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What Is A Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Yeast infections are common in women, especially when you’re pregnant. Increased estrogen in your pregnant body can throw off the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in your . This may let the yeast overgrow. Most yeast infections during pregnancy result from the fungus candida albicans. Two other kinds of yeast that can also cause them are candida glabrata and candida tropicalis.
Yeast infections aren’t pleasant, but they won’t hurt you or your baby. And they can be safely treated, usually with a topical cream.
Is It A Vaginal Yeast Infection Or Something Else
Every year, millions of cases of vaginitis affect women of all ages, but they are especially susceptible during the reproductive years.1 Fluctuating hormonal levels, bacteria, and sexual activities are just a few of the most common reasons women experience vaginal infections and discomfort. Knowing your body well and understanding your symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment options will help you decide upon a course of action that is right for you.
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How To Identify A Vaginal Yeast Infection
Not all women will experience noticeable symptoms of a yeast infection. If the infection is mild, the symptoms may be subtle. Knowing whats normal for you will help you identify changes in your vaginal health. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms for the first time, consult your healthcare professional for a diagnosis. Most women have one or more of these yeast infection symptoms:
- Pain when urinating or having sex
- Vulvar inflammation
- Vaginal pain, soreness, or burning
- Vaginal discharge that may be thick, white, and lumpy like cottage cheese
The three most common forms of vaginitis are yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis , and trichomoniasis. Symptoms for all three can include some form of vaginal discharge, itching, and irritation, so it is important to understand how they are different so you can get the right treatment. Use the following information as a guide to help identify a vaginal yeast infection:2-5
Thin, milky white or grey
MONISTAT®, other over-the-counter and prescription treatments
If you experience any of the following symptoms, ask a healthcare professional before using MONISTAT®, as they could be signs of another type of infection.
- Lower abdominal, back or shoulder pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Foul-smelling or greenish/grayish vaginal discharge
- Frequent urination, an urgent need to urinate or difficulty passing urine
How Is A Yeast Infection Treated
Yeast infections are usually treated with antifungal medicine. See your doctor or nurse to make sure that you have a vaginal yeast infection and not another type of infection.
Your doctor or nurse can also give you a single dose of antifungal medicine taken by mouth, such as fluconazole . If you get more than four vaginal yeast infections a year, or if your yeast infection doesn’t go away after using over-the-counter treatment, you may need to take regular doses of antifungal medicine for up to six months.
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How To Treat An Infected Hemorrhoid
An antibiotic, such as doxycycline , is used to treat an infected hemorrhoid or infected tissue caused by a procedure to remove a hemorrhoid.
Antibiotics prescribed for peritonitis include cefepime and imipenem . The specific type of antibiotic youre prescribed will depend on the severity of your infection and any problems or allergies you may have with certain medications.
Surgery to remove infected tissue around the hemorrhoid, or tissue within the abdomen , may be necessary in severe cases. This is called debridement and can help the body heal from an infection.
In addition to medications and possible surgical procedures, home remedies may help relieve symptoms. These include:
- oral pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
- pads that contain a numbing agent.
Also, adjusting your diet can lead to less straining during bowel movements. A diet that includes high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can help keep your stool soft and add bulk and reduce straining.
Always check with your doctor before trying any type of home treatment. You dont want to risk spreading the infection or interfering with the medical treatment youre receiving.
The best way to prevent an infected hemorrhoid is to avoid getting any kind of hemorrhoid. In addition to a high-fiber diet 20 to 35 grams daily and plenty of fluids, you can help prevent hemorrhoids by:
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When It Isnt A Yeast Infection: Stds & Other Health Issues
Yeast infections can resemble other vaginal health issues. If you are treating your symptoms and arent experiencing any relief for weeks, then you likely need a doctor to prescribe stronger medication or you need to get tested or examined for other vaginal health issues. Here are some other things you could be experiencing:
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How Can Perianal Disease Affect You
It is often impossible to determine the nature of the problem from the symptoms alone so all cases of bleeding from the bottom, new pain and lumps should be notified to your doctor for assessment. In most cases it is possible for the GP to provide reassurance that the problem is harmless, and easily treatable but in a small minority of patients in whom the symptoms or signs could represent a more serious problem, an urgent referral to a bowel specialist will be required.
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Can Vaginal Yeast Infections Be Prevented
For most girls, there’s no way to prevent yeast infections. You may feel more comfortable and have less irritation if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. Wearing cotton underwear may also help prevent yeast infections.
If you have diabetes, keeping blood sugar levels stable also can help you avoid yeast infections.
If you think you have an infection, call your doctor for advice. Don’t take leftover antibiotics or someone else’s antibiotics or medicine. They might be the wrong choice for your condition, and taking antibiotics when they’re not needed can make yeast infections more likely.
Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen often. To help avoid them, follow your doctor’s advice, wear cotton underwear, and try to wear loose-fitting clothes. Your body will thank you.
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Vulvovaginal And Urinary Tract Infections And The Link With Haemorrhoids
Its not rocket science to link lingering poop tucked up into the outside of your body in crevices with vulvovaginal and urinary tract infections. Its sometimes hard enough keeping ourselves infection-free, without the pocket of poop making our lives miserable.
The most common infections related to haemorrhoids include bacterial vaginosis , aerobic vaginosis , and urinary tract infection .
How Can I Prevent Future Yeast Infections
The best way to reduce your risk of getting a yeast infection is to avoid things that promote the growth of yeast. Heres how:
- Keep the vaginal area clean and dry. After showering, dry the area thoroughly. Always remove wet swimsuits and exercise clothes right away and change into cotton pants without underwear. Limit the amount of time you spend in hot tubs or very hot baths.
- Let the area breathe. Wear cotton, not nylon, underwear and avoid tights and pantyhose without a cotton lining, as well as tight pants. Consider not wearing underwear during sleep to allow some airflow.
- Watch your sugar intake, including alcohol! Sugar is the main food source for yeast.
- Take probiotics, especially if you are taking antibiotics. Probiotics, found in cultured foods like yogurt and especially in Activia, help restore your normal vaginal bacteria.
- Finally, always avoid douches, feminine sprays, deodorant tampons, and even bubble baths, which may contain chemicals that can be irritating.
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When To See Your Doctor
If you are experiencing symptoms of an infection, but think that it might not be a yeast infection, use the Vaginal Health Test from MONISTAT® CARE to help determine if you need to see a doctor.
Make an appointment with your doctor if:
- It’s your first yeast infection
- You’re under 12 years of age
- You get an abnormal result from the Vaginal Health Test from MONISTAT® CARE
- You have missed a period, are pregnant or breastfeeding
- You have or suspect you may have diabetes
- You’re taking the prescription drug Warfarin
- You have a weakened immune system
- You have recurring yeast infections
- You may have been exposed to HIV
- You develop other symptoms such as rash, fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, lower abdominal, back or shoulder pain
- You have foul-smelling or greenish-grayish vaginal discharge
- You’re using MONISTAT® and there is no improvement in symptoms within 3 days
- You’re using MONISTAT® and symptoms last more than 7 days
If you are unsure of what to ask or uncomfortable speaking with your doctor regarding yeast infection concerns, download our
Common Symptoms In Men
Men can get yeast infections too. They can happen when thereâs an overgrowth of fungus on the skin. This can happen if a man has sex with a female partner who has a vaginal yeast infection. Itâs more common in men who arenât circumcised. The symptoms include:
- Itching, burning, or redness on the
- A thick, white substance in the skin folds of the , and moistness
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Treatment Of Symptomatic Internal Hemorrhoids
The approach to treating internal hemorrhoids depends on the degree of prolapse, symptoms, and medical history. Grade 1 and 2 internal hemorrhoids should be initially treated with dietary modifications and topical therapy using emollients, astringents, or hydrocortisone. Those who have ongoing symptoms or active bleeding should be considered for surgical treatment. These procedures include ligation, fixation, excision, or a combination of these approaches. Because most internal hemorrhoid symptoms are due to tissue prolapse, ligation and fixation procedures effectively scar the mucosa to the underlying sphincter so tissue can no longer prolapse.
RUBBER BAND LIGATION
Rubber band ligation is perhaps the most common office procedure performed as it can be accomplished quickly without anesthesia or a bowel preparation. It is most effective on first- and second-degree internal hemorrhoids and many third-degree hemorrhoids. It is successful in roughly 80% of patients, but may recur with time.7,8,9,10 Recurrent symptoms often resolve with repeated banding and only 10% will go on to surgical excision.9
Complications are uncommon following ligation. In a study of 512 patients, 2% had minor pain, 1% band slippage, and < 1% developed urinary retention. However, 2.5% had complications requiring hospitalization6 patients had massive rectal bleeding, 3 with severe pain from prolapsed thrombosed hemorrhoids and 3 with urinary retention, pain, and fever.8
When Do Hemorrhoids Become Infected
External hemorrhoids are often the most irritating, causing painful burning and itching. Internal hemorrhoids most commonly cause painless bleeding but can rarely become infected. You can suffer from one type or the other, or both at once. In most cases, there is enough circulation to the area to keep immune system cells pumping and reduce the risk of infections.
If you wait longer and infection begins to set in, you may need a more invasive procedure as well as antibiotics. Serious systemic infections are possible if you do not get medical care and the infection spreads.
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A Better Option To Wipes Toilet Paper Gel
If you really want to use wipes, we recommend using a natural product that is purpose-built for caring for your butt. Our favourite haemorrhoid gel you use with your regular toilet paper is Wipegel by Zero Taboos.
You buy a bottle of this to squirt onto the toilet paper to instantly turn your toilet paper into a soft, damp, chemical-free, haemorrhoid-friendly wipe that doesnt tear up your toilet paper.
While the bottle is not convenient to carry around with you , you can use it easily at home.
This gel smells good and feels good, and is made out of natural ingredients, with witch hazel the main active ingredient. Witch hazel is an astringent. Astringents tighten and stitch proteins together, so make skin tighten and firm.
Think of how a glass of dry red wine feels in your mouth that sort of tight, dry feeling is the action of tannins, which are an astringent. This astringent action helps to shrink haemorrhoids from whence they came, while also being soothing and healing.
Because Wipegel is made out of natural ingredients, its septic tank friendly and not an environmental hazard.
How Do I Know If Its A Yeast Infection Or A Urinary Tract Infection
If you are experiencing a vaginal yeast infection, you may have unusual, generally odorless, vaginal discharge that is thick and milky looking. You may also have pain or itchiness in your genital area.
If you are experiencing a UTI, you may have pain and burning when urinating, foul-smelling urine, as well as fever, chills, nausea, and pain in your pelvis.
Yeast infections and UTIs occur in the same area, but the symptoms are very different.
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Save Your Money And Don’t Get Any Of Those Vaginal Ph Test Kits
When you’re trying to solve a problem in your pants FAST, it can be tempting to grab one of those expensive kits that promises to tell you whether you have a yeast infection or not, but if you have any doubts as to whether you have one, call a doc.
“The OTC test strips are only testing for the vaginal pH, which is not definitive for saying if it is a yeast infection or something else. It is only testing whether or not the pH is off,” explains Dr. Brandye. Your vaginal pH could be changed due to a variety of other factors such as your menstrual cycle , recent sexual intercourse, recently having taken antibiotics, or multiple infections .
Home Remedies For Yeast Infections
For those who want to try a more natural approach to treatment, things like tea tree oil, coconut oil, garlic, oil of oregano, or even yogurt have shown some signs of effectiveness. However, these treatments are spotty and you should still talk to your doctor about using a home remedy, as some herbs and natural supplements can interact with other medications you may be taking. In addition, its always helpful to receive a complete diagnosis from your doctor in case your condition isnt a yeast infection or is being caused by another underlying condition.
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Figure Out If It’s Really A Yeast Infection
As Dr. Brandye pointed out, there are many things that you might confuse for a yeast infection, like BV, a UTI, or STIs like herpes. Here are some telltale signs to help you differentiate, especially if you’re not sure if you should pick up some Monistat, drink cranberry juice, or call your doc.
Yeast infections vs. Bacterial Vaginosis
Yeast infections have lots of itching and irritation and don’t usually have a lot of discharge, but if there is, it’s white and looks like cottage cheese, explains Dr. Brandye. A more severe yeast infection might cause you discharge with a greenish tint to it. On the other hand, bacterial vaginosis will usually have discharge with a fishy odor.
Yeast infections vs UTIs
Dr. Brandye also adds that sometimes urine coming into contact with the vulva may cause burning, which makes women think they’re experiencing a UTI and not a yeast infection, but UTIs have different symptoms, such as pelvic pain, pain when you urinate, and super frequent urination with with only a small amount of pee coming out.
Yeast infections vs STIs
If you notice any new bumps or lesions, it might not be a yeast infection and could be an STI. These bumps might not always be painful, but things like herpes can cause pain and irritation that may mimic a yeast infection, Dr. Brandye says. However, the pain from these lesions would be more localized to where the lesions are.