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Abbreviation Of Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology

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The official abbreviation of the Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology is Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol. it is a standardized way to abstract, index, and reference a particular journal according to ISO 4. For example, if youre looking for a scientific journal that particularly publishes research related to Microbiology in /then you can gather the required information from Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.

This abbreviation of the title meets all the criteria issued by ISO4 for choosing journal title abbreviations.

The official abbreviation of the Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology is Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol.

Study Population And Characteristics

A total of 15,961 cases of RSV and 30,892 control cases were included in the matched cohorts . Cohorts of increasing prematurity were associated at baseline with a correspondingly higher proportion of multiple births, higher proportion of neonatal intensive care unit admission and longer length of NICU stay in the first month of life, higher use of mechanical ventilation, prophylaxis with palivizumab, higher cost, and more chronic conditions. Propensity score weighting resulted in balanced sub-cohorts of RSV children diagnosed in the first , second , and third year or later and their associated controls. Total average pre-index costs as well as the receipt of prophylaxis pre-index also were balanced. Among late preterm and term infants in the Year 1 cohort, the control groups had received a slightly higher average cumulative dose of palivizumab compared to those with RSV .

Table 1 Demographics and Clinical Characteristics of Matched Cohorts Diagnosed in Year 1

Figure 1 Patient disposition.

Abbreviations: DOB, date of birth wGA, weeks of gestational age.

The Healthy Oral Microbiota

The Human Oral Microbiome Database lists the most prevalent phyla in the adult human oral cavity as being composed of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Fusobacteria . This has also been corroborated in other studies . In March 2020 the HOMD listed 784 different bacterial taxa and 1,567 genomes detected in the human oral microbiome taxonomic hierarchy . The majority of these belong to the Firmicutes phylum and furthermore to the Streptococcaceae family .

The total volume of oral bacteria is around 1011 bacteria/mL . The main genus in the oral cavity is Streptococcus,in addition to Haemophilus, Leptotrichia, Porphyromonas, Prevotella, Propionibacterium, Staphylococcus, Veillonella, and Treponema . Nonetheless, some bacterial species are more site specific while others can flourish in multiple locations simultaneously . Oral microbiota present the lowest diversity but the highest diversity compared to other body sites, and there are only few alterations in oral cavity microbiota composition between different individuals . Since the oral cavity is under constant exposure to exogenous microorganisms while eating, drinking, and breathing, it is not always easy to determine which specific species are indigenous and which are only transient . In addition, oral microbiota vary according to age, gender, and even level of education . Nevertheless, once established, oral microbiota remain relatively stable .

Fig. 1.

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Is Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Pubmed Indexed Journal

PubMed is a free search engine accessing primarily the MEDLINE database of references and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topics. The United States National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health maintain the database as part of the Entrez system of information retrieval.

Yes the Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology is PUBMED Indexed Journal.

Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology PUBMED Indexed Journal :

Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology H

Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology has an h-index of 87. It means 87 articles of this journal have more than 87 number of citations.The h-index is a way of measuring the productivity and citation impact of the publications. The h-index is defined as the maximum value of h such that the given journal/author has published h papers that have each been cited at least h number of times.

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Protective Versus Susceptible Immune Responses To S Aureus

In contrast to anti-IsdB antibodies, antibodies to the glucosaminidase subunit of S. aureus autolysin can elicit protection against S. aureus osteomyelitis in mice,. Most interestingly, high levels of anti-Gmd antibodies in patients correlated with a marked reduction in adverse outcomes due to S. aureus infection, suggesting a protective response. In agreement with the protective humoral immune proteome hypothesis, patients with high IgG concentrations against other S. aureus antigens, such as amidase , IsdH, CHIPS, SCIN and Hla, had a significant reduction in adverse outcomes. The protective potential of anti-S. aureus antibody responses against toxins and superantigens has also been explored,. In particular, the lack of anti-TSST1 antibodies correlated with increased risks of S. aureus toxic shock syndrome. Collectively, these studies make a strong case for prophylactic vaccines that can reverse this susceptibility towards a protective immune proteome before elective orthopaedic surgery.

Publications And Citation Counts By Year

For each year, the table below lists the number of citable publications the total number of times citable publications were cited in 2021, including self-citations the cumulative percent of the number of times citable publications were cited by publications in 2021, including self-citations the total number of times citable publications were cited in 2021, not including self-citations the cumulative percent of the number of times citable publications were cited by publications in 2021, not including self-citations the percentage of citations that were self-citations and the impact factor, which is the number of times citable articles from the previous two years were cited in the given year . Citable publications are those whose Medline/Pubmed type is “Journal Article”, which in general includes things like original research, meta-analysis, and reviews, but does not include editorials or letters. Self-citations are those where an author cites a previous publication that he or she wrote. Self-citation does NOT mean an article in a journal citing an article in that same journal.


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Pcr Amplification And Analysis Of Data

Dream Taq Green PCR Master Mix was applied for specific gene amplification as per manufacturer protocol using Creacon Polymerase Chain Reaction system cycler. The PCR conditions were constructed according to Michodigni et al.17 The amplified PCR products were separated through agarose gel electrophoresis and then stained with ethidium bromide. Gel documentation system was used for visualization and analysis of data utilizing Totallab analysis software .

Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Issn

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The ISSN of Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology is 22352988. ISSN stands for International Standard Serial Number.

An ISSN is a unique code of 8 digits. It is used for the recognition of journals, newspapers, periodicals, and magazines in all kind of forms, be it print-media or electronic.

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Delineating The One Health Domains Involved In Abr

According to the WHO recommendations, the ABR should be specifically used to describe resistant bacteria because humans and animals themselves have not become antibiotic-resistant . The ABR is a major component of One Health studies as it is a leading concern for global public health, food safety, and food security. The major domains of One Health directly linked with ABR include surveillance and reporting of ABR, tracking transmission dynamics of MDR pathogens at the human-animal-environment triad, awareness, community education, policy decisions, and preparation of the technical workforce to decrease ABR. In human clinical settings, antibiotic-resistant infections or antibiotic-resistant patients may be used because this term describes the patient that harbors the antibiotic-resistant pathogen and who is a potential risk factor for the distribution of ABR. In an environmental setting, hospital-acquired infections associated with resistant pathogens may be described as antibiotic-resistant hospitals to restrain the dissemination of ABR . The term antibiotic-resistant environments, like contaminated soil, polluted rivers, sewage, waste, etc., would allow grading of different environmental niches with their potential risk of ABR transmission.

Antibiotic Resistance Mechanisms In Bacteria

Generally, there are two resistance mechanisms which a bacterium may use to resist the antibiotics intrinsic mechanism of resistance acquired mechanism of resistance. Resistance mechanism in which bacteria resist the action of the antibiotics through functional characteristics or in-built structural component is termed as intrinsic resistance. For example, Pseudomonas has the ability to resist a broad spectrum antibiotic named Triclosan, it displays this resistance due to the presence of an insensitive target site for triclosan . Another example is related to daptomycin that is unsuccessful against enterobactrales, because anionic phospholipids are present in lower proportion in the cytoplasmic membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. So, Ca2+-mediated insertion of daptomycin into the membrane is reduced . Moreover, some antibiotics are usually unable to go across the bacterial membrane, which is considered as intrinsic mechanism of resistance as well. For instance, vancomycin targets d-Ala-d- Ala peptides and impedes the peptidoglycan network in Gram-positive bacteria, whereas it cannot cross the outer membrane in Gram-negative bacteria . There are certain genes e.g. AmpC, blaSHV,TrxA , TrxB etc. which are also considered as liable for intrinsic resistance against various antibioitcs like -lactams, aminoglycosides, rifampicin, triclosan and flouroquinolones etc .

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Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Indexing


An indexed journal means that the journal has gone through and passed a review process of certain requirements done by a journal indexer.

The Web of Science Core Collection includes the Science Citation Index Expanded , Social Sciences Citation Index , Arts & Humanities Citation Index , and Emerging Sources Citation Index .

Interactive Review Stage Quality

  • The Associate Editor assesses the reviews and activates the Interactive Review informing the authors of the extent of revisions that are required to address the reviewers comments, and starting the Interactive Discussion Forum where authors and also the reviewers get full access to all review reports.

  • Manuscript and review quality at this stage are enhanced by allowing authors and reviewers to discuss directly with each other in real-time until they reach consensus and a final version of the manuscript is endorsed by the reviewers.

  • Reviewer identity is protected at this stage to safeguard complete freedom of opinion.

  • Reviewers can recommend rejection at this stage if their requests to correct objective errors are not being met by the authors or if they deem the article overall of insufficient quality.

  • Should a dispute arise, authors or reviewers can trigger an arbitration and will alert the Associate Editor, who can assign more reviewers and/or bring the dispute to the attention of the Chief Editor. The Associate Editor can also weigh in on the discussion and is asked to mediate the process to ensure a constructive revision stage.

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    Global Distribution Of Abr Via One Health

    Although it is believed that ARGs existed in nature before the discovery of antibiotics, the emergence and spread of ABR in pathogenic strains occurred in response to the development and use of these agents. It is considered that the current menace of ABR developed gradually among pathogenic bacteria through evolution in response to various factors . The important One Health factors of global ABR distribution include intensive food production, globalization of food distribution, international travel , changing climate, increased population density or growth, and urbanization. The global burden of ABR is plausibly associated with excessive use of antibiotics in animals and humans, antibiotics sold over the counter, increased international travel and trading, migratory birds, refugees, climate change, poor sanitation/hygiene, and the release of non-metabolized antibiotics or their residues into the environment . These factors result in genetic selection pressure on bacteria , ARG distribution in the environment, and the spread of MDR pathogens in the community .

    Figure 3 Illustration showing the ABR in a One Health One World perspective.

    Safeguards Against Financial Conflicts Of Interest

  • Only leading researchers acting as Associate Editors, who are not part of Frontiers staff, can make acceptance decisions based on reviews performed by external experts acting as Review Editors or reviewers. None have a financial incentive to accept articles, i.e. they are not paid for their role to act as Associate or Review Editors, and any award scheme is not linked to acceptances of manuscripts.

  • Chief Editors receive an honorarium if their specialty section or field reaches certain submission levels. However, this honorarium is based on the total number of submitted articles during a calendar year, and not the number of accepted articles. Therefore they also have no financial incentive to accept manuscripts.

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    Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Details

    Journal Name
    Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology SJR

    Evaluating scientific quality is a notoriously difficult problem that has no standard solution. Ideally, published scientific results should be inspected by real experts in the field and should be given scores for quality and quantity according to the rules established.

    But it is now thrust upon committees and institutes which are trying to find alternatives to evaluate research using metrics like IF. The quality of scientific knowledge a journal contains and prestige of a journal is calculated using certain metrics and one such metric is Impact Factor. Impact Factor or journal impact factor is a measure of the number of times an average paper in a journal is cited, during a year. This number is released by Clarivate Analytics. They have complete control over this. Only the journals that are listed with Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index are eligible to get an Impact factor score.

    The impact factor was coined by Eugene Garfield, who founded the Institute for Scientific Information . Impact factors have been calculated yearly starting from 1975 for journals that are listed in the Journal Citation Reports . ISI was acquired by Thomson Scientific & Healthcare in 1992 and was renamed Thomson ISI. In 2018, Thomson ISI was bought up by Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity Asia. Both of them founded a new corporation, Clarivate Analytics, which publishes JCR.

    Antibiotic Resistance: One Health One World Outlook

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    • 1Department of Microbiology, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
    • 2Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
    • 3College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
    • 4Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Kunming University of Life Science and Technology, Kunming, China
    • 5Public Health Laboratories Division, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan
    • 6Faculty of Rehabilitation and Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

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    Iii Other Science Influence Indicators

    Any impact factor or scientometric indicator alone will not give you the full picture of a science journal. There are also other factors such as H-Index, Self-Citation Ratio, SJR, SNIP, etc. Researchers may also consider the practical aspect of a journal such as publication fees, acceptance rate, review speed.

    Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Is Among The Top 10 Most

    Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology ranks among the worlds top open-access microbiology journals in terms of influence and quality, as shown by our analysis of the 2017 Journal Citation Reports , 2017 CiteScore edition and other impact metrics.

    • The worlds 6th most-cited open-access journal in the JCR category of Microbiology, with 1,052 citations in 2017 to 511 articles published in 2015 and 2016
    • The worlds 5th most-cited journal in the CiteScore category of Microbiology, with 1,986 citations in 2017 to 500 articles published in 2014, 2015 and 2016
    • Ranks in the 68th percentile of journal Impact Factors in the JCR Microbiology category, with an Impact Factor of 3.520
    • Ranks in the 82nd CiteScore percentile in the Microbiology category, 87th CiteScore percentile in the Medical Microbiology category and 89th CiteScore percentile in the Infectious Diseases category, with a CiteScore of 3.97
    • 1,500 published articles to date
    • 9,600 citations to date
    • 6 million article views and downloads to date
    • Articles mentioned 180 times in the news to date
    • Articles mentioned 7,500 times on social media to date

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    Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Ranking And Scimago Journal Rank

    The Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology is ranked 2398 among 27339 Journals, Conferences, and Book Series.As per SJR, this journal is ranked 1.389.

    SCImago Journal Rank is an indicator, which measures the scientific influence of journals. It considers the number of citations received by a journal and the importance of the journals from where these citations come.

    Persister Cells And Scvs

    Skeletal infections also involve bacteria existing as persister cells and as SCVs, which can arise due to environmental triggers such as oxidative stress, nutrient limitation, intracellular residence and low pH. SCVs can be present in all of the persistence mechanisms described above , further contributing to infection severity and complicating treatment.

    SCVs are characterized by small colony size, slow growth, and reduced virulence and have been described in biopsies of patients with skeletal infection. The low virulence of these strains does not seem to reduce fitness to cause disease and may support evasion of host immune defences, although the precise mechanisms remain to be determined. By contrast, persister cells are a sub-set of any bacterial population characterized by their ability to survive high bactericidal antibiotic concentrations without exhibiting any antibiotic resistance mechanism. In this case, persistence is believed to be a naturally occurring heterogeneity phenomenon within bacterial populations and induced by the ppGpp alarmone-induced stringent response, the SOS response, and biofilm formation. Both SCV and persister cells can contribute to failure of antibiotic therapy and recurrence of infection, and are at present not adequately addressed in current medical treatment options for patients with skeletal infections.

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    Is Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology Peer Reviewed

    Peer review means that a board of scholarly reviewers in the domain of the journal, review materials they publish for quality of research and adherence to editorial standards of the journal, before articles are accepted for publication.

    Its the ultimate litmus test for scientists and researchers to verify their findings.

    When an article on an experiment and its hypothesis is submitted to a scholarly journal for publishing then it is meticulously tested.

    If a journal makes an article goes through the process of peer-review before being published then it is a peer-review journal.

    Yes Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology is Peer-Reviewed Journal and Published by Frontiers Research Foundation.

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