How Can A Yeast Infection Be Prevented
Prevention is always better than cure. It is best to prevent the infection from happening in the first place rather than to cure the damage done by it. To prevent a yeast infection from happening, you should try to consume food that is rich in probiotics, or taking a supplement with cranberry in it might be of great help as well. Other than these, some other preventive measures are:
- avoiding very tight clothes
- saying yes to underwear made of pure cotton
- after a shower or a bath one should dry themselves thoroughly
- wet swimsuits should not be worn for too long
- must take foods that contain probiotics like yogurt, sauerkraut, etc
- steer clear of high levels of sugar in your diet
Pregnant Women Should Be Careful Taking Anti
Fluconazole, a drug commonly used to treat vaginal yeast infections, can lead to a greater chance of miscarriage if taken orally during pregnancy.
Fluconazole, a medication that’s commonly used to treat yeast infections, can result in a greater chance of miscarriage, an UdeM study finds.
Fluconazole, a drug commonly used to treat vaginal yeast infections, can lead to a greater chance of miscarriage if taken orally during pregnancy, according to a new study by Université de Montréal researchers.
While topical azoles applied as creams or ointments are the usual go-to treatment for pregnant women with fungal infections, oral fluconazole ingested in tablet form is frequently prescribed as well.
A team led by UdeM pharmacy professor Anick Bérard looked at data on 441,949 pregnancies listed in the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort between 1998 and 2015, and linked them to filled prescriptions in the Quebec Prescription Drug Insurance database.
In their study, today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, the researchers found that taking oral fluconazole was linked to adverse outcomes in 2 to 3 per cent of cases.
Our study shows that taking any dose of oral fluconazole while pregnant may be associated with a higher chance of miscarriage, although the risk remains small, said Bérard, who holds UdeM’s Research Chair on Medications, Pregnancy and Lactation.
Safe Prescribing Is Key
The study re-emphasizes safe prescribing practices in pregnancy,” commented Drs. Vanessa Paquette and Chelsea Elwood, of Vancouver’s British Columbia Womens Hospital and Health Centre, writing in the CMAJ.
Doctors should take the right steps by first confirming the correct diagnosis “and then choosing the safest medication with the largest body of data in pregnancy at the lowest appropriate doses,” they advised.
Women shouldn’t be unduly worried, however. “The risk of complications is, on the whole, very low,” said Bérard, who runs the Medications and Pregnancy unit at CHU Sainte-Justine children’s hospital.
“Is it worse to leave a yeast infection untreated? Absolutely. But the patient and doctor should at least have a discussion about the appropriate dose. In principle, less is always safer than more. That should be the norm.”
Women can also ask their pharmacists for alternative medications, some available over the counter, to treat their yeast infection, added Bérard, who is now looking at extending the study to patient cohorts across Canada.
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How Is Candidiasis Treated
Most of the time, vulvovaginal candidiasis is easy to treat with an antifungal cream or suppository. The medicine should relieve your symptoms within seven days. However, during pregnancy, you should see your doctor before starting treatment. They can confirm that you actually have a yeast infection and ensure you get a treatment thats safe to use during pregnancy.
Both oral and topical antifungal drugs are used to treat yeast infections in nonpregnant women. However, oral drugs may not be safe to use during pregnancy. A 2016 study in found an association between higher risk of miscarriage and oral fluconazole use during pregnancy. Oral antifungal drugs have also been linked to birth defects.
Topical antifungal drugs that are safe to use during pregnancy include:
Vaginal Thrush During Pregnancy
Vaginal thrush is fairly harmless, but it can be uncomfortable and it can keep coming back, which is known as recurrent thrush.
Thrush is a yeast infection, usually caused by a yeast-like fungus called ‘Candida albicans’.
Vaginal thrush can sometimes be passed on during sex but is not considered a sexually transmitted infection . However, if you have thrush its best to avoid having sex until youve completed a course of treatment and the infection has cleared up.
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Should Pregnant People Try Alternative Treatments
You may have stumbled upon some home remedies with tips and tricks to naturally treat yeast infections. These involve using household staples such as yogurt, coconut oil or garlic, as well as other oils like tea tree and oregano, either topically or orally to suppress yeast infections.
While some of these recommendations have been studied, it is not recommended that pregnant people attempt to treat themselves. During your pregnancy, be sure to consult your doctor for treatment options and just use garlic to spice up your food instead of as an antifungal.
What Complications Are Associated With Yeast Infections
In nonpregnant women who have a normal immune system, yeast infections rarely lead to serious complications.
Even in pregnancy, yeast infections dont usually cause harmful effects in the mother. However, you can pass the yeast to your baby during delivery.
Most babies who develop a yeast infection have it just in their mouths or diaper area. However, though rare, a yeast infection in babies can become very serious, because their immune systems arent yet well-developed. It can spread through the infants body and affect breathing and heart rhythm, for example. This happens most often in babies who have other things affecting their immune systems, such as prematurity or an underlying infection.
Yeast infections can also cause body-wide infections and serious complications in women who have a weakened immune system because of conditions such as HIV.
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Why Do I Need To See My Provider To Treat A Yeast Infection
It may seem like overkill to see your provider because antifungal medication is available over the counter, but it’s not a good idea to try to diagnose and treat yourself. Studies show that most women who treat themselves for a presumed yeast infection miss the real cause. As a result, they often delay getting proper treatment.
Your symptoms may be caused by something else, such as a sexually transmitted infection, instead of or along with yeast.
How Can I Prevent A Yeast Infection Or Recurring Yeast Infections
Most yeast infections can usually be avoided by doing the following:
- Wear loose, breathable cotton clothing and cotton underwear.
- After regular, thorough washing , use your blow dryer on a low, cool setting to help dry the outside of your genital area.
- Always wipe from front to back after using the restroom.
- Shower immediately after you swim. Change out of your swimsuit, workout clothes, or other damp clothes as soon as possible.
- use sanitary pads and tampons that contain deodorant
- take a bubble bath/use scented soaps
- use colored or perfumed toilet paper
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How Can I Prevent Yeast Infections From Occurring
Yeast infections can usually be avoided by doing the following:
- Avoid tight-fitting, synthetic fiber clothing, leotards, or girdles
- Wear cotton panties and pantyhose with cotton crotches
- Wash regularly, and dry thoroughly. Use your blow dryer on a low, cool setting to help dry your genital area
- Always wipe from front to back after using the restroom
- Shower immediately after you swim, and dry thoroughly. Change out of wet swimsuits or other damp clothes as soon as you can
- Change underwear and workout clothes right away after exercise
- Dont use bubble bath or colored/perfumed toilet paper
- Avoid hot tubs and very hot baths
- Avoid unnecessary antibiotic use, such as for colds or other viral infections.
- Eat nutritious foods including yogurt with lactobacillus acidophilus limit sugar intake, as sugar promotes the growth of yeast
- Get plenty of rest to make it easier for your body to fight infections
How To Prevent A Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Theres no guaranteed method of prevention, but whether youre pregnant or not, here are some ways to decrease your chances of getting a yeast infection. In general, you want to try to let the vaginal area breathe and minimize the amount of moisture down there, says Phillips.
Edit your underwear drawer. Make sure to choose underwear and tights with cotton crotches, and avoid wearing thongs or anything thats too tight. You should also remove underwear before going to bed.
Change out of damp stuff pronto. Dont wear wet swimsuits or gym clothes for longer than needed, and wash them each time you wear them.
With bottoms, go for a flowy look. If youre opting for pants, keep them loose-fitting and breathable.
Stock up on probiotic foods. For example, eating yogurt containing live Lactobacillus acidophilus cultures may help keep your vaginal pH in check.
Skip scented products. Dont take baths with scented products and avoid douching, vaginal sprays and sanitary pads with fragrance.
Get bathroom hygiene right. It bears repeating: Always wipe from front to back after using the restroom.
Cara Delaney, MD, MPH, is an ob-gyn at Boston Medical Center and a Family Planning Fellow at Boston University School of Medicine. She earned both her MD and MPH from Tulane University School of Medicine in New Orleans.
Plus, more from The Bump:
Home Remedies To Treat Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Some of the home remedies for yeast infection during pregnancy include use of apple cider vinegar, garlic, honey, cranberry juice, calendula, olive leaf extract, coconut oil, yogurt, to name a few.
Pregnancy is a beautiful yet challenging phase of a womans life. Along with a life developing in the uterus of a mother, the body is undergoing a series of changes along with changing hormones. With so much going on in your body, the last thing you would want is to contract a yeast infection in pregnancy.
How To Treat Vaginitis Naturally During Pregnancy
Yeast Infections are caused by a fungus . It is estimated that 75% of women will experience a yeast infection during their lifetime.
Those who are most susceptible to these infections are pregnant women, women with diabetes, women taking antibiotics, corticosteroid medications, or oral contraceptives , and/or women with iron deficiencies.While some may not experience any symptoms, the most common symptoms of yeast infections include:
- Itchiness of the vaginal area
- Abnormal discharge
- has a foul odor, like bread/yeast
- Burning sensations in the vaginal area during urination and/or sex
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How Is A Yeast Infection Diagnosed
After receiving a physical exam and reviewing signs and symptoms with your physician, the diagnosis will be confirmed or denied through a sample of vaginal discharge. Your doctor will check the sample for yeasts that cause infections, and more harmful types of yeast infections will also be ruled out during this time.
Are Yeast Infections Contagious
Yeast infections arent considered to be sexually transmitted infections , but they can be passed to a partner if you have sex without a barrier method.
Its also possible for a baby to get a fungal diaper rash at birth if the mother has a yeast infection. However, you wont catch a yeast infection from sharing a shower or exchanging saliva with someone.
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How Are Recurring Yeast Infections Treated
Because of the shift in hormones during pregnancy, you may be more susceptible to recurring yeast infections. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis is when four or more yeast infections occur in a year. If you are experiencing recurrent candidiasis, we recommend consulting your physician to rule out any health conditions.
The pregnancy itself may simply be the root of infection, and after delivery, they should cease. Oral azole drugs effectively reduce recurrent infections, but this option is only available after delivery, as oral antifungals are not safe or advised methods of treatment while pregnant.
Yeast Infections In Pregnancy: Recommended Treatments
Michael Postelnick, BPharm
Which treatment options for vaginal yeast infections are safe and effective in the pregnant patient?
|Response from Michael Postelnick, BPharm Lecturer, Department of Medical Education, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Senior Infectious Disease Pharmacist, Clinical Manager, Northwestern Memorial Hospital Department of Pharmacy, Chicago, Illinois|
Vaginal candidiasis, commonly called “yeast infection,” is relatively common during pregnancy, with an estimated prevalence of 10%-75%. The patient usually presents with vulvar pruritus, burning, soreness, and irritation, with occasional dysuria.
Pregnancy causes increased levels of progesterone and estrogen. Progesterone suppresses the ability of neutrophils to combat Candida, and estrogen disrupts the integrity of vaginal epithelial cells against such pathogens as Candida and decreases immunoglobulins in vaginal secretions. These issues, which continue throughout pregnancy, lend themselves to multiple recurrences of infection.
Treatment is directed at symptom relief. Topical imidazoles are most commonly recommended. Although both miconazole and clotrimazole are available without a prescription, pregnant patients should never self-medicate and should only use these products under the direction of a healthcare provider.
Data in pregnancy for other topical antifungal agents are limited, making miconazole and clotrimazole the preferred topical agents in pregnancy.
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How To Prevent Yeast Infections In Pregnancy
While you cant control your hormonal changes during pregnancy, there are steps you can take to prevent yeast infections. These include allowing your vaginal area to breathe by wearing cotton underwear, avoiding tight pants or pantyhose, keeping the genital area dry and sustaining from scented feminine products and douching. Some research suggests eating yogurt with live cultures and other probiotics can also help ward off developing a yeast infection.
When To Call Your Doctor
If you are experiencing a vaginal yeast infection during pregnancy and any of the following symptoms occur, we recommend advising your doctor for a more comprehensive treatment plan.
- If you are experiencing pain in the lower abdomen coupled with vaginal discharge and fever, this may be a sign of PID, and treatment will be necessary.
- If you are pregnant and begin to experience signs and symptoms of a UTI, or urinary tract infection, or other vaginal infection
- Unusual vaginal itching
- Unusual vaginal discharge, especially if a foul odor accompanies it
- Pain occurring with urination or penetration
- Symptoms persist after initial treatment and medication
- If symptoms recur within a couple of months from the first infection
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Uterine Infections During Pregnancy
An infection in the uterus can be dangerous for a variety of reasons. The infection may affect the placenta, harm the developing baby, cause premature labor, or lead to birth abnormalities.
Uterine infections can also make labor more dangerous and difficult. Some individuals experience organ failure and other life-threatening complications.
Treatment includes antibiotics and may require hospitalization. If a fever develops during labor, a doctor or midwife will monitor the fetus. If the symptoms are severe, the doctor may recommend a cesarean delivery.
Vaginal Yeast Infections During Pregnancy
If you develop a yeast infection during pregnancy, its important to understand the importance of choosing the right treatment. Talk to your healthcare professional if you are pregnant and develop a vaginal yeast infection. The CDC and health professionals recommend a 7-day vaginal cream for a yeast infection during pregnancy. The FDA issued a warning about the oral medication fluconazole in 20162. Using topical antifungal treatments like MONISTAT® during pregnancy is recommended. Again, talk to your healthcare professional.
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What Are Symptoms Of A Yeast Infection
Signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection can vary. Here are some things you may experience and get checked out by your provider:
- Redness and/or swelling in the vulva
- Pain during intercourse
- Soreness or pain in the vulva
- Thick, white vaginal discharge resembling cottage cheese in appearance
In addition to vaginal signs and symptoms, an overgrowth of yeast or candida can also occur in the mouth, known as oral thrush. In infants, the infection may present as a red, persistent, irritating diaper rash. Like any infection, it is recommended to have your doctor examine your symptoms to determine the cause.
How Can I Reduce My Chances Of Getting A Yeast Infection While Pregnant
It’s less likely you’ll get a yeast infection if you keep your genital area dry and your vaginal flora in balance. Not all of the following suggestions are supported by hard evidence, but they’re easy enough to do and worth a try:
A yeast infection is no fun, but it’s nice to know that it’s not a danger to you or your baby. It’s a good idea to keep in mind that some infections can be more than bothersome when you’re pregnant, though. Here’s an article outlining some of the infections that can affect a pregnancy.
BabyCenter’s editorial team is committed to providing the most helpful and trustworthy pregnancy and parenting information in the world. When creating and updating content, we rely on credible sources: respected health organizations, professional groups of doctors and other experts, and published studies in peer-reviewed journals. We believe you should always know the source of the information you’re seeing. Learn more about our editorial and medical review policies.
ACOG. 2020. Vaginitis. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
CDC. 2020. Vulvovaginal candidiasis. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
OWH. 2019. Vaginal yeast infection. Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
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