Dental Emergencies: What To Do If You Have A Swelling
Swellings around the mouth can happen for a variety of reasons. For example, swelling can occur because of blocked salivary glands, medication side-effects, poor nutrition , gingivitis and gum disease, and some oral cancers. However, a swelling can also be an indication that a tooth has an abscess, especially if it is accompanied by pain and has occurred reasonably quickly.
What Can I Do To Reduce Swelling From A Tooth Infection
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Home Remedies For Abscess Tooth With Swollen Face
What is an Abscess Tooth? An abscess tooth is a type of infection. It is also called periodontal abscess. Usually, when a part of the mouth becomes irritated or injured, bacteria may enter the mouth and cause infections.
In the presence of an infection, an abscess forms in order to form a barrier around the infection and keep it from spreading. An abscess is a defense mechanism of the body, which means that it is trying to do you more good than you think. However, a tooth abscess is extremely painful, and may eventually cause complications.
An untreated abscess can damage the bone and teeth that surrounds it. There is also a chance that the infection will spread to the other parts of the body. Because of this, it is important that an abscess tooth immediately gets the treatment that it needs.
What causes an abscess tooth?
A tooth abscess may be caused by any of the following:
Food that gets stuck in between the teeth Underlying periodontal disease Present infection on a tooths nerve
What are the signs and symptoms of an abscess tooth?
An abscess usually starts out as a severe toothache that does not seem to go away. The quality of pain associated with a tooth abscess is usually a throbbing, sharp, or shooting kind of pain.
Other symptoms of an abscess tooth are:
Redness and swelling of the gums Presence of sore with pus Bitter taste in the mouth Foul smell of breath Fever
What are the home remedies for abscess tooth?
1. Warm salt-water solution
3. Tea bags
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What Is An Abscessed Tooth
A tooth abscess is a pocket of pus from a bacterial infection. Abscesses can occur in different places around a tooth for different reasons and affect the involved tooth, but also the surrounding bone and sometimes adjacent teeth. Three types of tooth infections can cause abscesses:
- Gingival: This infection develops in the gums. It does not usually affect the tooth or supporting structures.
- Periapical: A periapical abscess is an infection that forms at the tip of the root. This occurs because bacteria can spread to the inside of the tooth to the pulp through a fracture or cavity. The pulp is the innermost part of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. When bacteria invades the pulp, they can spread to the tip of the tooths root causing the infection to spread to the bone eventually leading to an abscess.
- Periodontal: This infection starts in bone and tissues that support the tooth. A periodontal abscess usually results from periodontitis or gum disease and is more common among adults.
Causes Of Dental Abscess
A dental abscess is caused when bacteria gain access to damaged teeth or gums. Gum abscess treatment may involve draining and removing a foreign object. Things like corn kernels and other sharp foods can become embedded in the gums. This causes your body to fight off the foreign object and leaves an opening for more bacteria to enter.
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Who Gets Tooth Infections
Youre more likely to develop tooth infections if you:
- Smoke: Smokers are about twice as likely to get tooth infections as nonsmokers.
- Have dry mouth: Bacteria thrive in a mouth with a low amount of saliva.
- Have poor dental hygiene: Regularly brushing, flossing and getting dental cleanings reduces bacteria.
- Have a weakened immune system: Diseases or medications can lower your immune response, making it harder to fight off germs.
Types Of Toothache And Swelling
Teeth can hurt for many reasons, and toothache can range from mild discomfort to severe pain. This pain may be constant, intermittent or only hurt when you bite down with the tooth. It may affect a single tooth or several teeth and could also spread to the jaw, ear or head.
Swelling can affect the gums, other soft tissues in the mouth, or may be in the jaw or face. If you have swelling around a painful tooth, these symptoms are likely connected. Other related symptoms could include tooth sensitivity and bleeding gums.
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How To Deal With Swollen Face Due To A Tooth Infection
You are likely to have a swollen face because of tooth abscess. Understand that the tooth abscess is actually an infection of the face, mouth, throat, or jaw and usually begins as a tooth infection. A swollen face from tooth infection requires a dentist’s attention.
1. Treat Tooth Abscess
You will have to talk to your dentist to decide how to treat your tooth abscess. He or she will follow a procedure to clear the infection.
- Your dentist will begin the procedure by making a small incision into the abscess. This helps drain out the pus. The dentist may also use a saline solution to wash the area.
- Your dentist may then decide to perform a root canal. This helps get rid of the infection and save your tooth. The procedure involves drilling down into the tooth to remove affected pulp and drain the abscess. The dentist proceeds by filling and sealing the pulp chamber and root canals. A molar tooth is usually covered with a crown to help maintain its strength.
- In rare cases, your dentist may sometimes recommend the removal of your affected tooth. He or she will drain the abscess and extract the affected tooth.
Whatever the procedure your doctor selects, you are going to get some prescription medications as well. You need to take these antibiotics, especially when the infection has also affected your jaw or nearby teeth. People with a weak immune system also need to take antibiotics.
2. Deal with Swollen Face
Are There Any Over
You should always see your dentist if you have a tooth infection. Your teeth are very close to your brain and a tooth infection can quickly spread to nearby areas and organs.
Antibiotics arent available without a prescription, but there are a few things you can do at home for relief before your appointment, such as:
- taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
- gently rinsing your mouth with warm salt water
- avoiding hot or cold foods whenever possible
- trying to chew with the opposite side of your mouth
- brushing with a soft toothbrush around the affected tooth
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Symptoms Of A Gum Abscess
Some oral conditions of the mouth and gums can go unnoticed and cause little symptoms in early stages. This is not the case with a gum abscess.
These abscesses can cause persistent, severe pain in the affected area. If you open your mouth and observe the area, you may also notice swelling and redness. Other signs of a gum abscess include:
- sensitivity to heat or cold foods and drinks
- pain while chewing
How To Reduce Wisdom Teeth Swelling
For wisdom teeth swelling caused or exacerbated by pieces of food lodged in the area, rinsing the mouth out with salt water or an oral rinse recommended by your dentist can remove trapped food and clean the area, allowing your body to reduce swelling and pain.Other ways to reduce wisdom teeth swelling include cold compresses, ice chips, or ice packs applied to the area or to the face. Over-the-counter pain relievers that contain an anti-inflammatory will also help reduce wisdom teeth swelling, which can make eating, opening your jaw, talking, and everyday life much more comfortable.
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What Does Toothache And Swelling Mean
Toothache can happen for many reasons and is sometimes benign, but toothache accompanied by swelling is more likely to indicate a serious problem.
If you have pain and swelling in your mouth, it’s important to see your dentist or doctor as soon as possible. They’ll aim to find out what’s causing your symptoms so they can treat the problem at the cause.
Excellent Dental Service From Your Gold Coast Dentist
We understand that tooth abscess can be very painful and it can even be accompanied with fever at times. The best way to prevent it is to visit your Main Beach dentist at Main Beach Dental. We can discuss what is best for you according to your dental needs. You can either go through a root canal treatment to remove the infected pulp inside your tooth or you can have tooth extraction if necessary. Contact us today to reserve an appointment with us. Call us on 5503 1177 or book online and Claim Your FREE Dental Consultation Today!
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How To Get Rid Of Swollen Face From Tooth Infection Fast
There is no swelling or blood coming out of the tooth or the surrounding gums, however, the tooth is very painful, even to a tiniest amount of pressure . Depending on the cause of the tooth infection, treatment may include:
Dental Emergencies What To Do If You Have A Facial Swelling
Tooth Infection Treatment Options
Depending on the cause of the tooth infection, treatment may include:
Dental Abscess Treatment
During this procedure, your dentist will make a small incision into your gums and drain the abscess. They will drain all of the pus out before stitching it back up to ensure the bacteria is removed.
If your tooth is severely damaged or decayed, extraction will likely be necessary. Youll need a dental implant after the tooth is surgically removed, which can cost up to $4,000.
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is necessary if you have a large cavity that has spread to the tooths pulp. This treatment can also involve abscess draining.
During the procedure, your dentist will remove the infected dental pulp and drain the abscess.
The root canal is cleaned, shaped, and sealed. Then a dental crown is placed on top of the root canal treated tooth.
Antibiotics are commonly prescribed to treat dental abscesses. After the abscess is drained, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to clear up the remaining infection. Antibiotics alone do not cure abscesses.
Depending on the severity of your abscess or infection, you may need oral antibiotics or IV antibiotics.
If you have a root canal-treated tooth but are still experiencing a toothache an apicoectomy may be necessary. This is a minor dental surgery that removes the apex .
If you develop sepsis, you’ll need to visit an ICU . Fluids and IV antibiotics will be used to treat this condition.
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Reasons For Toothache May Include:
- Tooth decay when bacteria wears down tooth enamel, this can expose the more sensitive dentine layer underneath
- Gum disease if gingivitis develops into more severe gum disease, this can cause the gums to recede and teeth to ache and come loose
- Root canal infection if tooth decay or other damage reaches the soft centre of the tooth , this can cause severe tooth pain and sensitivity
- Chipped or cracked tooth injuries to teeth can cause pain and sensitivity and may leave the tooth open to infection
- Loose or broken filling if part of a filling, crown or other dental work comes loose or falls out, this can leave the underlying tooth vulnerable
- Dental abscess severe tooth decay or gum disease can cause a painful abscess to develop inside the gum
- Impacted wisdom tooth if a wisdom tooth or other tooth is stuck inside the gum, this can be painful and also cause swelling
- Teeth grinding if you grind or clench your teeth when you sleep , this can put strain on your teeth and cause them to hurt in the morning
- Mouth ulcer an ulcer can cause pain in nearby teeth
- Sinus infection pressure or swelling in the sinuses may cause toothache, especially in the upper jaw
- Jaw problems a misaligned jaw or other problems with the jaw or temporomandibular joints can cause an uneven bite and toothache
What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of A Dental Abscess
If the abscess has spread to a superficial area, there is typically tenderness to palpation of the infected area. Dental abscesses may range from mild to severe. They may be associated with no symptoms or with severe symptoms. Depending on a number of factors, the abscess may range from chronic to acute, and stable to rapidly spreading. The infection can in some cases spread beyond the teeth and bone through the bloodstream to other areas of the body where it can damage organs and even be life-threatening.
- For an acute dental abscess that causes substantial pain or swelling, the doctor may incise and drain the abscess and/or try therapy with antibiotics.
- Abscesses that are eminently life-threatening may require hospital admission.
- Pain medication is commonly prescribed until the symptoms can be controlled.
- These initial measures are often necessary to temporarily relieve the signs and symptoms of an acute abscess however, further treatment directed at eliminating the primary source of the infection is necessary to prevent recurrence. The location of this primary source determines the “definitive” treatment options, which may include root canal treatment, periodontal treatment, or extraction of the tooth.
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What Causes A Tooth Abscess
Anything that creates an opening for bacteria to get into the tooth or surrounding tissues can lead to a tooth infection. Causes include:
- Severe tooth decay: A cavity, or tooth decay, is the destruction of the hard surfaces of the tooth. This occurs when bacteria break down sugars in food and drink, creating acid that attacks enamel.
- Broken, chipped or cracked teeth: Bacteria can seep into any opening in a tooth and spread to the pulp.
- Gum disease : Gum disease is an infection and inflammation of the tissues around the teeth. As gum disease progresses, the bacteria gain access to deeper tissues.
- Injury to the tooth: Trauma to a tooth can injure the inner pulp even if theres no visible crack. The injury makes it susceptible to infection.
How Do You Prevent A Dental Abscess
Prevention plays a major role in maintaining good dental health. Daily brushing and flossing along with regular dental checkups can prevent tooth decay and dental abscess. Anyone who suffers from frequent dental abscesses needs to be evaluated by a healthcare professional to determine if an underlying medical condition is responsible. Remember there are no home remedies once one develops an abscess, so prevention is the best practice.
- Remember to brush and floss after every meal and at bedtime.
- If tooth decay is discovered early and treated promptly, cavities that could develop into abscesses can usually be corrected.
- Avoidance of tobacco use can help as well.
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Tooth Infection
If your tooth is infected, your pain may be:
- Gnawing or throbbing.
- Continuous or only when chewing.
- Radiating to the jawbone, neck or ear.
Other oral symptoms of infection include:
- Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures.
- Bitter taste in the mouth.
- Foul-smelling breath.
- Swollen area in the upper or lower jaw.
- Open, draining sore on the side of the gum.
In addition, you may experience more generalized symptoms like:
- General discomfort, uneasiness or ill feeling.
What To Do If You Have A Dental Abscess
You should see a dentist as soon as possible if you think you have a dental abscess.
Avoid visiting a GP, as there’s little they can do to help.
You can get help from:
- your registered dentist if it’s out of hours, they should have an answerphone message with details of how to access out-of-hours dental treatment
- NHS 111 who can give you details of dental services in your area
- your local A& E if you’re having difficulty breathing or swallowing, or there’s swelling around your eye or neck
You may have to pay for emergency NHS dental treatment, depending on your circumstances.
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Can You Treat A Tooth Infection Without Antibiotics
There are ways to relieve the pain and swelling associated with your infected tooth. Saltwater rinses with or without baking soda, hydrogen peroxide rinses, and cold compresses can all help with these symptoms. See a dentist right away if you have any symptoms, because an infection is unlikely to go away without treatment.
A cavity can be filled, and pulpitis can also be treated with a dental procedure. You may not need antibiotics. But depending on how bad the infection is, you might need a root canal or removal of the tooth.
If you have an abscess, it needs to be drained. Your dentist will probably also prescribe antibiotics to get rid of any bacteria that are still in the area.
Follow Up With Treatment After Antibiotics
If you visit a dental office, they may be able to treat the underlying issue right away, but theres some chance you could leave a dental office or physician with a prescription for antibiotics and instructions to follow up for treatment. Typically, this means having a root canal done because the tooth is no longer vital and will continue to be a place for bacteria to collect until its cleaned out and the canal is filled. A crown is usually added to the top to give it more strength, as teeth that have root canals tend to become brittle and more prone to breakage. Given that yours already has a cavity that youre aware of, a significant portion of the tooth structure is compromised as-is. So, you do need a comprehensive solution the sooner, the better.
The antibiotics should take care of the infection, which will take care of the swelling, but its important to remember that this doesnt mean youre better and can continue on like you have been. The tooth will eventually flare back up again after the antibiotics wear off because the underlying issue has not been addressed and youll be back to square one.
If money remains an issue at that point, look for someone who offers affordable dental care or consider having the tooth extracted. The latter is not ideal, but it certainly beats the worst-case scenario of an untreated tooth abscess.
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