Antibiotics For Sore Throat: What To Know
Untreated strep throat can lead to several more serious conditions that could lead to hospitalization or even death. Therefore, treating a sore throat can eliminate other health conditions. This is especially true when treating bacterial infections.
Treating bacterial infections that lead to strep throat can increase the length of time for which the antibiotic will be effective. Fortunately, this is often still effective as long as it is taken immediately after the infection occurs or following a rapid strep test.
The following antibiotics are recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for children and adults who have a sore throat:
Macrolides : These can be used for adults and children older than 8 years.
Cephalosporins : These can be used for children and adults older than six.
Penicillins : This antibiotic is recommended only for those allergic to the above antibiotics. However, they cannot use erythromycin or clindamycin either.
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole : This is only recommended for children and adults who cannot use the above antibiotics because of an allergy to any kind of beta-lactam antibiotic.
Because of the risk for severe allergic reactions, antibiotics are typically only given to those with a higher chance of having a bacterial infection because they are older or have another illness that could cause a reaction. Antibiotics are also primarily given to children with bacterial infections but could lead to severe complications if left untreated.
How Is Strep Throat Treated
Strep throat is treated using antibiotics. An antibiotic is a type of medicine that kills the bacteria that cause the infection.
Antibiotics are often taken as pills or given as a shot. Penicillin and amoxicillin are common antibiotics used to treat strep throat. Other antibiotics are ordered for people who are allergic to penicillin.
Your healthcare provider may give your child a shot or prescribe an antibiotic in either pill or liquid form. The pills or liquid are usually taken for 10 days. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions. Your child should take all of the medication, even if he or she feels better. The bacteria can still be alive even if your child feels okay.
How Is An Ear Infection Diagnosed
Once youre at the doctors office, a medical professional will look inside your ear with an otoscope to determine whether you have an infection.
Typical signs include fluid buildup in the ear canal and middle ear, along with a red and inflamed eardrum.
Depending on the severity of your symptoms, your doctor may recommend waiting a few days to see if your ear infection improves.
Some infections resolve on their own. But if the infection is severe, or if symptoms dont improve after this time, then antibiotics may be warranted.
Chronic fluid buildup without an infection warrants additional testing from an ear, nose, and throat specialist.
Its especially important to diagnose young children so that they dont encounter speech and language delays from loss of hearing.
If your doctor recommends antibiotics to treat a severe ear infection, they will likely recommend an oral treatment, such as amoxicillin .
Recommended Reading: Can You Use Keflex For Tooth Infection
Which Antibacterial Eye Drops Are Best For You
Eye health is essential, and you should take it as seriously as all other medical conditions. Do not ignore an eye infection if it lasts more than two days.
Speak to your ophthalmologist if you believe you have a bacterial eye infection. They will prescribe antibiotic medication to treat the infection. In most cases, medication will be in the form of eye drops or ointments.
In this article
Is It Strep Throat Or Tonsillitis
Raleigh Capitol Ear, Nose and ThroatThroat Problems, Tonsils
Mom, my throat hurts.
This is a very common complaint among school-age children. Parents may wonder, is it time for antibiotics, or is this a virus that has to run its course? Its difficult to determine the cause of a sore throat:It could be the result of anything from allergies to heartburn. However, two of the most common causes of throat pain are strep throat and tonsillitis. These two diseases have similar symptoms but are treated differently.
Tonsillitis is often caused by a virus, and antibiotics will not be effective against it. Strep throat is an infection that, if not treated, can cause serious problems that affect the heart and lungs.
So how can you tell the difference? Only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis, but here are some helpful guidelines.
You May Like: Vagisil Wipes For Yeast Infection
When To See A Doctor For A Throat Infection
Since many sore throats are just a symptom of a virus like a cold or the flu, which should clear up by itself, you dont need to run to the doctor as soon as your throat feels scratchy.
If you experience any of these symptoms, though, its time to contact a doctor:
- Severe sore throat
- Blood in saliva or phlegm
- Sore throat lasts more than a week
- Dark urine, rash, or chest pain
When Should I See My Doctor About A Sore Throat
In general, you should see a healthcare provider if:
You have a fever. You should see a healthcare provider if you have a sore throat and fever to make sure you dont have strep throat. This is especially important for children and teens.
You think you could have COVID-19. Sore throat is a common symptom of COVID-19 illness.
Your sore throat is getting worse. A sore throat from a virus should go away within a few days. It also shouldnt get worse over time. If your sore throat isnt getting better after 2 to 3 days you should see a healthcare provider even if home remedies are giving you temporary relief. You could have a sore throat for a different reason.
You have concerning symptoms. This includes neck swelling, trouble swallowing, voice changes, trouble speaking, or pain that makes it hard to move your neck.
Read Also: Sinus Infection Do I Need To See A Doctor
When Not To Use Antibiotics
Antibiotics are not the correct choice for all infections. For example, most sore throats, cough and colds, flu, COVID or acute sinusitis are viral in origin and do not need an antibiotic. These viral infections are self-limiting, meaning that your own immune system will usually kick in and fight the virus off.
Using antibiotics for viral infections can increase the risk for antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria cannot be fully inhibited or killed by an antibiotic, even though the antibiotic may have worked effectively before the resistance occurred. This can also lower your options for effective treatments if an antibiotic is needed eventually due to a secondary infection. Using unnecessary antibiotics also puts you at risk for side effects and adds extra cost.
It’s important not to share your antibiotic or take medicine that was prescribed for someone else, and don’t save an antibiotic to use the next time you get sick. It may not be the right drug for your illness.
To better understand antibiotics, its best to break them down into common infections, common antibiotics, and the top antibiotic classes as listed in Drugs.com.
What Are The Symptoms Of Strep Throat
Symptoms of strep throat include: Itchy and sore throat, small red spots on the roof of your mouth, the sudden onset of a fever that is 101Â° F or higher, general Fatigue, voice change/scratchy throat, headache, chills and shaking, appetite loss, nausea and vomiting, tender, swollen lymph nodes on either side of the neck, abdominal pain, a skin rash .
Don’t Miss: How To Prevent Yeast Infections While On Farxiga
Top 10 List Of Common Infections Treated With Antibiotics
Most antibiotics fall into their individual antibiotic classes. An antibiotic class is a grouping of different drugs that have similar chemical and pharmacologic properties. Their chemical structures may look comparable, and drugs within the same class may kill the same or related bacteria.
However, it is important not to use an antibiotic for an infection unless your doctor specifically prescribes it, even if it’s in the same class as another drug you were previously prescribed. Antibiotics are specific for the kind of bacteria they kill. Plus, you would need a full treatment regimen to effectively cure your infection, so don’t use or give away leftover antibiotics.
Note: Tables below are not all-inclusive, generics are available for many brands.
Strep Throat Treatment: Antibiotics And More
While uncomfortable, a sore throat on its own is not always cause for alarm and can often be treated with over-the-counter and home remedies.
But when accompanied by other symptoms, a scratchy, painful throat may be a sign of an infection.
If its strep throat, antibiotics can help, but if its a viral infection, antibiotic treatment not only doesnt work, it could cause unnecessary side effects.
Luckily, doctors can easily test for strep throat and recommend the appropriate treatment to help you feel better quickly.
In this article, Ill cover the causes, symptoms, and risks of strep throat, as well as how healthcare providers diagnose the infection.
Then Ill explain which antibiotics work to treat strep throat, how to prevent the infection, and when to see a doctor about your sore throat.
Read Also: Is Yellow Snot A Sinus Infection
Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours
- Urine is pink or tea color
- Taking antibiotic more than 24 hours, and sore throat pain is severe. The pain is not better 2 hours after taking pain medicines.
- Taking antibiotic more than 48 hours and fever still there or comes back
- Taking antibiotic more than 3 days and other Strep symptoms not better
- You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent
Other Uses For This Medicine
Clarithromycin also is used sometimes to treat other types of infections including Lyme disease , cryptosporidiosis , cat scratch disease , Legionnaires’ disease, , and pertussis . It is also sometimes used to prevent heart infection in patients having dental or other procedures. Talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this medication for your condition.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
You May Like: Do You Need Antibiotics For Urinary Tract Infection
Description Of The Intervention
The administration of antibiotics is likely to shorten the time to the remittance of symptoms and reduce the likelihood of complications in patients whose sore throat has a bacteriological aetiology . However, their benefits may be limited in the treatment of sore throat more generally . Traditionally, doctors have attempted to decide whether the cause of the infection is bacterial, especially when caused by the group A betahaemolytic Streptococcus . However, deciding the aetiological agent is difficult .
What Are The Best Tips For Ear Infection Pain Relief
Ear infections can cause overwhelming distress. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, are often the most effective way to reduce any fever and relieve acute pain. Sometimes, antibiotics are prescribed to cure the infection and reduce irritation. Placing medicated drops into the affected ear, or applying a warm compress, are also frequently recommended and helpful in achieving ear infection pain relief. In many cases, using a hairdryer near the ear can offer immediate, albeit temporary, alleviation of discomfort.
When an infection is present, doctors sometimes prescribe oral antibiotics to get rid of it and to aid in ear infection pain relief. If the symptoms are severe, or if it is believed that the medicine will be helpful, they may suggest or prescribe it. Not all cases require this type of treatment, however.
As an alternative to an oral antibiotic, or sometimes in addition to it, pain-relieving eardrops are recommended. Usually, these drops are warmed, and with the patient lying on his or her side with the affected ear facing up, they can be administered to ease discomfort. This form of pain relief is generally most effective when used in conjunction with over-the-counter pain medications.
Recommended Reading: Can Antibiotics Cause Blood In Stool In Dogs
Don’t Miss: Over The Counter Pain Relief For Tooth Infection
Where To Buy Antibiotics For Ear Infections
You may buy antibiotics to treat ear infections in regular pharmacies, as well. However, many patients prefer to buy antibiotics online. In the USA, there are several advantages to this:
- a huge number of online pharmacies, where you can find the required antibiotic
- many online pharmacies offer free shipping on the USA territory
- antibiotics purchase is carried out under the conditions of complete anonymity
- buying antibiotics online does not require a doctors prescription
- online pharmacies usually offer bonuses and discounts, when buying antibiotics.
Read Also: Antibiotic Eye Drops For Chemical Burn
What Is The Best Home Remedy For Strep Throat
While there is no known cure for strep throat with home remedies, there are ways to treat the symptoms of sore throat. Some options to help alleviate the symptoms of strep throat at home include:
- Drinking plenty of warm liquids, such as hot tea, soups, or broth. This will alleviate some of the irritation of the sore throat and keep you hydrated. Adding honey, peppermint, licorice root, or ginger to your tea can also help soothe your throat.
- Eating something cold, like a popsicle, or sucking on hard candy or lozenges can also help relieve some of the throat soreness.
- Gargling with warm salt water may reduce swelling and irritation in the throat. Mix ¼ to ½ teaspoon of salt in 8 oz of warm water and gargle . This can be done every hour for relief.
- Getting plenty of rest to help your body fight the infection.
- Avoiding acidic foods that may irritate your throat, such as citrus fruits or tomatoes.
- Taking over-the-counter medications and pain relievers, such as Tylenol, Motrin, Aleve, or Advil may be used to help reduce fever and pain associated with strep throat.
- Running a humidifier can help keep mucous membranes moist and decrease some of the irritation caused by a strep throat infection.
Recommended Reading: Quick Relief For Yeast Infection
What Are Some Home Remedies For Sore Throat
If you dont have fever or any other concerning symptoms, you can try treating your sore throat at home. If your sore throat is from a virus, these remedies may help you feel better. Unfortunately, none of them will cure your sore throat or make it go away faster. Only time can do that. But while youre waiting, it helps to be as comfortable as possible.
If you have strep throat, these things can also help relieve your sore throat until the antibiotics start to kick in. People with strep throat usually start to feel better 24 to 48 hours after starting antibiotics.
Check If You Have Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis can feel like a bad cold or flu. The tonsils at the back of your throat will be red and swollen.
The main symptoms in children and adults are:
- a high temperature of 38C or above
Sometimes the symptoms can be more severe and include:
- swollen, painful glands in your neck
- white pus-filled spots on your tonsils
Look at other sore throat symptoms.
You May Like: Medicine To Treat Kidney Infection
How Can I Ease Sore Throat Pain
Treatment for a sore throat depends on the cause. Some general tips to relieve sore throat discomfort include:
- Drink warm fluids, such as hot tea with lemon or broth.
- Increase the total amount of fluids you drink. This keeps you hydrated and prevents your throat from getting dry.
- Gargle with salt water .
- If you are an adult, keep your throat moist with throat lozenges, ice chips, or hard candies. Do not give lozenges or hard candies to children under two years of age. They are a choking hazard. Instead, give your child a popsicle.
- Use a numbing throat spray or cold liquids to reduce pain.
- Use a humidifier or vaporizer to add moisture to rooms you spend time in, especially your bedroom when you are sleeping.
- Get plenty of rest â at least 8 hours of sleep a night.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist about possible over-the-counter medicines to try. Never give aspirin to children because it can cause Reyes syndrome. Do not give cough or cold medicines to children under four years of age unless your doctor tells you to.
More specific sore throat treatments based on its cause include the following:
To prevent infections that cause sore throat, wash your hands often , stay away from people who are sick and sneezing and coughing, and dont share utensils, food or drink with people who are sick.
Why Should You Treat A Bacterial Tooth Infection With Antibiotics
Any infection that is in your head or neck, such as a tooth infection, should be taken very seriously. This is because the infection may spread to your braina potentially life threatening condition.
Bacterial infections are unlikely to go away on their own. Most oral bacterial infections need antibiotic treatment to fight off the infection. Without antibiotics for a tooth infection, you risk allowing the infection to spread.
You May Like: Bnp Triple Antibiotic Ophthalmic Ointment
Read Also: How Much Antibiotics For Tooth Infection
What Is Scarlet Fever
Scarlet fever is the name given to a bright red rash that develops following a Strep throat, although it can also develop following school sores .
Scarlet fever is less common than it was one hundred years ago because of antibiotic use and it only occurs in those who are susceptible to the toxins produced by the Streptococcal bacteria. It mostly occurs in children aged 4 to 8 years. By 10 years old more than 80% of children have developed lifelong protective antibodies against streptococcal toxins, whilst infants younger than 2 still have antibodies against the toxin that they acquired from their mother. This means that if two children in one family develop Strep throat, only one may develop scarlet fever.
Scarlet fever is a bright red rash that feels like sandpaper to the touch. The rash typically starts on the neck, underarm, or groin as small, flat red blotches that gradually become fine bumps and feel rough to the touch. In the body folds the rash may appear a brighter red . Facial flushing is common although a pale area may remain around the mouth. After seven days, the rash fades and some skin peeling may occur over the next month or longer, particularly around the fingertips, toes, and groin area.
Left untreated, Scarlet fever may progress to:
- Ear, sinus, and skin infections
- Joint inflammation
- Rheumatic fever