like cigarette smoke, strong perfumes and airborne allergens.
While treatments cant cure a viral sinus infection, there are several steps you can take to reduce your symptoms as you recover. Try using a saline nasal spray to rinse your sinuses and an over-the-counter decongestant to help you breathe more easily. On average, the symptoms of a viral sinus infection last for about seven to 10 days.
While many sinus infections can be addressed with self-care measures, you should promptly seek medical care if:
- You have a fever
Recommended Reading: Is Cephalexin Good For Skin Infections
It’s Ok You Can Kiss Me
If you are among the thousands of British people to have called in sick from work this week with a cold , you may have tried a range of remedies, bought or home-made. Chances are none of them will have cured you. You may be kicking yourself for not wrapping up warmly enough. Or, more likely still, you are kicking someone you know for infecting you. There, too, you could be mistaken. We all think we understand the common cold. Yet few of us have a clue about how we get it or what to do to shake it off.
Take snogging. You would have thought that French kissing a snotty lover was a bad idea on many levels. But contrary to widespread belief, it is very hard to catch a cold by exchanging saliva. In 1984, researchers had the unenviable job of observing hundreds of students snogging. Kissing, they concluded, resulted in no transmission of the cold virus. “The virus travels in the mucus from the respiratory system,” explains Professor Ron Eccles, director of the Common Cold Centre at Cardiff University. “Unless you have a bad cough, and some of the respiratory mucus has made its way into your saliva, the cold virus will not be transmitted by kissing.”
To do this, an infected person must either sneeeze or cough near you so you inhale their infected droplets, or touch a surface, allowing you pick the virus up on your fingers . You then rub your eyes or touch your nose , depositing the virus in your own respiratory tract.
How Do Sinus Infections Spread
Sinusitis generally spreads in the same way a cold or flu does.
Particles and droplets containing viruses become airborne after a person coughs or sneezes, and those germs then spread to others.
These viruses can also be passed by physical touch. Surfaces like doorknobs can become a carrier for a virus if a sick person touches it before a healthy person does.
Thats why actions like washing hands with soap and water, covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze, and avoiding close contact with infected people are important in avoiding getting sick.
But even with the most stringent precautions, sinusitis is common enough that infections still spread fairly easily.
How long are sinus infections contagious? When caused by a viral infection, a person will generally feel symptoms for 7-10 days.
In these cases, they will be contagious with the underlying virus for two weeks, from a few days before they have symptoms until after the symptoms are gone.
Allergic sinusitis, and bacterial sinus infections that occur after a virus, are not contagious to others.
You May Like: Can A Tooth Infection Give You An Ear Infection
How Is Sinusitis Treated
Bacterial sinusitis usually clears up after treatment with antibiotics. There is no specific treatment for sinusitis caused by a virus. People can try to relieve the symptoms of sinusitis in several ways. They can take acetaminophen * to help ease the pain and use nonprescription decongestants , taken by mouth or in sprays, to lessen stuffiness. Using a decongestant nasal spray for more than a few days, however, may itself cause swelling of the sinuses and slow recovery. Saline or salt sprays also may reduce swelling in the sinuses. Placing a warm compress over the infected sinuses, using a steam vaporizer * , or sitting in a warm, steamy bathroom can help as well. Doctors may prescribe special nasal sprays or oral medications for people with chronic sinusitis who have allergies that contribute to the infection. In some cases, people with severe chronic sinusitis may undergo surgery to enlarge their sinus passages, to remove a polyp, or to fix a deviated septum * that might be blocking sinus drainage.
* respiratory tract includes the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs. It is the pathway through which air and gases are transported down into the lungs and back out of the body.
* mucus is a thick, slippery substance that lines the insides of many body parts.
* computerized tomography or CT, also called computerized axial tomography , is a technique in which a machine takes many X rays of the body to create a three-dimensional picture.
Who Is At Risk For Sinus Infections
Anyone can get a sinus infection, but some people are more at risk than others. Children, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems are most likely to get sick from a sinus infection. People who smoke cigarettes or have allergies are also more prone to developing sinus infections because their bodies cant fight off the bacteria or viruses as well.
Read Also: Strongest Otc Yeast Infection Medicine
How To Avoid Spreading Sinus Infections
Sinusitis can easily develop as a result of a cold or virus, so spreading these illnesses puts other people at risk of developing a sinus infection. Viruses are spread by breathing in small droplets of water in the air, and also by touching surfaces where these bacteria are lingering. A sinus infection caused by a viral infection lasts about seven to 10 days, meaning you can be contagious with the virus for up to two weeks.
You can avoid spreading a cold by wearing a mask while you are sick, covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze, and washing your hands frequently with soap and hot water.
Prevention Of Infection While Kissing
There are a number of things you can do to reduce the risk of passing on, or catching, an infection while kissing. You should try to:
- Avoid kissing when you or the other person is sick.
- Avoid kissing anyone on the lips when you, or they, have an active cold sore, warts or ulcers around the lips or in the mouth.
- Maintain good oral hygiene.
- Cough and sneeze into a hanky if you have a cold.
- See your doctor about immunisations. Vaccines are available to prevent some infectious diseases, such as chickenpox, hepatitis B and group C meningococcal infection.
Also Check: Does Cephalexin Treat Kidney Infection
When Are You No Longer Contagious
Antibiotics are often used to treat bacterial infections. These medications specifically target bacterial functions and can either kill bacteria or prevent them from thriving.
Youre typically considered no longer contagious after youve been on a regimen of antibiotics for a period of time, which depends on your type of infection.
For example, youre no longer contagious with strep throat after youve been on antibiotics for 24 hours and no longer have a fever.
Additionally, youre no longer contagious with whooping cough after five full days on antibiotics. People with chlamydia should abstain from sexual activity until theyve completed seven days of antibiotic treatment.
Its very important to speak with your doctor about your infection and how long you should expect to be contagious. Knowing this information can help prevent you from infecting others while you recover.
Bacterial infections can be acquired in several different ways, depending on the type of infection. Lets explore some examples of how some bacterial illnesses are spread.
Read Also: Best Medicine For Sinus Pressure And Congestion
How Is Hay Fever Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will examine you, ask about your symptoms and evaluate you for other conditions, such as a cold or asthma. To measure your antibodies to specific allergens, your provider may take a blood sample and send it to a lab for testing. This blood test is called an immunoglobulin E test. It can detect all types of allergies, including food allergies.
Your provider may recommend a skin prick test to determine what allergens are causing your symptoms.
You May Like: Best Over The Counter Tooth Infection Medicine
How Long Are You Contagious When You Have A Sinus Infection
You can be contagious for as long as you are experiencing symptoms. If the infection is caused by bacteria, antibiotics may help shorten the length of time that someone else could be exposed to these germs when they come into contact with your body fluids during an exchange like kissing or sharing drinks/food items while eating together at home. In general, you should be symptom-free for 24 hours before spending time around others so that there is no risk of transmitting your illness.
Is A Sinus Infection Contagious
A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is one of the most common illnesses treated on LiveHealth Online, especially during the winter months. You may know some of the key symptoms, such as facial pain, congestion and mucus, but how contagious is a sinus infection? Read on to find out.
What is a sinus infection?
A sinus infection is when one or more of your sinuses become inflamed. Once your sinuses are inflamed, fluid may build up and allow germs to grow. This can result in congestion, a runny nose, and all those other symptoms that may lead you to feel icky and under the weather.
Symptoms of a sinus infection:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Facial pain, tooth pain or increasing sinus pressure
- Mucus in the back of the throat
- Sore throat
- Bad breath
There are a few other factors that may make you more likely to get a sinus infection. These include:
- A previous cold
- Smoking or regular exposure to secondhand smoke
- Nasal polyps
- A weak immune system
So, is a sinus infection contagious?
It depends. Sinus infections caused by bacteria or allergies are not contagious.
However, if your infection is caused by a virus, then it likely is contagious. Viruses can be spread from person to person, or even in the air through coughing or sneezing. When a virus is passed onto another person, they may develop a cold, but it might not necessarily become a sinus infection.
Care and treatment
Don’t Miss: Does Boric Acid Pills Cure Yeast Infections
Do I Need Antibiotics For Every Sinus Infection
Many sinus infections are caused by viruses, the ones that cause the common cold. These types of infections are not cured by antibiotics. Taking an antibiotic for a viral infection unnecessarily puts you at risk for side effects related to the antibiotic. In addition, the overuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance, which may make future infections more difficult to treat.
Recommended Reading: What Antibiotic Is Prescribed For Sinus Infection