When To See A Medical Provider
If any symptoms of BV or a yeast infection last longer than a few days, or if they impact your quality of life, talk to a medical provider.
BV and yeast infections are some of the most common vaginal conditions faced by women of reproductive age, and your provider will know how to distinguish between them.
Treatment For Bv And Yeast Infections
Since yeast infections and BV are caused by different microbes, theyâre treated by different types of medication.
BV is treated with prescription antibiotics that can either be taken orally or vaginally.
Yeast infections are treated with prescription or over-the-counter antifungal medications called azole antifungals â like clotrimazole, miconazole , and terconazole â which also can be either oral or vaginal treatments.
Both BV and yeast infections have an annoying habit of resisting treatment or coming back â just our luck. Researchers are still trying to find effective, long-term treatment options for recurrent vaginal infections so prevention is key.
You May Like: Yeast Infection One Pill Diflucan
Tea Tree Oil For Yeast Infections
I have been applying tea tree oil topically to ease itching for many many years now. The Tea Tree Oil has a cooling effect and I find it great relief from the itching.
This is what works for me. It may not work for every body.
Always dilute the oil as it can be really strong on the skin. I also apply coconut or olive oil to not dry out the skin and cause more itching.
Recommended Reading: When A Wisdom Tooth Is Infected
Also Check: Z Pack To Treat Sinus Infection
Preventing A Yeast Infection From Antibiotics
Vaginal candidiasis can be annoying and uncomfortable, especially if you are recovering from an initial condition. Unfortunately, reports have shown that hospitals in the USA receive an annual estimated over 1.4 million outpatient visits from women because of vaginal candidiasis. Heres how you can protect yourself from becoming a part of that number.
The best and most effective way to prevent vaginal candidiasis from developing after taking antibiotics is only to take antibiotics as prescribed to you by a doctor or healthcare professional. This is because taking antibiotics causes an imbalance of bacteria in the body, which will only be intensified and possibly cause harmful effects if you take them without a prescription.
What Are The Side Effects
Antibiotic treatment kills not only gardnerella , but also useful bacteria in the vaginal flora that work to keep other germs in check. This means that antibiotic treatment can sometimes end up causing a vaginal yeast infection . This happens to about 10% of women who use clindamycin or metronidazole. Itching and a thick, white discharge are typical signs of a yeast infection, and it can also be treated with medication.
Other side effects may also occur. Metronidazole tablets leave behind a metallic taste in about 10% of women. Less commonly, they cause nausea and vomiting. Clindamycin is very well tolerated when used as a cream, and aside from yeast infections it has no other known side effects.
Also Check: Medication For Middle Ear Infection
Risk Factors For Developing Yeast Infections While On Antibiotics
Many factors can cause the development of vaginal candidiasis after taking antibiotics. In some cases, the initial condition can also cause an infection. In contrast, the risk of certain conditions is only enhanced once the antibiotics enter the body.
Here are some of the most common causes:
- Weak immune system A more vulnerable immune system cannot protect the body from bacterial infections like a vaginal yeast infection. This can be caused by other medication or treatment practices, like chemotherapy.
- Pregnancy Pregnant women are more prone to vaginal yeast infections due to the changes in their hormones during pregnancy. This causes an increased vaginal discharge.
- Diabetes Higher blood sugar levels can be a root cause of vaginal yeast infections.
- Sexual intercourse Sexual intercourse requires a lot of bodily contact while allowing bacteria to be passed on from one sexual organ to another during the process. This can cause vaginal candidiasis to develop.
What Does This Mean For Your Vaginal Wellness
Having BV and a UTI at the same time presents a challenge. It can be treated with antibiotics, however, due to the nonspecific nature of antibiotics, the good bacteria and vaginal flora are put at risk, leading to greater opportunities for a Yeast Infection to happen and an overgrowth of bad bacteria.
And as we just learned, this can lead to recurrent UTIs if G. Vaginalis is present.
Recommended Reading: Reduce Swelling From Tooth Infection
What Are The Symptoms Of Bv
Many women have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may include:
- Unusual vaginal discharge. The discharge can be white or gray. It may also be foamy or watery. Some women report a strong fish-like odor, especially after sex.
- Burning when urinating
- Vaginal irritation
These symptoms may be similar to vaginal yeast infections and other health problems. Only your doctor or nurse can tell you for sure whether you have BV.
Antibiotics Are Used To Treat Bv
An antibiotic called metronidazole can be used to treat the infection. If your doctor prescribes metronidazole you will need to:
- Take the antibiotic twice a day for seven days.
- Take the tablets after meals this can reduce the nausea and upset stomach that is sometimes associated with metronidazole.
- Avoid drinking alcohol during treatment.
You May Like: Do Yeast Infections Get Worse Before They Get Better
Yeast Infection Vs Bacterial Vaginosis
|Caused by an overgrowth of harmful bacteria, e.g., Gardnerella vaginalis||Caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida Albicans fungus|
|Causes a burning sensation often when urinating||Causes a burning sensation when urinating or during sex|
|Causes thin white, yellow, or grey vaginal discharge that is often noticed after vaginal intercourse||Causes white discharge that is often thick|
|Antibiotics prescription medications are used for treatment||Antifungal medications are used for medical treatment|
Other Causes Of Vaginitis
There is no cause of vaginitis identified in up to 30% of women. These women may have a range of conditions, including irritant or allergic vaginitis, atrophic vaginitis, or physiologic discharge.35 Inflammatory vaginitis is an uncommon condition characterized by purulent discharge, burning, and dyspareunia, and should be considered in patients with these symptoms if no infectious cause is found. Inflammatory vaginitis is associated with low estrogen levels, such as in menopausal or perimenopausal women.36
You May Like: Outer Ear Infection Antibiotic Drops
When Should I Call My Healthcare Provider
- Discharge that changes color or consistency.
- Discharge that smells different than usual.
- Vaginal itching, burning, swelling or soreness.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Although bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection, it can make you vulnerable to more serious conditions. Dont put off seeing your healthcare provider if you notice anything unusual. A simple course of antibiotics could set things straight.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/05/2020.
Bacterial Vaginosis Vs Yeast Infection Symptoms
Both these forms of vaginitis are typically accompanied by vaginal itching, burning sensations and discomfort, with a few key differences in symptoms. There is one typical, major difference between symptoms of a yeast infection vs BV: discharge color. Beyond that, the other key difference is the odor.
Read Also: How To Make A Tooth Infection Stop Hurting
Frequency Of Recurrent Bv
Treatment trials report cure rates of 8090% at 1 week, but recurrence rates of 1530% within 3 months. In a study of long term follow up of women who had been successfully treated for BV, 48% remained BV free, and 52% had at least one further episode. The mean follow up was 6.9 years. Most relapses were during the first year and were significantly correlated with new sexual contacts. So following successful treatment, half of women will stay cured for years.
What Can Happen If Bv Is Not Treated
If BV is untreated, possible problems may include:6
- Higher risk of getting STIs, including HIV. Having BV can raise your risk of getting HIV, genital herpes, chlamydia, pelvic inflammatory disease, and gonorrhea. Women with HIV who get BV are also more likely to pass HIV to a male sexual partner.
- Pregnancy problems. BV can lead to premature birth or a low-birth-weight baby . All pregnant women with symptoms of BV should be tested and treated if they have it.
Don’t Miss: Can I Take Amoxicillin For A Bladder Infection
What Is Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal infection caused by bacteria. It is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge that occurs in reproductive-age women .
Bacterial vaginosis may cause a “fishy” odor and cause vaginal irritation in some women. Others may not have any symptoms.
Bacterial vaginosis is associated with poor obstetrics and gynecologic outcomes such as preterm delivery, infection after surgeries such as a hysterectomy, and may make a woman more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections, especially HIV.
Latest Womens Health News
Antifungal medications are used to treat yeast infections, and antifungal preparations are available over-the-counter for yeast vaginitis. Examples of antifungal medications include fluconazole, terconazole , clotrimazole , miconazole , butoconazole , and Nystatin.
Metronidazole is the drug of choice for treating Trichomonas infections.
Vaginitis due to thinning and irritation of the vaginal wall as a result of lowered estrogen levels at menopause can be treated with hormonal therapy, either in topical or oral form. Non-hormonal vaginal lubricant products are also available.
Christina has been a writer since 2010 and has an M.F.A. from The New School for Social Research. Christina specializes in writing about health issues and education.
A yeast infection, also known as vaginal candidiasis, is a vaginal infection.
In 92% of cases, the infection is caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. The remainder of yeast infections are caused by a fungus known as Candida. These fungi are normally present in warm and moist areas of the human body, and between 20% to 50% of all women carry this yeast without having any associated symptoms.
Also Check: Young Living Oils For Ear Infection
Tips To Prevent Yeast Infection From Antibiotics
There are many ways to protect against vaginal candidiasis developing while taking antibiotics. For the best results, try to practice these simple habits while taking antibiotics to prevent a bacterial infection.
1. Avoid hot water and stick to cold or lukewarm water during baths. Yeast is more likely to grow when the body is subjected to increased heat.
3. Avoid feminine hygiene products. Although these products are advertised to protect against vaginal infections and other similar conditions, the level of acidic pH inside these products can cause an imbalance in the vaginas bacterial count, which causes infection.
4. Do not use scented tampons. Like feminine products, these tampons also contain certain ingredients in the material that can disrupt the bodys natural bacterial count.
6. Only take antibiotics when prescribed.
7. Practice quality personal hygiene
Which Treatments Are Effective For Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis can cause symptoms such as discharge with an unpleasant smell. The clindamycin and metronidazole are both effective treatments for bacterial vaginosis. There has not yet been enough research on the possible benefits of lactic acid treatments.
Bacterial vaginosis is quite common and caused by changes in the vaginal flora that allow the rapid growth of specific types of .
The infection can cause a thin, grayish-white discharge with an unpleasant smell, but it often goes undetected. If it does produce symptoms, can be used as an effective treatment, even during pregnancy. Treatment can help lower the slightly increased risk of miscarriage due to the infection, too.
Read Also: Clove Essential Oil For Tooth Infection
Which Antibiotics Cause Yeast Infections
Do all antibiotics cause yeast infections? Its a good questionespecially if there are multiple options available to treat your condition. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are most likely to throw off your bodys natural bacterial balance, such as:
What Are The Best Ways To Treat Them
Your treatment will likely depend on the severity and, for yeast infections, the frequency of the conditions. But they break down something like this.
For yeast infectionsTreatments for mild to moderate infections might include antifungal medications or a one-time, single dose of the prescription medicine diflucan. The antifungal medications can be found OTC or by prescription. And they typically come in different forms . Note: diflucan isnt recommended for people who are pregnant. More severe yeast infections might require long-term use of those antifungal meds, more than one dose of the diflucan.
For bacterial vaginosisThere are no OTC meds that can treat BV. So your doc might recommend antibiotics or antiprotozoals . They can come in oral, cream, and gel forms. Your doctor might recommend a different treatment plan or give you another round of antibiotics if the infection doesnt go away.
As always, make sure to talk to your doc about the best treatment options for your particular case.
Also Check: Can Salt Water Get Rid Of Tooth Infection
How Is Bv Treated
BV is treated with antibiotics prescribed by your doctor.
If you get BV, your male sex partner won’t need to be treated. But, if you are female and have a female sex partner, she might also have BV. If your current partner is female, she needs to see her doctor. She may also need treatment.
It is also possible to get BV again. Learn how to lower your risk for BV.
BV and vaginal yeast infections are treated differently. BV is treated with antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. Yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter medicines. But you cannot treat BV with over-the-counter yeast infection medicine.
Can Bacterial Vaginosis Be Prevented
Most episodes of bacterial vaginosis occur for no apparent reason and they cannot be prevented. The following are thought to help prevent some episodes of bacterial vaginosis . The logic behind these tips is to try not to upset the normal balance of germs in the vagina:
- Do not add bath oils, antiseptics, scented soaps, perfumed bubble bath, shampoos, etc, to bath water.
- Do not use strong detergents to wash your underwear.
- Dont use perfumed intimate hygiene products.
- Using a condom and/or a water-based lubricant during intercourse may help protect you.
- Avoid thongs and tight nylon tights.
- Have showers rather than baths.
- Lighter periods seem to make BV less likely to return, so if you have heavy periods and were considering seeking treatment, this might be another reason to do so.
You May Like: My Iphone Is Infected With Malware
You May Like: Infection Control In Dental Laboratory
When Should I Have Treatment For Bacterial Vaginosis
The body is often very good at getting back its own balance. The disruption in the balance of vaginal germs that causes BV may correct naturally, with time. So, if you have no symptoms or only mild symptoms, you may not need any treatment, particularly if you take some of the general healthy steps above.
You normally need treatment for BV if it is causing symptoms, or if the characteristic smell is noticeable to you. If you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant, or about to have a gynaecological procedure then you may be advised to get treatment for BV.
PregnancyIf you are pregnant and you are found to have BV then you will usually be offered antibiotic treatment with oral metronidazole .
If you are trying to conceive and you think you may have BV, it is a good idea to try to eradicate the BV through natural methods or treatment prior to conceiving. If you have symptoms then you should discuss having antibiotic treatment with your doctor.
Termination of pregnancyIf you are found to have BV and are undergoing a termination of pregnancy, treatment with antibiotics may be advised even if you do not have any symptoms. This is because there is otherwise a risk of BV causing infection of the womb or pelvis after the procedure. This could lead to later fertility problems.
Read Also: Can You Give Yourself A Yeast Infection
Do I Have A Yeast Infection Or Bv
BV and yeast infections sometimes present very differently. For example, a strong fishy smell is exclusively a BV symptom, while white, clumpy discharge is the hallmark symptom of a yeast infection.
However, both conditions can produce symptoms that are a bit ambiguous â BV may be asymptomatic and yeast infections may be more irritating than they are visually apparent.
Here are the full lists of symptoms to help distinguish between the two:
Recommended Reading: Best Otc Male Yeast Infection Treatment
The Three Forms Of Antibiotics
Antibiotics come in three forms. The most common type of antibiotic is oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics may come in pill or liquid form to treat minor infections. Topical antibiotics are usually infused in creams or lotions for skin infections. Lastly, antibiotics can be injected into the body if severe conditions have been found within the blood or the muscles. Antibiotics can harm the body if taken outside of a medical prescription, so consult a healthcare professional if you feel you need to take antibiotics.
How Can We Support Recovery From Uti And Bv Or Yeast Infection
Melissa: Right, definitely. And thats kind of the next question: What can you do to support that recovery? But youre suggesting that you should really start that immediately, not wait until you start to have symptoms again.
Dr. Hlavinka: My patients, forgive me for interrupting, Melissa. My patients get a prescription for high-dose probiotics and specifically how to take them. With the same prescription they get a dietary handout that shows them what to avoid that may cause problems with the antibiotics.
Were very specific about how to take the antibiotics with other food, so you dont have an interaction or diminishment in absorption. How to take them with the timing with the probiotics.
What to do for vaginal health during that time. What you can do to support vaginal health during that time. All those things we send them out at the same time.
Recommended Reading: Can You Have An Odor With A Yeast Infection