Why Would You Need Oral Surgery
Oral surgery is incredibly common and is performed for a variety of reasons. Mouth pain can be debilitating, so oral surgery is often used to address common causes of pain and discomfort. Tooth extractions are the most recognized form of oral surgery, and include removing teeth that are damaged, decayed, or impacted . Oral surgery can correct jaw-joint issues , overbites or underbites, and sleep and breathing issues, as well as replace missing teeth via dental implants. Facial trauma can also be addressed through oral surgery and the damaged area can be reconstructed. Positive oral health promotes positive overall health, so seeking care when you are experiencing an oral issue is essential.
Bone Infection After A Tooth Extraction: Symptoms And Complications
The South African Dental Association states that tooth extraction may be necessary when a tooth becomes infected, is damaged in an accident or causes excessive crowding in the patient’s mouth. During the extraction process, a dentist removes the tooth from its bony socket in the upper or lower jaw, and the bone is left to heal.
While most extractions are safe and straightforward, complications can arise in some cases, including a bone infection after a tooth extraction. Here’s what to look for if you are concerned about complications developing after your tooth extraction. If you experience any severe symptoms, see your dentist as soon as possible.
Post Tooth Extraction Infections & How To Beat Them
Once a tooth has been extracted, bacteria will still be alive in the mouth, even more so with those who have bad oral hygiene. Infections are very common following extractions. Depending on how bad the tooth was that the dentist removed, he may prescribe you some antibiotics to take that will greatly reduce your risk of getting an infection. In some cases though, even antibiotics cant prevent an infection.
If you go to the dentist before the extraction experienced swelling of the face, swollen gums, pain in your teeth under light pressure, or bleeding around the extraction site, then you may already have an infection. If you indeed have an infection before you get the tooth treated, the dentist will prescribe you antibiotics to use following treatment. If you have a really bad abscess, youll need to use antibiotics to treat the infection before the dentist will remove the tooth.
In some cases, people develop an infection after the extraction, even though they may not have been infected beforehand. The reason for this, is bacteria. Following an extraction, bacteria will be more alive in the mouth than ever before. With the extraction site being exposed, the bacteria will be able to get into the site. This can lead to an infection due to the site being exposed and the fact that you are unable to use mouthwash or brush during the first 24 48 hours. Not being able to sterilize your mouth means that you are unable to kills the germs responsible for bacteria.
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What To Expect After Wisdom Tooth Removal Or A Dental Surgery
After the dental surgery, there are a few things to expect. Whereas these may not precisely point to an infection, knowing them helps you know if the extent is allowable or if you need to revisit your dentist. Lets look at each category
- Pain and discomfort
This is possibly the first thing that youll experience after a wisdom tooth removal. Local anesthesia is used for dental surgeries. Once it wears off, most people experience pain and discomfort in the jaws, but especially at the point of tooth removal. This is expected for any person but to varying degrees. The pain should, however, go away within a few days.
For such pain, your dentist or dental surgeon will prescribe medication that you should take as advised. The medication may not completely alleviate the pain, at least not instantly, but is it helps it all. It is also normal for the pain to worsen after surgery before it gets better.
Just as mentioned at the beginning, when the wisdom tooth is removed, a cavity is left, filling up with blood. The blood clots to block any further bleeding.
Typically, the holes may bleed for a while before the clot is formed. We shall later see what you should do in case the bleeding doesnt stop as expected.
After a dental surgery of any kind, swelling is always expected. The jaws are close to lymph nodes, which further makes swelling very likely.
- Trouble opening the mouth and swallowing.
- Fever and a generally feeling unwell
What To Tell Your Dentist Before You Have A Tooth Pulled
Although having a tooth pulled is usually very safe, the procedure can allow harmful bacteria into the bloodstream. Gum tissue is also at risk of infection. If you have a condition that puts you at high risk for developing a severe infection, you may need to take antibiotics before and after the extraction. Before having a tooth pulled, let your dentist know your complete medical history, the medications and supplements you take, and if you have one of the following :
- Damaged or man-made heart valves
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Main Causes Of Gum Infection After Tooth Extraction
These infections have a couple of common causes:
- An infection of the pulp of a tooth
- An infection from a wisdom tooth that has actually can be found in only partway
- An infection that occurs after a tooth is eliminated
- A gum infection
- An infection caused by an injury
- An infection caused by blocked circulation of saliva
Preventing Dental Infections With Good Dental Health
Preventing infections in your mouth will help you reduce your risk of developing sepsis. Usual recommendations are to visit your dentist twice a year for up-to-date x-rays, exams, and dental cleanings.
Good oral hygiene is the first basic step in promoting good dental health and preventing infections. Children should learn these habits early on to help them keep healthy mouths and teeth.
- Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day.
- Floss your teeth at least once a day.
- Dont over brush brushing too hard or with too hard a brush can damage your teeth. Ask your dental hygienist for the best way for you to brush your teeth.
- Dont use your teeth to open packaging, break string, etc. Your teeth are strong, but they are for chewing food, not hard objects. These can crack, chip, or break teeth.
- Visit your dental office at least twice a year for a thorough cleaning and check-up.
- If you have had dental work, watch for any signs of infection and contact your dentist if you experience any of the signs listed above.
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Infection After Tooth Extraction
A tooth extraction is generally a quick, minimally invasive procedure that we perform right in our dental office. With close attention to post-extraction care, most patients recover quickly with few noticeable after-effects. Our dental team works very hard to minimize the chances of a post-procedure infection however, infections do sometimes develop, just as they might after any other type of surgery.
During the pre-extraction consultation, be sure to inform our team of any heart problems or artificial joints, so we can take additional precautionary measures. As the extraction becomes more complicated, we also warn our patients to be more aware of the potential for infection.
Most patients already have bacteria in their mouth, which is usually kept under control through proper oral hygiene on a daily basis. A tooth extraction infection, however, can begin when bacteria enter the space where the tooth was removed. If not addressed immediately, the bacteria can get into the bloodstream, and could cause additional problems. The CDC explains in detail that tooth infection can happen and there are ways that you can prevent infection.
Fortunately, the chances of infection are extremely low, but it is helpful to be alert for any symptoms that should cause you to take further action. Here is what you should know about getting an infection after a tooth extraction, and what steps you should take if an infection does occur.
How Do I Know If The Wisdom Teeth Are Healing Properly
During the healing process, if you see a kind of whitish film appearing at the extraction site, then the gum is healing well.
In addition, the post-operative pain should disappear after a few days. If the pain persists and intensifies, if the fever increases or if you develop swelling, then you may have an infection.
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What Are Wisdom Teeth
Your wisdom teeth are molars. Theyre the large teeth at the back of your mouth, sometimes called the third molars. Theyre the last teeth to grow in. Most people get wisdom teeth between the ages of 17 and 25.
Like other teeth, a wisdom tooth can:
- become impacted
- get stuck below or in the gumline
If you have a wisdom tooth infection, youll need treatment from a dentist. But not all pain is the result of a tooth infection.
Type Of Tooth Extraction Infections
There are three main types of tooth extraction infections.
- Periodontal: This includes gum infection after extraction
- Endodontic: An infection inside the tooth itself or in the jawbone
- Other: The lips, palate, and tongue can become infected
In some cases, patients might also experience an ear infection after extraction. For very rare cases, a deep neck infection in the cervical vertebrae may occur after tooth extraction.
How To Prevent Tooth Infections
While the dangers of untreated abscesses are certainly real, preventing a tooth infection is preferable to treating an existing one. The good news is that, while requiring daily care and dedication, preventing tooth infections is easy. All you need to do is practice good oral hygiene. Some healthy habits to incorporate into your routine are:
- Brushing twice a day
- Replacing your toothbrush every three to four months
- Making regular visits to the dentist
- Using mouthwash
- Minimizing your sugar intake
There are some other things to keep in mind when caring for your teeth:
- Dont press down too hard on your teeth when brushing, as this can damage your teeth. Talk to your dental hygienist and ask for tips if this is a concern for you.
- Only use your teeth for what theyre intended for: eating and drinking. Doing things like opening bottles or cutting string is an easily avoidable way to put cracks in your teeth that can then lead to infection.
- If youve had any dental work done, such as tooth extraction or a root canal, pay close attention to the area for signs of infection in the days following the procedure.
Potential Complications Following Tooth Extraction
If you need a tooth extracted, your dental professional will remove your tooth from its bony socket in the upper or lower jaw. The bone then must heal. Sometimes during this process, complications arise, like dry socket and infection. Details for each follow:
- Dry Socket: Acommon complication after removing a tooth is dry socket, which occurs when the blood clot that fills the void left by the extracted tooth becomes dislodged. Since the clot acts like a bandage within the mouth during healing, its absence can expose the nerves and cause discomfort. If you notice that the bone in your socket is visible or if you experience severe pain in the days following extraction, see your dental professional immediately.
- Infection in the Mouth: Another potential complication following an extraction is the development of a dental infection. That’s because, after any dental procedure, there’s a chance of bacteria entering the body. Some signs of an infection in the mouth include bad breath, a sour or bitter taste, fever, sensitivity to hot and cold, and swelling or tenderness in the gums, neck, or jaw.
The key is to report any symptoms of complications early, so you can treat the issue right away and decrease the chances of developing anything further.
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What Happens If I Get An Infection
Sometimes, an infection will develop despite our best effort following the care instructions. It is always in the patient’s best interest to seek treatment for their infections as soon as possible.
Post-operation patients will often experience pain, swelling, and sensitivity that can be mistaken for infection.
Listen to your dentist’s explanation of the post-operation symptoms and the duration of time you need to spend healing. If you experience infection signs after oral surgery, it is time to contact your dentist in Westfield, NJ. Getting treatment is critical for your oral health.
Signs of infection after surgery:
- Pus or discharge from the site of infection
- Persistent numbness in parts of the jaw, mouth, or face
- Swelling in the jaw, lymph nodes, face, or mouth
- Trouble swallowing, chewing, breathing, or talking
- Pain that prescribed medication doesn’t stop
- Bad breath that doesn’t go away, even after appropriate care and treatment
- A persistent bitter taste that doesn’t go away or returns after cleaning
- A fever that stays the same or worsens with time
If you experience these symptoms, contact your local Mountainside dentist today to schedule a as soon as possible.
Infections like these can be pretty dangerous, posing a threat not only to your oral health but to your immune system as well. When infections reach the bloodstream, they can cause significant health problems and risks. Not to mention, an infection can damage your gums, jawbone, and surrounding teeth.
Signs Of Wisdom Tooth Removal Infection
You need to immediately seek your dentists help at the first sign of any of the tooth extraction infection symptoms. These should not be taken lightly as they may escalate to other dental problems.
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Tips To Avoid An Infection After Tooth Extraction
Are you planning on getting a wisdom tooth extracted? While complications are rare, patients can avoid infection and other issues by taking care of their teeth and gums, and learning about the recovery process.
At Capital District Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons, we can review all the information you need to have a successful tooth extraction. Our board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeons in Albany and Latham, NY offer the following tips below.
How Do You Prevent Infection
There are a number of steps you can take to prevent infection after wisdom tooth extraction. The most basic method is to follow all instructions as given by your oral surgeon. Capital District Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons can show you how to clean and care for the treatment site at home. We can also provide information about prescription medications, what to eat and drink, and other details we believe are necessary for tooth extraction recovery in Albany or Latham, NY.
Its especially important to maintain excellent oral health after tooth extraction. Patients should keep their teeth and gums clean and leave the blood clot to heal on its own. Gently rinse your mouth with warm salt water and let the water drain from your mouth instead of forcefully spitting. We may also recommend an antiseptic solution as part of your daily routine. Do not pick or pull at the blood clot and, of course, feel free to call our office if you have any questions.
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How To Tell If Your Tooth Extraction Is Causing Your Sinus Problem
Philip Scolaro, MD
Recovering from a tooth extraction is quite a process. You have to carefully navigate what to eat, how to drink, and how much activity you should do as you allow your body to heal. But you also may need to pay attention to how your sinuses are reacting, especially if you had upper molars removed.
A sinus infection after tooth extraction occurs most commonly when the maxillary molars are removed. These upper teeth in the back project into the sinus cavity. When you need any of these teeth extracted, or if you have an infection or cavity in a maxillary molar, you may notice your sinuses react.
Infections can spread from the mouth to the sinuses for several reasons. For some, a cavity may extend into the center of the tooth which holds the tissue that connects it to the root. This decay then spreads into the sinuses and causes an infection. Other people may develop an abscess at the base of the tooth. When its in the right location, the bacterial infection can spread to the sinuses.
A sinus infection after tooth extraction can also occur because a connection between the mouth and sinus cavity was opened.
If youre dealing with a sinus issue after dealing with a dental issue, the two problems may be connected. Heres how to tell:
Schedule A Visit With Union Nj’s Best Dentist
Mountainside Family Dental proudly serves the greater Union, NJ area providing the highest quality dentistry to families like yours. Patients visit our top dentists from nearby areas like Westfield, Cranford, Garwood, Springfield, Kenilworth, and beyond. We believe in providing exceptional personal and professional dental care.
We treat every patient’s dental needs like we would a family member. However, if you are experiencing a dental infection or extreme pain that you feel may be an emergency, contact our dentist office today. We will do everything we can to accommodate you as soon as possible.
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