Using The Right Water During Saline Rinses
When using saline nasal rinses, tap water should always be boiled and then allowed to cool to ensure cleanliness distilled water or premixed solutions could also be used instead of regular tap water.
Other home remedies for sinus infections include:
- Drinking fluids: Drinking lots of fluids helps loosen and thin mucus. Avoid beverages that are caffeinated and alcoholic beverages that can dehydrate the body, which could thicken mucus.
- Breathing steam: Warm water is best . You can breathe in steam from either a bowl or shower.
- Humidifying the air: Use a cool air vaporizer or humidifier,particularly at night while sleeping.
- Avoiding environmental substances: Avoid tobacco smoke and chlorinated water that can dry up the mucus membranes and exacerbate symptoms.
- Implementing treatment measures: At the first sign of infection, use antihistamines and employ regular nasal rinses.
Proper Use Of Minocycline
Take minocycline exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects. Minocycline is not for long-term use.
Minocycline comes with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Swallow the capsule, extended-release capsule, or tablet whole with water. Do not, crush, break, or chew it.
You may take minocycline with or without food. Taking minocycline with food may lower your chances of irritation or ulcers in your esophagus .
To help clear up your infection completely, keep taking minocycline for the full time of treatment, even if you begin to feel better after a few days. If you stop taking minocycline too soon, your symptoms may return.
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What Bacteria Does Minocycline Kill
Minocycline kills Propionibacterium, commonly found in acne. These bacteria cause excessive skin inflammation, and the drug can be given to the patient to fight this effectively. It also kills bacteria such as E. Coli, Shigella, and Acinetobacter. Thus, this medicine is highly effective for bacteria that cause skin infections, food poisoning, and respiratory infections.
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When Does Antibiotic Resistance Occur
Antibiotic resistance occurs in a persons own body and within the community when certain drugs no longer work for a specific type of germ. This can occur when bacteria change in response to exposure to antibiotics so that the antibiotics no longer work efficiently against the bacteria.
Unfortunately, it’s hard to know if a sinus infection is bacterial, viral, or has other causes based on symptoms alone. Because viral sinus infections tend to improve in 5 to 7 days, healthcare providers will usually only prescribe antibiotics if your symptoms go on for longer than this. A sinus infection that persists for longer than a week or continues to get worse during this time period is more likely to be bacterial.
Therefore, allergists and other specialists recommend limiting the use of antibiotics unless:
- Symptoms last over seven to 10 days
- A fever is present
How To Use Coconut Oil:
Coconut oil can be used in a variety of ways to treat sinus infections. Adding a tablespoon to tea or coffee and drinking it is one method. Likewise, the oil can be swished in the mouth and spat back out using an oil pulling method. Finally, the oil can also be used as a nasal rinse by using a dropper or neti pot. To use this method, the oil must be in its liquid form. Adding the oil to purified water with salt and/or baking soda is also effective for rinsing the nasal passages.
Many common treatments of sinus infections can actually lead to worsening of the condition. Coconut oil, however, naturally eliminates the infection, soothing the sinuses, and relieving inflammation as it does so. Continue reading below for reviews from Earth Clinic contributors around the world who have tested coconut oil for sinus infections.
Tried this coconut oil remedy? Did it work? Please send us your review!
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Why Do I Keep Getting Sinus Infections
sinus infectioninfectionsinus infectionsProblemssinusessinuses
Overdosing Or Skipping Doxycycline Dosage
Skipping doxycycline dosages can significantly affect the treatments effectiveness. Suppose you missed a dose it is best to take it immediately upon remembering.
However, if it is not far from the next scheduled dose, it is best to wait instead and take only one dose.
Avoid trying to catch up on a missed doxycycline dosage by taking two doses at once. Doing so may result in overdosing.
Although there have not been any recorded fatalities due to overdosing on doxycycline, it can still cause severe repercussions for patients health.
A doxycycline overdose may lead to the development of antibiotic resistance to the medication. This will make it harder to treat sinus infections and other infections in the future.
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Dental Antibiotics For Tooth Infection And Abscesses: Types And Dosage
Are dental antibiotics for tooth infection always needed? Not necessarily. There are multiple ways to treat oral health problems without antibiotics, including root canals and fillings or tooth extraction.
In some cases, however, antibiotics can save lives. But the key is to only take them when you need them and always follow your healthcare providers exact instructions.
Keep reading to find out more about:
- Who can and cant take certain antibiotics
- Usual antibiotics dosages
If You Think You Have A Sinus Infection
If you feel you are experiencing sinus infection symptoms, make an appointment with your PartnerMD physician, and do not attempt to treat symptoms on your own. While you may initially be recommended OTC treatments, only your doctor can accurately diagnose your symptoms, and prescribe the right treatment for relief.
Have a question about your sinus infection symptoms? Contact us today to see if a relationship with a concierge doctor could be beneficial.
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Doxycycline Capsules Bp 100mg
This information is intended for use by health professionals
DOXYCYCLINE CAPSULES BP 100mg
Each capsule contains Doxycycline hyclate equivalent to 100mg of Doxycycline base.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
Green hard gelatin capsules printed C and DW in black.
Doxycycline has been found clinically effective in the treatment of a variety of infections caused by susceptible strains of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and certain other micro-organisms.
Respiratory tract infections: Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections due to susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and other organisms. Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. Treatment of chronic bronchitis, sinusitis.
Urinary tract infections: caused by susceptible strains of Klebsiella species, Enterobacter species, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus faecalis and other organisms.
Sexually transmitted diseases: Infections due to Chlamydia trachomatis including uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infections. Non-gonococcal, urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum . Doxycycline Capsules are also indicated in chancroid, granuloma inguinale and lymphogranuloma venereum . Doxycycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of gonorrhoea and syphilis.
Skin infections: Acne vulgaris when antibiotic therapy is considered necessary.
Doxycycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of leptospirosis, gas gangrene and tetanus.
Can You Overdose On Doxycycline
There are no published reports of toxic effects in humans who overdose with single large doses of doxycycline. There is one case with chronic overdose causing severe, reversible toxicity. It is curious that calves who are accidentally given three to ten times the therapeutic dose often develop a serious or fatal heart condition. To date, this has not been reported in humans.
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How To Solve A Sinus Infection That Wont Go Away
Sinus infection is a common problem that can affect any age group. It represents the fifth most common condition that requires an antibiotic prescription.
Sinuses are four paired air-filled spaces in your skull and face bones surrounding your nose. Their main function is to produce mucus that forms a layer inside the sinuses to humidify inhaled air and keep the interior of your nose moisturized. This mucus layer can trap dust particles, other pollutants, or bad germs and brush them out through your nose. Each sinus drains into your nose through small openings to keep these passages clear of excess mucus and the trapped particles.
However, sometimes, such as when the weather changes and you catch a cold, it can turn into a sinus infection. This causes inflammation of your sinuses, known as sinusitis. Usually, sinusitis should go away in a few days or a week. But sometimes that sinus infection can stick around for a long time.
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How Long Does A Sinus Infection Last
Depending on the type of sinusitis, an infection can last between four to eight weeks or even longer. Sinusitis can be classified into four types:
Acute: Acute sinusitis lasts no longer than four weeks and quickly improves with proper care. Antibiotic treatment is often not required.
Subacute: This type of sinusitis requires medical treatment and usually lasts between four to eight weeks.
Chronic: This results from repeated or poorly treated acute sinusitis. These typically last at least eight weeks.
Recurrent: Recurrent sinusitis cases are acute sinusitis occurrences that happen three or more times each year. This can also be treated with sinus surgery.
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Side Effects And Reactions
The most commonly reported side effect is inflammation of the oesophagus , causing heartburn. This can be quite unpleasant but is somewhat preventable by taking the medication with plenty of water, while standing and well before going to bed.
Doxycycline should not be used in children or in pregnant women where it can result in permanent brown staining of teeth and have other effects on foetal bone development.
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Doxycycline Vs Amoxicillin: Which Is Better
When it comes to antibiotics, there are a variety of options to choose from. However, two of the most common options are Doxycycline and Amoxicillin. So, which is better for a sinus infection?
Doxycycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is effective against various bacteria, including those that cause sinus infections. Amoxicillin is also an effective antibiotic, but it is narrower in scope and may not be as effective against certain types of bacteria.
Another difference between these two antibiotics is Doxycycline can cause sun sensitivity while Amoxicillin does not. Additionally, Doxycycline may not be suitable for pregnant women or those who are breastfeeding, whereas Amoxicillin is considered safe for use in these populations.
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Best Antibiotics For Strep Throat
Dr. Umer Khan
Dr. Umer Khan
Medically reviewed by Dr Umer Khan, MD who is a Board Certified physician practicing in Pennsylvania. His special interests include wellness, longevity and medical IT.
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can lead to throat pain, painful swallowing, and swollen lymph nodes around the neck. While strep throat is typically treated with a combination of at-home treatment and medication, antibiotics are the best way to get rid of strep throat.
If youre worried that you or your child may have strep throat, its important to know which antibiotics are going to help you start feeling better. Read on to learn which strep throat antibiotics your doctor may prescribe to effectively manage your symptoms.
What Are The Six Types Of Sinusitis And Sinus Infections
Sinusitis may be classified in several ways, based on its duration and the type of inflammation . The term rhinosinusitis is used to imply that both the nose and sinuses are involved and is becoming the preferred term over sinusitis.
- Acute sinus infection usually lasts less than 3-5 days.
- Subacute sinus infection lasts one to three months.
- Chronic sinus infection is greater than three months. Chronic sinusitis may be further sub-classified into chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps, or allergic fungal sinusitis.
- Recurrent sinusitis has several sinusitis attacks every year.
There is no medical consensus on the above time periods.
- Infected sinusitis usually is caused by an uncomplicated virus infection. Less frequently, bacterial growth causes sinus infection and fungal sinus infection is very infrequent. Subacute and chronic forms of a sinus infection usually are the result of incomplete treatment of an acute sinus infection.
- Noninfectious sinusitis is caused by irritants and allergic conditions and follows the same general timeline for acute, subacute, and chronic as infectious sinusitis.
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Symptoms And Signs Of Sinusitis
Acute and chronic sinusitis cause similar symptoms and signs, including purulent rhinorrhea, pressure and pain in the face, nasal congestion and obstruction, hyposmia, halitosis, and productive cough . Often the pain is more severe in acute sinusitis. The area over the affected sinus may be tender, swollen, and erythematous.
Maxillary sinusitis causes pain in the maxillary area, toothache, and frontal headache.
Frontal sinusitis causes pain in the frontal area and frontal headache.
Ethmoid sinusitis causes pain behind and between the eyes, a frontal headache often described as splitting, periorbital cellulitis, and tearing.
Sphenoid sinusitis causes less well localized pain referred to the frontal or occipital area.
Malaise may be present. Fever and chills suggest an extension of the infection beyond the sinuses.
The nasal mucous membrane is red and turgescent yellow or green purulent rhinorrhea may be present. Seropurulent or mucopurulent exudate may be seen in the middle meatus with maxillary, anterior ethmoid, or frontal sinusitis and in the area medial to the middle turbinate with posterior ethmoid or sphenoid sinusitis.
Manifestations of complications include periorbital swelling and redness, proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, confusion or decreased level of consciousness, and severe headache.
Diagnosis And Management Of Acute Pyelonephritis In Adults
KALYANAKRISHNAN RAMAKRISHNAN, M.D., and DEWEY C. SCHEID, M.D., M.P.H., University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 1 71:933-942.
Acute pyelonephritis is an infection of the upper urinary tract, specifically the renal parenchyma and renal pelvis . Acute pyelonephritis is considered uncomplicated if the infection is caused by a typical pathogen in an immunocompetent patient who has normal urinary tract anatomy and renal function. Misdiagnosis can lead to sepsis, renal abscesses, and chronic pyelonephritis that may cause secondary hypertension and renal failure. Risk factors for complicated acute pyelonephritis are those that increase susceptibility or reduce host response to infections .1,2
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Treatment For Sinus Infection
Whether you have an acute sinus infection or a chronic infection, a number of treatment options can relieve your discomfort. If youre in the early stage of an acute sinus infection, it may be appropriate to start at-home treatments while you monitor your symptoms. If your sinusitis worsens, youll need to call your doctor for medication and further care. Even if youre receiving treatment from your doctor, at-home care can help ease your symptoms.
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What Is A Sinus Infection Or Sinusitis
Inflammation of the air cavities within the passages of the nose is referred to as sinusitis. Sinusitis can be caused by infection , but also can be caused by allergy and chemical irritation of the sinuses. A sinus infection occurs when a virus, bacterium, or fungus grows within a sinus.
Sinusitis is one of the more common conditions that can afflict people throughout their lives. Sinusitis commonly occurs when environmental pollens irritate the nasal passages, such as with hay fever. Sinusitis can also result from irritants, such as chemicals or the use and/or abuse of over-the-counter nasal sprays, and illegal substances that may be snorted or inhaled through the nose. About 30 million adults have sinusitis. Colds differ from sinusitis and are only caused by viruses and last about seven to 10 days while sinusitis may have many different causes , and usually last longer with more pronounced and variable symptoms.
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Recommendations For Antimicrobial Therapy
Ahovuo-Saloranta et al, in a 2008 Cochrane Review meta-analysis of 57 studies, concluded that antibiotics yield a small treatment effect in a primary care setting in patients with uncomplicated sinusitis whose symptoms have lasted more than 7 days. However, another meta-analysis found no treatment effect of antibiotics, even in patients whose symptoms had persisted for more than 10 days.
In cases of suspected or documented bacterial sinusitis, the second principle of treatment is to provide adequate systemic treatment of the likely bacterial pathogens . The physician should be aware of the probability of bacterial resistance within their community. Reports range from approximately 33-44% of H influenzae and almost all of M catarrhalis strains have beta-lactamasemediated resistance to penicillin-based antimicrobials in children.
Risk factors for pneumococcal and H. influenzae resistance are:
- Residing in a region with rates of penicillin-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae > 10 %.
- Antibiotic use by the patient or member of their household in the last 6 weeks.
- Attendance in a day care center.
Blackwell DL, Lucas JW, Clarke TC. Summary health statistics for U.S. adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2012. Vital Health Stat 10. 2014, february. 1-161. .
Slavin RG, Spector SL, Bernstein IL, Kaliner MA, Kennedy DW, Virant FS, et al. The diagnosis and management of sinusitis: a practice parameter update. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Dec. 116:S13-47. . .
Is Minocycline Penicillin Based
Minocycline belongs to the tetracycline category of antibiotics and is not penicillin-based. It is used to treat a host of different bacterial infections such as urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, skin infections. It can also be used to treat patients who cannot be treated with penicillin-based drugs.
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